Timeline of the introduction of color television in countries

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Introduction of color television in countries by decade. Timeline of the introduction of colour television by decade.svg
Introduction of color television in countries by decade.

This is a list of when the first color television broadcasts were transmitted to the general public. Non-public field tests, closed-circuit demonstrations and broadcasts available from other countries are not included, while including dates when the last black-and-white stations in the country switched to color or shutdown all black-and white television sets.


List in alphabetical order

Note: Asterisks (*) after locations below are for "Television in LOCATION" links.
LocationYearNetwork or channelColor systemNotes
Flag of Alaska.svg Alaska 1966/1972KENI-TV (now KTUU) NTSC First program in color, on Monday, September 19, 1966, was the premiere episode of That Girl , an ABC show. KENI was a primary affiliate of both NBC and ABC. Transitioned to full color service by 1972.
Flag of Albania.svg Albania * 1981 RTSH PAL Color broadcasts had been available from Yugoslavia since 1971 and Italy since 1977. Frequencies have been occasionally jammed due to censorship of some programs in Albania in that time.
Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria * 1973 RTA PAL RTA transmitted in the older French 819-line standard System E, until 1973 when it started broadcasting in 625-line standard System B. [1]
Flag of American Samoa.svg American Samoa 1969 KVZK-2 NTSC KVZK-2 was a National Educational Television affiliate.
Flag of Angola.svg Angola * 1983 TPA PAL
Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina * 1978/1980 LS 82 Canal 7 PAL Introduced for the 1978 FIFA World Cup by A78TV (Argentina 78 TV), a purpose-built system that took over the signals of channels 7 and 13 for the telecast of the Cup's games, even though only the finals and several second-round matches were broadcast in color for the domestic market. LS 82 Canal 7 became ATC (Argentina Televisora Color) on May 3, 1979, with sporadic color telecasts, which were officially authorized to begin at midnight on Thursday, May 1, 1980 on both ATC and LS 85 Canal 13, the latter of which had carried out late-night tests for several months beforehand, and previously undertook non-public experimental transmissions under the NTSC system in 1969, but the project was cancelled due to lack of government approval. Full-time color transmissions by late 1980-early 1981. Uses the PAL-N system.
Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia *. - Armenian SSR 1973/1978 Armenia 1 SECAM, PAL First transmission was the 1973 May Day Parade in Yerevan. Full-time color transmissions since December 24, 1978 (Christmas Eve).
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia * 1974/1975 ATV-0 (now ATV-10). PAL Permanent color telecasts since Saturday, 1 March 1975. First color test broadcast on Thursday, 15 June 1967, with live coverage of the Pakenham races. [2] Many television shows were produced and broadcast in color between 1972 and 1974, with limited color telecasts from mid-1974 on.
Flag of Austria.svg Austria * 1969/1975 ORF PAL First transmission was the Eurovision broadcast of the New Year Concert from Vienna on Wednesday, January 1, 1969. Full-time color transmissions since January 15, 1975.
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan *. - Azerbaijan SSR 1973/1978 AzTV SECAM, PAL First color broadcasts in Azerbaijan started in 1973 using the SECAM standard. Full color service started in 1978.
Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas * 1977 ZNS-TV NTSC Color transmissions had been available from Miami since 1954 (WTVJ) and West Palm Beach since the late 1950s [3]
Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh * 1980 BTV PAL
Flag of Barbados.svg Barbados * 1971 CBC NTSC
Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus *. - Byelorussian SSR 1974 Belteleradio SECAM Full-time color service came around 1974 with SECAM.
Flag of Belize.svg Belize 1984 Channel 7 NTSC Color broadcasts have been available from Mexico since 1967.
Flag of Benin.svg Benin 1982 OTRB PAL
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium * 1971 RTB, BRT PAL Color broadcasts from France (SECAM), Germany and The Netherlands (PAL) were available since 1967. Early receivers were very costly owing to multiple standards: PAL/SECAM/625 lines and monochrome/819 lines
Flag of Bermuda.svg Bermuda * 1968 ZBM-TV NTSC ZBM was an affiliate of the U.S. network CBS.
Bandera de Bolivia (Estado).svg Bolivia 1978/1980 TV Boliviana NTSC Experimental color broadcasts began in 1977. Full-time color arrived in 1980. Color broadcasts have been available from Brazil since 1972, but were PAL-M.
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina *. - SR Bosnia and Herzegovina 1972/1973 Radiotelevizija Sarajevo (now BHT 1) PAL First color transmission came from Belgrade in 1971, local service began in 1972 and in 1973.
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil * 1962/1972/1978 Bandeirantes, Globo, Record PAL-M First transmissions (unofficial and just for specific programs) were made between 1962 and 1963 in the city of São Paulo by Rede Tupi and also by Rede Excelsior, both using NTSC. Tests for the regular PAL-M transmissions began in 1970 with the Mexico's FIFA World Cup, and the first official transmission was the coverage of the 12th Caxias do Sul Grape Festival on February 19, 1972. Limited color transmissions from 1973 to 1978. Full-time color transmissions since 1978.
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria * 1970/1977 BNT SECAM Full color transmissions achieved by 1977.
