The military saints, warrior saints and soldier saints are patron saints, martyrs and other saints associated with the military. They were originally composed of the Early Christians who were soldiers in the Roman Army during the persecution of Christians, especially the Diocletian persecution of AD 303–313.
Most of the Early Christian military saints were soldiers of the Roman Empire who had become Christian and, after refusing to participate in Imperial cult rituals of loyalty to the Roman Emperor, were subjected to corporal punishment including torture and martyrdom.
Veneration of these saints, most notably of Saint George, was reinforced in the Latin Church during the time of the Crusades. The title of "champion of Christ" (athleta Christi) was originally used for these saints, but in the late medieval period also conferred on contemporary rulers by the Pope.[ citation needed ]
Since the Middle Ages, more saints have been added for various military-related patronages.
In Late Antiquity other Christian writers of hagiography, like Sulpicius Severus in his account of the heroic, military life of Martin of Tours, created a literary model that reflected the new spiritual, political, and social ideals of a post-Roman society. In a study of Anglo-Saxon soldier saints (Damon 2003), J.E. Damon has demonstrated the persistence of Sulpicius's literary model in the transformation of the pious, peaceful saints and willing martyrs of late antique hagiography to the Christian heroes of the early Middle Ages, who appealed to the newly converted societies led by professional warriors and who exemplified accommodation with and eventually active participation in holy wars that were considered just.
The military saints are characteristically depicted as soldiers in traditional Byzantine iconography from about the 10th century (Macedonian dynasty) and especially also in Slavic Christianity. τύπων μιμήματα (imitating nature), are an important source for our knowledge of medieval Byzantine military equipment.While early icons show the saints in "classicizing" attire, icons from the 11th and especially the 12th centuries, painted in the new style of
The angelic prototype of the Christian soldier-saint is the Archangel Michael, whose earliest known cultus began in the 5th century with a shrine at Monte Gargano. The iconography of soldier-saints Theodore and George as cavalrymen develops in the early medieval period. The earliest image of St Theodore as a horseman (named in Latin) is from Vinica, North Macedonia and, if genuine, dates to the 6th or 7th century. Here, Theodore is not slaying a dragon, but holding a draco standard. Three equestrian saints, Demetrius, Theodore and George, are depicted in the "Zoodochos Pigi" chapel in central Macedonia in Greece, in the prefecture of Kilkis, near the modern village of Kolchida, dated to the 9th or 10th century.The "dragon-slaying" motif develops in the 10th century, especially iconography seen in the Cappadocian cave churches of Göreme, where frescoes of the 10th century show military saints on horseback confronting serpents with one, two or three heads. In later medieval Byzantine iconography, the pair of horsemen is no longer identified as Theodore and George, but as George and Demetrius.
(Although some on the list remains unclassified as of 2019)
|Adrian of Nicomedia||Guards, soldiers; arms dealers[ citation needed ]|
|Andrew the General||c. 300||Cilicia|
|Demetrius of Thessaloniki||304||Sirmium|
|Barbara||Catholic, Russian Orthodox||Artillerymen, military engineers, missileers including those of the Strategic Rocket Forces, the Missile and Artillery Forces, and the Air Defense Forces, Space Forces.|
|Emeterius and Chelidonius||c. 300||Calagurris in Hispania Tarraconensis|
|Expeditus||c. 303||Melitene, Cappadocia|
|Florian||c. 303||Lauriacum in Noricum|
|George||c. 303||Nicomedia in Bithynia||Patronages|
|James the Great||Catholic||Knights and Cavalry|
|Joan of Arc||France||Catholic||Soldiers [ citation needed ]|
|Ignatius of Loyola||Catholic||Soldiers[ citation needed ]|
| Maurice and|
the Theban Legion
|287||Agaunum in Alpes Poeninae et Graiae|
|Martin of Tours||—||Soldiers (infantrymen)|
|Maximilian||295||Tebessa in Africa Proconsularis|
|Marcellus of Tangier||298||Tingis in Mauretania Tingitana|
|Menas||c. 309||Cotyaeum in Phrygia|
|Mercurius||250||Caesarea in Cappadocia|
|Michael the Archangel||Catholic||Military; paratroopers; policemen.|
|Our Lady of Mount Carmel||Catholic||Sailors|
|Our Lady of Loretto||Catholic||Airmen|
|Sebastian||Soldiers, infantrymen, archers, municipal police|
|Sergius and Bacchus||c. 305||Resafa and Barbalissus in Syria Euphratensis|
|Theodore of Amasea||306||Amasea in Helenopontus|
|Typasius the Veteran||304||Tigava in Mauretania Caesariensis|
|Victor the Moor||c. 303||Milan in Italy|
|Nicetas the Goth||372||Dacia|
|Forty Martyrs of Sebaste||320||Sebaste|
To be included above The Eastern Orthodox Church considers Demetrius of Thessaloniki, Theodore Stratelates, Theodore of Amasea, and John the Warrior to be the patron saints of the military.Saint Nicholas is the patron saint of the Russian navy; all naval cathedrals are dedicated to this saint. Finally Prophet Elijah is the patron Saint of the Hellenic Army Aviation Arm.
The Russian Orthodox Church has a number of patron saints associated with the military. Some of them are the same or similar to Catholic saints.
Barbara: missileers including those of the Strategic Rocket Forces, the Missile and Artillery Forces, and the Air Defense Forces, Space Forces.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to military saints .|
Saint George, also George of Lydda, was a soldier of Cappadocian Greek origins, member of the Praetorian Guard for Roman emperor Diocletian, who was sentenced to death for refusing to recant his Christian faith. He became one of the most venerated saints and megalo-martyrs in Christianity, and he has been especially venerated as a military saint since the Crusades.
The legend of Saint George and the Dragon tells of Saint George taming and slaying a dragon that demanded human sacrifices; the saint thereby rescues the princess chosen as the next offering. The narrative was first set in Cappadocia in the earliest sources of the 11th and 12th centuries, but transferred to Libya in the 13th-century Golden Legend.
Michael is an archangel in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. In Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, and Lutheran systems of faith, he is called "Saint Michael the Archangel" and "Saint Michael". In the Oriental Orthodox and Eastern Orthodox religions, he is called "Saint Michael the Taxiarch". In other Protestant churches, he is simply called "Archangel Michael".
Saint Demetrios of Thessaloniki is a Christian martyr of the early 4th century AD.
Saint Theodore of Amasea is one of the two recognized saints called Theodore who are venerated as warrior saints and Great Martyrs in the Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches. He is also known as Theodore Tyron. The other saint of the same name is Theodore Stratelates, also known as Theodore of Heraclea, but this second St Theodore may never have had a separate existence. When the epithet is omitted, the reference is usually to St Theodore of Amasea.
September 5 – Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar – September 7
June 17 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 19
August 16 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - August 18
October 1 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - October 3
Saint Jegudiel the Archangel also Jhudiel or Jehudiel is one of the seven Archangels in Eastern Orthodox tradition and in the eastern rites of the Catholic Church.
Christianity has used symbolism from its very beginnings. Each