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg Burkina Faso. - Republic of Upper Volta 1976 Volta Vision SECAM This country is now known as Burkina Faso since 1984.
Flag of Myanmar.svg Burma * 1980 BBS PAL, NTSC Color broadcasts began on November 1, 1980 [4]
Flag of Burundi.svg Burundi * 1983 RTNB SECAM
Flag of Cambodia.svg Cambodia * - People's Republic of Kampuchea 1986 National Television of Kampuchea SECAM, PAL Color transmissions started in 1986, switched to PAL from 1991. Last independent country in the world to receive color television.
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada * 1966/1978(CBC, SRC), CTV NTSC Officially launched in both English and French at 12:01 a.m. on July 1, 1966, at the beginning of Canada's 100th year as a nation. Color broadcasts from the United States had been available since the mid-1950s. A mandatory transition to color for all transmitters took place between 1969 and 1976 on all English and French channels. CBC began full-time color broadcasts in 1974. Full-time color officially achieved in 1978 on most major market TV Flagship stations but there was a small amount of transmitter chains (Repeaters) and privately owned television stations with low funding that continued to broadcast in black and white until at least the early 1980s when color broadcasting equipment became more readily available and affordable.
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg Central African Republic 1982RTC SECAM
Flag of Chad.svg Chad * 1982 Télé Tchad SECAM
Flag of Chile.svg Chile * 1974/1977/1978/1979 TVN, Televisión Universidad Católica de Chile (TVUC) now Canal 13 NTSC The first demonstration of color television in Chile was carried out in March 1974 in the State Technical University (Universidad Técnica del Estado, now known as Universidad de Santiago) with equipment supplied by the Embassy of the United States which was then acquired by state-owned network TVN, which broadcast several games from the 1974 FIFA World Cup in color through closed-circuit systems, also transmitting the Viña del Mar Festival in color, but only for export between the 16th and 18th editions. The network eventually rolled out test colorcasts in late 1977 and early 1978. First nationwide color show transmitted was Esta noche fiesta of Canal 13 on Monday, April 10, 1978. [5] First news report in color was shown at Teletrece on April 12, 1978. [6] Full-time color transmissions since mid-1979. Regional network Red Norte made several tests with the PAL system in 1976-77.
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China * 1960 BTV Channel 2 (now CCTV-1, not BRTV) NTSC (or possibly OSKM [note 1] )Plans to introduce NTSC began in 1958, [7] Internal tests launched in May 1960, [8] and over-the-air experimental broadcasts were conducted in October 1960, [9] but were canceled a few months later due to economic difficulties. [9]
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China * 1970/1973/1984 BTV Channel 8 (now CCTV-2, not BRTV) PAL In 1969, the government began to urge the relevant research institutes to carry out research on color television. [10] After that, in 1970, institutes throughout China started the "Color Television Collaborative Research Project"("彩色电视攻关大会战"). [11] [12] [10] Between 1970 [13] and 1975, many experimental broadcasts were conducted, including PAL, [9] SECAM, [9] [14] as well as a variety of self-developed standards (e.g., HXZ [note 2] , 1035-line line-sequential color system [note 3] , etc.).
In 1971, PAL was set as a temporary standard. [16] In August 1972, PAL inventor Walter Bruch traveled to Shanghai to give an academic lecture. [17] Trial broadcasts since April 1973, and regular full-time color broadcasts since October 1973. full-time color transmissions for all two channels, including Channel 2 (now CCTV-1) since 1977. Microwave relay color transmissions since 1975, but however, full-time color transmissions throughout China using satellites were in 1984. [18] Color broadcasts from Taiwan Kinmen relay transmitter (NTSC) (which had been available in some coastal areas of Fujian since 1978 [19] ), Hong Kong (PAL) (which had been available in most parts of Guangdong since 1967) and the Soviet Union (SECAM) (which had been available in a few border areas of Heilongjiang since 1967 [20] ).
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan *. - Republic of China 1969/1975 CTV NTSC Full-time color transmissions since 1975. Color broadcasts from Fujian had been available in Matsu Islands since 1976, [21] and Kinmen since 1982 [22] in PAL.
Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia * 1979/1981 Cenpro Televisión, Inravisión NTSC Test broadcasts in SECAM were held in 1966. [23] Tests for the regular transmissions began in 1971 with the coverage of that year's Pan American Games held in Cali. In October 1973, the programadora[ clarification needed ] Cenpro Televisión made a color broadcast during an education seminar with Japanese-made equipment. Color broadcasts from Panama and Venezuela had been available since 1972, while telecasts from Ecuador had been available beginning in 1973. In 1974, the inauguration of West Germany's FIFA World Cup was shown in color in closed circuit at two colosseums in Bogota and Cali. [24] Regular color transmissions since Saturday, December 1, 1979. [25] Full-time color transmissions since 1981.
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg DR Congo * - Zaire 1980 OZRT SECAM
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Congo. - Congo (Brazzaville) 1975 Télé Congo SECAM
Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica 1969/1974 Televictoria, Telecentro, TICA-TV NTSC Full-time color broadcasts since 1974.
Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia *. - SR Croatia, SFRJ, Yugoslavia 1971 Radiotelevizija Zagreb (now HRT 1) PAL Color broadcasts from Belgrade had been available since 1971.
Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba * 1958/1975/1985Tele-Color, S.A., Tele Rebelde (1975) NTSC Started in 1958 as the second country in the world to have color telecasts in Havana's channel 4. Ended in 1959 as a result of the Cuban Revolution under Fidel Castro; returned in 1975 this time starting with Tele Rebelde and Havana's channel 2 (which would later become part of Tele Rebelde in April 1979), to broadcast the 1st Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba. Full-time color broadcasts since 1985. [26]
Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus * 1976 CyBC SECAM
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic *. - Czech Socialist Republic 1973 ČST SECAM, PAL Regular color broadcasts started on May 9, 1973, on second channel and on May 9, 1975, on first channel. Full color transition in late 1970s, switched to PAL broadcasting in 1993. ČST started color experiments in the late 1960s for PAL. After the Soviet invasion in 1968, SECAM was chosen for broadcasting, but not for production. Television studios worked in PAL and than it was transcoded for SECAM broadcasting until 1993. Color telecasts from East Germany were available since 1969.
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark * 1968/1970 Danmarks Radio PAL First introduced for the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France. [27] The national broadcaster's programming transitioned to color throughout 1969 and "color tests" were officially ended on Wednesday, April 1, 1970. [27] Color broadcasts had been available from West Germany since 1967.
Flag of Djibouti.svg Djibouti. - French Territory of the Afars and the Issas 1974 RTD SECAM The country became independent in 1977.
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic 1969 Color Visión NTSC
Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador * 1973/1974/1980 Ecuavisa, Teleamazonas NTSC Teleamazonas was founded in 1973, broadcasting several color programs from its start. However, these would only be officially authorized in 1980, when full-time transmission began.
Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt * 1973 ETV PAL
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg Equatorial Guinea 1976 RNGE SECAM
Flag of El Salvador.svg El Salvador * 1973 Canal 4 (Part-time)
Canal 6 (Full-time)
Currently, both channels are part of TCS since 1985.
NTSC First color transmissions have available from Guatemala in the west of the country since 1970. The first broadcast in color was on Saturday, March 3, 1973 at 8:30 pm on channel 4 using the NTSC system, provided by RCA color cameras with the program "La Danza de los Colores", the channel was later adopted full-color transmissions during the 1974 FIFA World Cup in West Germany. Channel 6 returned as a full-color service transmission on April 6, as YSLA-TV. Later that decade, Channel 2 and Televisión Educativa (Channels 8 and 10) adopted full-time color service.
Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia *. - Estonian SSR 1967/1972 ETV SECAM, PAL First color broadcasts came from Moscow; first local color program was transmitted on Saturday, December 30, 1972. Transitioned from SECAM to PAL 1992–1999.
Flag of Ethiopia.svg Ethiopia * 1979/1984 ETV PAL The first color broadcasts starting in 1979. Full color broadcasts in 1984.
Flag of Finland.svg Finland * 1969/1970/1976/1979 YLE, MTV PAL The first broadcast in color was the President Urho Kekkonen's New Year speech in 1969, [28] and color television licenses were introduced the same year. [29] Color was introduced gradually; most programs were in color by the end of the 1970s. Some news broadcasts remained in black-and-white until May 1979. [30] MTV's first color broadcast was in 1970, [31] with color production beginning in 1976.
Flag of France.svg France * 1967/1975/1983 ORTF SECAM Tested from 1964 to 1966 and introduced on La deuxième chaîne at 2:15pm (14:15) on Sunday, October 1, 1967. The first channel (later TF1) remained in black and white for years due to being transmitted in the older 819-line standard: its transition to color 625-line began on Saturday, December 20, 1975, and the full nationwide color coverage was only achieved on July 19, 1983. [32]
Flag of French Polynesia.svg French Polynesia 1972 RFO (Télé Tahiti, now Polynésie la Première) SECAM
Flag of France.svg French Guiana * 1974 RFO (Guyane RFO TV) SECAM
Flag of Gabon.svg Gabon 1973 RTG SECAM
Flag of The Gambia.svg Gambia 1973/1976/1979GTN, GRTS, Kerewan TV SECAM Color broadcasts from Guinea have been available since 1971. Test color broadcasts began in 1972. Limited color broadcasts from 1973 to 1976 and full time color broadcasts from 1977 to 1979. GTN switched to PAL in 1996.
Flag of Georgia.svg Georgia *. Georgian SSR 1980/1984 GPB SECAM First experimental broadcast in 1980 for the Summer Olympics in Moscow. In 1984, Georgia became the last post-Soviet country to introduce color television during an episode of an unidentified program on a full time basis.
Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany 1969 DFF SECAM Introduced on Friday, October 3, 1969, on the new second television channel launched for that purpose with a symbolic launch button pressed by Walter Ulbricht on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the German Democratic Republic on Tuesday, October 7. The television tower in East Berlin was also opened that day. Switchover on December 31, 1991, because of German reunification. Color broadcasts from West Germany had been available since 1967.
Flag of Germany.svg West Germany 1967 ARD, ZDF PAL First country in Europe to introduce color on two television channels simultaneously, at 9:30am on Friday, August 25, 1967, with a symbolic launch button pressed by Willy Brandt on the International Radio and Television Fair in West Berlin. Full-time color service began in 1970.
Flag of Ghana.svg Ghana * 1985 GTV PAL Last country in Africa to introduce color television.
Flag of Gibraltar.svg Gibraltar * 1980 GBC PAL Color broadcasts have been available from Spain and Morocco since 1972.
Flag of Greece.svg Greece * 1977/1981 ERT SECAM, PAL Test color broadcasts began in 1976. Partial color broadcasts started from 1977 to 1981. Full color transmissions since 1981. ERT switched to PAL in 1992.
Flag of Greenland.svg Greenland * 1984/1987 KNR NTSC, PAL Color broadcasts from Canada had been available since 1966, but were NTSC. Private transmitters were built to receive television signals from Canada long before Greenland had their native television service which came into broadcast in 1982. Full-time color service came in 1984, remote areas continued to broadcast in black and white until c.1987–1990.
Flag of France.svg Guadeloupe * 1972 RFO (Guadeloupe 1ère) SECAM
Flag of Guinea.svg Guinea 1971 RTG PAL Color broadcasts from the Ivory Coast had been available since 1970, but were SECAM.
Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala 1970RTG NTSC First Central American country to introduce color television; color broadcasts available from Mexico since 1967.
Flag of Guam.svg Guam 1970 KUAM-TV NTSC KUAM was a primary NBC affiliate that also carried some programming from ABC and CBS.
Flag of Guyana.svg Guyana 1979GBC NTSC
Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti * 1971Télé Haïti [33] NTSC
Flag of Hawaii.svg Hawaii 1957/1961KONA-TV (now KHON-TV), KHVH-TV (now KITV), KGMB NTSC KHVH-TV (independent) began color broadcasting on May 5, 1957. [34] After purchasing the ABC affiliate station in July 1958, [35] however, color shows stopped by the end of that year. [36] KONA-TV (NBC) started test color shows in September 1961 [37] and began regular color programming on October 1, 1961. [38] KHVH-TV (ABC) returned to color after a nearly 4-year hiatus on July 14, 1962. [39] The last American commercial network affiliate station in Hawaii, KGMB-TV (CBS), started its color showings on December 22, 1965. [40]
Flag of Honduras.svg Honduras * 1973Canal 3 Honduras NTSC
Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong * - British Hong Kong 1971/1973/1975 TVB, RTV PAL The first country in Greater China to introduce color television in 1967. The first experimental color broadcast was at the 1969 Hong Kong Festival. TVB introduced color broadcasts in 1971, and RTV in 1973. Full-time color broadcasts since 1975.
Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary * 1971/1975 Magyar Televízió SECAM, PAL Full color broadcasts introduced in 1975.
Flag of Iceland.svg Iceland * 1974/1978 RÚV (Sjónvarpið) PAL Full-time color broadcasts since 1974 to 1978.
Flag of India.svg India * 1978/1982 Doordarshan PAL Experimental color broadcasts began in 1978. Full color broadcasts were introduced on 25 April 1982.
Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia * 1979/1982 TVRI PAL Full-time color broadcasts began on Tuesday, August 24, 1982.
Flag of Iran.svg Iran * 1973 NIRT SECAM
Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq * 1968 RTI SECAM First Muslim country to introduce color television.
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland * 1968/1970/1972/1978 RTÉ PAL First color broadcast was in 1968, however, an error in standards conversion may have transmitted the 1968 Wimbledon Men's Finals in color. First original color produced programme was John Hume's Derry shown under the 7 Days banner, first transmitted in 1969. First outside color broadcast were the Eurovision Song Contest 1971 held in Dublin on Saturday, 3 April 1972. Color broadcasts from the United Kingdom available since 1967. Full-time color broadcasts began with RTE 2 launched on 1 November 1978.
Flag of Israel.svg Israel * 1977/1979/1983 IBA, IETV PAL Introduced for the coverage of the Egyptian president's visit to Israel in November 1977, then reintroduced for the Eurovision Song Contest 1979 in Jerusalem on Saturday, March 31, 1979. Gradual transition to full-time color transmissions from 1982 to 1984. Full-time color transmissions since February 16, 1983. [41]

Color broadcasts from Jordan and Egypt had been available since 1974 and Lebanon since 1976. Since color TVs were considered more expensive, the government ordered removing the color signals, in the name of public equality. Engineers developed a device that extrapolates the colors from programs that were originally shot in color, and thousands of such devices were sold. Major television networks in Israel have been filming programs in color for foreign audiences since at least 1974.

Flag of Italy.svg Italy * 1972/1977/1979 RAI PAL Introduction temporarily stalled by political turmoil. Color broadcasts from France (SECAM) had been available since 1967, from Austria (PAL) since 1969, and from Yugoslavia (PAL) since 1971. Privately operated transmitter chains made these signals available as far as Rome. The first color test was in 1972 Summer Olympic Games. The Sanremo Music Festival began to be broadcast in color in 1973, as well as, in the same year, the Jeux Sans Frontières. Partial color transmissions started on Tuesday, February 1, 1977. Full time since 1979.
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Ivory Coast 1970 RTI SECAM First African country to introduce color television.
Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica * 1975 JBC NTSC Color broadcasts have been available from Haiti since 1971.
Flag of Japan.svg Japan * 1960/1971 Fuji TV, NHK, NTV, TBS, YTV, ABC NTSC The first Asian country to introduce color television, beginning telecasts on Saturday, September 10, 1960, through the Fuji network, which had carried tests from 1959. Full-time color service introduced in 1971, when Fukushima Central Television introduced color TV. Uses the NTSC-J system.
Flag of Jordan.svg Jordan * 1974 JTV PAL
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan *. - Kazakh SSR 1977 Kazakhstan SECAM, PAL Full color transmissions introduced in the 1980s.
Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya * 1978 KBC PAL
Flag of North Korea.svg North Korea * 1974/1980 KCTV PAL Full color broadcasts were introduced from 1977 to 1980.
Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea * 1980/1981 KBS, MBC NTSC Regular test color broadcasts began in the late 1970s, with the first color TV sets being built in 1975. Regular color broadcasts began in 1980, with full-time color broadcasts beginning in 1981. Color broadcasts have been available from Japan since 1961 and North Korea since 1974.
Flag of Kosovo.svg Kosovo *. - SAP Kosovo 1982 RTP PAL
Flag of Kuwait.svg Kuwait * 1974 KTV PAL
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan *. - Kirghiz SSR 1981 KTRK SECAM Experimental color broadcast for the 1980 Summer Olympics.
Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia *. - Latvian SSR 1968/1974 LTV SECAM, PAL First color broadcasts came from Moscow. First local color program was transmitted on Monday, January 28, 1974. Switched from SECAM to PAL on February 2, 1998.
Flag of Lebanon.svg Lebanon * 1967CLT/Télé Liban SECAM In 1967, CLT became the third television station in the world after the Soviet Union and France to broadcast in color, utilizing the French SECAM technology. [42]
Flag of Liberia.svg Liberia * 1975 LBS PAL
Flag of Libya.svg Libya * 1976 Al-Libyah TV PAL
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania *. - Lithuanian SSR 1968 LRT SECAM, PAL Used SECAM as part of the USSR from 1968–1989 and again from 1990 to 1996. PAL has been in use since 1997.
Flag of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg * 1967/1972 Compagnie Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion PAL, SECAM The then only channel for audiences in Luxembourg, France and Belgium originally used the French/Belgian 819-line black and white standard. After Belgium and France opted for different color systems, Luxembourg broadcast two versions of the same channel. All later RTL channels aimed at French, German and Dutch-speaking audiences in Europe adopted the standards of their target markets. Full color telecasts began in 1972.
Flag of North Macedonia.svg North Macedonia *. - SR Macedonia 1974 Televizija Skopje (now MRT 1) PAL
Flag of Madagascar.svg Madagascar *.1977 MBS SECAM
Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia * 1978/1980/1982 RTM PAL Color broadcasts was introduced as a test transmission beginning in late 1977. Introduced in Peninsular Malaysia on beginning 28 December 1978 and in full service by New Year's Day 1979, but was not introduced in Sabah and Sarawak until 31 August 1980 (23rd Merdeka Day). Color broadcasts had been available from Southern Thailand since 1972, the Philippines since 1966, and Singapore since 1974. Full-time color broadcasts began from 1979 to 1981 and became fully operational with effect from Friday, 1 January 1982 (New Year's Day).
Flag of Maldives.svg Maldives 1984 TVM PAL Color had been available from India since 1982.
Flag of Mali.svg Mali * 1984 ORTM SECAM
Flag of Malta.svg Malta * 1978/1981 TVM PAL Color broadcasts from Italy had been available since 1978, regular test transmissions from Wednesday, 1 January 1975. Full-time color transmissions began in 1981.
Flag of France.svg Martinique * 1969 RFO (Martinique 1ère) SECAM
Flag of Mauritania.svg Mauritania * 1984 TV de Mauritanie SECAM
Flag of Mauritius.svg Mauritius 1975 MBC SECAM Color television arrived on a full-time schedule in 1978.
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico * 1963/1968/1970 Canal 5 Telesistema Mexicano (now Televisa) NTSC Launched Friday, February 8, 1963, with the program Paraiso Infantil. Color had been available previously in a few border cities from the United States, on a limited basis. Regular color transmissions started with the 1968 Summer Olympic Games, with full service by late 1970. Curiously, Mexico had its own system of color television, invented by Guillermo González, prior to NTSC adoption, which would be used for the 1964 Summer Olympic Games.
Flag of Moldova.svg Moldova *. - Moldavian SSR 1978 TeleRadio-Moldova SECAM, PAL
Flag of Monaco.svg Monaco * 1973 TMC PAL, SECAM Color broadcasts from France had been available since 1967, but the first TV's color broadcasts from Monaco begins in December 1973 on the national TV Channel TMC.
Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia * 1975 MNB SECAM, PAL
Flag of Montenegro.svg Montenegro *. - SR Montenegro 1974 Radiotelevizija Titograd (now TVCG 1) PAL
Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco * 1972 RTM SECAM First test transmission was in 1972.
Flag of Mozambique.svg Mozambique * 1984 TVM PAL
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands * 1967 NPO PAL Introduced on both national channels (Nederland 1 and Nederland 2) on Thursday, September 21, 1967.
Flag of the Netherlands Antilles (1986-2010).svg Netherlands Antilles 1973 TeleCuraçao NTSC
Flag of France.svg New Caledonia 1972 RFO (France Ô - Nouvelle Calédonie) SECAM New Caledonia began to broadcast in color for the 1972 Summer Olympic Games, full color broadcasts became official in 1978.[ citation needed ]
Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand * 1973/1975 NZBC PAL Introduced on 31 October 1973, as part of preparations for the 1974 British Commonwealth Games, held in Christchurch in February 1974. [43] Full-time colour started 1 April 1975 coinciding with the move to the new Avalon studios and launch of Television One. [44]
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaragua * 1973 Televicentro Canal 2 NTSC
Flag of Niger.svg Niger * 1979 Télé Sahel SECAM Color broadcasts had been available from Nigeria from 1974, but were PAL.
Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria * 1974 WNTV (now called the NTA) PAL
Flag of Norway.svg Norway * 1972/1975 NRK PAL Experimental color broadcasts introduced for the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France. Regular test transmissions from Saturday, January 1, 1972. Full-time color broadcasts since Wednesday, January 1, 1975. Color broadcasts had been available from Sweden since 1970, in parts of Norway and Finland since 1969.
Flag of Oman.svg Oman * 1975 Oman TV PAL Introduced in the New Year's Day in 1975. Color broadcasts has been available from Saudi Arabia since 1973 & United Arab Emirates from 1974.
Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan * 1976/1982 PTV PAL Full-time color transmissions since 1982.
Flag of Panama.svg Panama 1972 [45] TVN NTSC
Flag of Paraguay.svg Paraguay * 1979 TV Cerro Corá PAL Uses the PAL-N system.
Flag of Peru (state).svg Peru * 1978/1980 TV Perú, América Televisión, Panamericana Televisión NTSC First color test transmission was done in 1967 by Panamericana Televisión for a soap opera but for economic and political reasons the project was canceled. Color broadcasts from Ecuador had been available since 1973. Channel 7 made test broadcasts with their own content since 1974, using the three existing standards (NTSC, PAL and SECAM), later mostly using NTSC since late-1976/1977. In Thursday January 17, 1978, the Peruvian government approved the NTSC color television standard and official broadcasts were authorised. The first official color broadcast was the 20th anniversary of Lima's Channel 7 on January 17, 1978, [46] the same day the Peruvian government approved color broadcasts. The coverage of the 1978 election was probably the first official color broadcast in the 2 main networks (América Televisión and Panamericana Televisión). América Televisión and Panamericana Televisión began their regular color broadcasting with the broadcast of the 1978 Argentina's FIFA World Cup; however, most main programming still aired in black-and-white until April 1980, after the now-private stations announced their new full-color programming in February 1980. Also, color receivers were not widely available before late 1979 due to import restrictions. [47] Transition completed on October 1, 1980.
Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines 1966/1969/1971 ABS-CBN, Kanlaon Broadcasting System (later RPN) NTSC First color test transmission was in 1963. Commercial launch in June 12, 1966 using RCA color from 1:00 to 3:00 pm. A special newscast was broadcast in color when Neil Armstrong landed on the Moon. Full-time color transmissions began in 1971 when color sets became more widespread in the Manila area and suburbs within RBS 7 and ABC 5. KBS-9 was the first Philippine TV station to launch in color (1969), funded in part by ABS-CBN. It was the second Asian country to broadcast in color.
Flag of Poland.svg Poland * 1971 TVP SECAM, PAL First time color program was broadcast on March 16, 1971 & regular broadcasting began on December 6, 1971, for 6th PUWP congress. The 1972 Olympic Games in Munich used color in SECAM. Transitioned to PAL on January 1, 1994, for all TVP channels except for TVP1 which transitioned on January 1, 1995.
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal * 1979/1980 RTP PAL First experimental broadcasts for the coverage of the 1976 election and the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal. Introduced for the Portuguese-language version of Jeux Sans Frontières on Wednesday, September 5, 1979; color broadcasts from Spain available since 1972. Full-color transmissions started March 7, 1980. [48]
Flag of Qatar.svg Qatar * 1973 QBS PAL Color broadcasts from Bahrain had been available since 1972.
Flag of France.svg Réunion 1972 RFO (1ère Réunion) SECAM Introduced for the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich.
Flag of Romania.svg Romania * 1983/1990 TVR PAL Introduced for the 39th anniversary of King Michael's Coup in 1983. Unlike the other Warsaw Pact countries, Romania chose to adopt PAL rather than SECAM. Full-time color broadcasts introduced between 1984 and 1990.
Flag of Russia.svg Russia *. - Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic 1967/1975 Soviet Central Television (now Channel One) OSKM, SECAM Test color broadcasting started in Moscow as early as January 1960 using the OSKM system (based on NTSC, which was adapted to the European 625 lines standard, using a 4.43 MHz color subcarrier) from the Moscow Experimental TV Studio at Shabolovka street, but lasted only a few months as this system was rejected. Only about 4000 television sets were built for this system (Raduga, Temp 22, Izumrud 201/203). SECAM broadcasting was introduced specifically for the 50th Golden Jubilee Anniversary of the October Revolution in 1967. Full-time colorcasts began with the Revolution's 58th anniversary, in 1975. Some parts of the USSR received color from Alaska since 1966 in some circumstances when signals were not jammed in some parts and were received by contraband receivers to pick up signals[ citation needed ].
Flag of Rwanda.svg Rwanda * 1982 ORINFOR SECAM
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg Saint Kitts and Nevis. - Saint Christopher, Nevis, and Anguilla 1972 ZIZ-TV NTSC This former British colony is the current Saint Kitts and Nevis. Color broadcasts have been available from Guadeloupe since 1972, but were SECAM.
Flag of France.svg Saint Pierre and Miquelon * 1967 RFO (1ère SPM TV; Previously known as ORTF) SECAM Color transmissions had been available from Newfoundland and Labrador since 1967, but were NTSC. There are transmitters in SPM that can carry a signal from Newfoundland and Labrador which converts it to SECAM from NTSC and in some cases, In Fortune, Newfoundland, 1ère is converted to NTSC by a transmitter that is placed there.
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia * 1973 SAGTS SECAM
Flag of Senegal.svg Senegal * 1975 RTS SECAM
Flag of Serbia.svg Serbia *. - SR Serbia 1971/1979 Televizija Beograd (now RTS1) PAL Introduced on the launch of the second TVB channel (TVB 2), as it was the first Yugoslav channel to start in color. From the late 1970s, TVB 1 switched to color, thus making all channels broadcast in color. (both TVB 1 and TVB 2, as they were only the channels available in that time) Full-time color broadcasts in SR Serbia began on May 25, 1979. Color broadcasts had been available from Italy since 1972.
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg Sierra Leone * 1978 SLBS PAL [49]
Flag of Singapore.svg Singapore * 1974/1975/1976/1977 Radio Television Singapore (RTS) PAL Test transmissions began for the 1974 Asian Games and officially introduced on July 8 for the 1974 World Cup Final. Full-time color broadcasts began on November 1, 1975, and from 1976 to 1977.
Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia *. - Slovak Socialist Republic.1973 ČST SECAM, PAL First color transmission in 1970 during World Ski Championship which was broadcast in PAL. Adopted SECAM in 1973 with full color transition in the late 1970s. Switched to PAL from 1993.
Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia *. - SR Slovenia 1974 Radiotelevizija Ljubljana (now TV Slovenija 1) PAL
Flag of Spain.svg Spain * 1972/1973/1978 RTVE SECAM, PAL Color broadcasts had been available from France since 1967, but were SECAM. The Eurovision Song Contest 1969 in Madrid was produced in color, but it was televised in black and white to the local audience. First color tests were carried out in 1972. Regular color broadcasts were introduced between 1973 and 1977, although monochrome commercials continued to be made until 1978.
Flag of Sudan.svg Sudan * 1976 Sudan TV PAL
Flag of Suriname.svg Suriname 1977 STVS NTSC
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden * 1970 Sveriges Radio TV PAL Test transmissions started on Wednesday, December 14, 1966. Regular color service and color license fee introduced on Wednesday, April 1, 1970.
Flag of Switzerland (Pantone).svg Switzerland * 1968 SBC PAL Switzerland used PAL to broadcast the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico City, color transmissions had been available from France and West Germany since 1967.
Flag of Syria.svg Syria * 1976/1980 STV PAL
Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan. - Tajik SSR 1982 TVT SECAM Experimental color broadcast for the 1980 Summer Olympics.
Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand * 1967/1975 Channel 7 PAL Although television in Thailand originally employed a 525-line screen (System M, US standard at the time), the country opted for PAL color, which necessitated a conversion to system B (625 lines), starting with Channel 7 in November 1967. Regional stations converted between 1972 and 1975.
Flag of Togo.svg Togo 1979 TVT SECAM
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago * 1977 TTT NTSC
Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia * 1972 RTT SECAM Color broadcasts have been available from Italy since 1977 and Malta since at least 1975.
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey * 1981/1984 TRT PAL Test transmissions started with the New Year's Eve celebrations on Thursday, December 31, 1981, and Friday, January 1, 1982; full color television did not start until Thursday, March 16, 1984. Color broadcasts from Greece had been available since 1976 and Bulgaria since at least 1971. [50]
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan * - Turkmen SSR 1970 Turkmen Television SECAM First Central Asian country to introduce color television. Introduced on Saturday, October 31, 1970, in preparation for the start of Ramadan.
Flag of Uganda.svg Uganda * 1975 UTV PAL
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine *. - Ukrainian SSR 1967 UT-1 SECAM, PAL First transmission came from Moscow in 1967, Ukraine uses SECAM in for the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico City. Local color broadcasts began in 1967 and from 1969 to 1975.
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates 1974 UAE-TV PAL
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom * 1967/1969/1976/1985 BBC2 (1967), BBC1 and ITV (1969) PAL First experimental 405 line broadcasts using a variation of the NTSC system in 1955 [51] and later showcased during the 1961 National Radio Show at Earls Court as an experiment. [52] In Early 1966, the PAL system was adopted and introduced on BBC2 for Wimbledon coverage on Saturday, July 1, 1967. The launch of the BBC2 "full" color service took place on December 2, 1967. Some British television programmes, however, had been produced in color even before the introduction of color television in 1967, for the purpose of sales to American, Canadian, and Filipino networks. Full-time color broadcasts on BBC and the ITV network started November 15, 1969. [53] BBC Schools programming didn't begin color broadcasting until 1974 and full nationwide color broadcasting was achieved in 1976, when BBC East (Norwich) became the last region to adopt color for regional broadcasts and locally produced programmes. Monochrome 405-line Televisions ended transmissions in January 1985, thus ending black-and-white television in the UK forever. [54]
Flag of the United States.svg United States * 1950 CBS FSC Field-sequential color system (FSC); [55] experimental; ended 1951. [56] The first country with black and white transmission to introduce color television.
Flag of the United States.svg United States * 1953/1972/1986 NBC, CBS NTSC Dot sequential system. [57] The US began a gradual transition to color in late 1953. The first color TV sets were very expensive and the audience for color was accordingly very small, so only specials and a handful of regularly scheduled shows aired in color during the 1950s. Market penetration slowly increased as more affordable sets and more color programming became available. A tipping point came in 1965, when the commercial networks first aired the majority of their prime-time shows in color. By the end of 1966, prime-time was all-color, but an ever-dwindling number of daytime, local and educational programs continued in black-and-white for a few more years. The percentage of color TV users crossed the 50% mark by 1972, and the last station to introduce color was WQEX-TV (A low power repeater of WQED-TV in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania in 1986.
Flag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay * 1980/1981 CXB-10 PAL Introduced for the 1980 Mundialito but locally broadcast in black and white. Local color broadcasting started in 1981. Uses the PAL-N system.
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan *. Uzbek SSR 1984 MTRK SECAM Experimental color broadcast for the 1980 Summer Olympics. The last Central Asian country to introduce color television in 1984.
Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela * 1974/1975/1979/1980 RCTV, Venevision NTSC The first color transmission took place in 1970 with that year's FIFA World Cup aired by Radio Caracas Televisión. In 1972, Venezolana de Televisión broadcast Renny Ottolina's documentary Churun Meru in color through a closed-circuit system installed in a number of hotels. That year, both RCTV and Venevisión began the production of color programs, mostly for foreign sales, but also for the transmission of special events and some programs. In 1974, President Carlos Andrés Pérez banned the transmission of color programs until all Venezuelans could acquire any television with color reception capacity. However, by 1975 both private broadcasters had color-ready technical facilities and beginning in June 1978 several programs were clandestinely broadcast in color. On December 1, 1979, public broadcaster TVN Canal 5 aired the country's first officially-authorized color telecast, followed just one week later on December 8 with the broadcast of the OTI 1979 Festival, produced by the two private channels with President Luis Herrera Campins finally decreeing permission for color television on June 1, 1980, already full-time on all television stations.
Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam * 1977/1986 VTV SECAM, PAL The first color television program aired on Tết 1977. [58] Color televisions were available only in big cities until 1986. Switched to PAL from 1990.
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg U.S. Virgin Islands 1968 WBNB-TV NTSC WBNB was a CBS affiliate whose first color broadcasts took place during the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico City. This station was destroyed by Hurricane Hugo on September 18, 1989.
Flag of North Yemen.svg North Yemen 1979 NYRTC PAL
Flag of South Yemen.svg South Yemen 1980 SYRTC PAL Color broadcasts had been available from North Yemen since 1979.
Flag of Zambia.svg Zambia * 1977 ZNBC PAL
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe * 1982/1984 ZBC PAL Nevertheless, in October 1982 they began experimental broadcasts. [59] [60] Color broadcasts have been available from Zambia since 1977 and South Africa since 1976. [61] Full-time color broadcast in 1984. [61]

List of territories that never had black and white television

Countries and territories that never had black and white television (i.e., their first broadcasts were in color) are not included in the table above.

See also


  1. It also could have been the OSKM system, but all the references available say "American NTSC standard". [7] [8] [9] At that time, it was only 2 years since the first black-and-white TV broadcasting in China at 1958, and only about a dozen cities had TV stations. [8] Therefore, it cannot be ruled out that the standard of the experimental color broadcast was different from OSKM (e.g., it might not use YUV, but used YIQ like the original NTSC), or that it might have used System M, which was incompatible with System D, the de-facto standard for black-and-white TVs of China at that time.
  2. one of standards developed by Tianjin team, bases on PAL, swaps U component's phase and V component's phase with each other by each line. [15]
  3. one of standards developed by Chengdu team. [11]

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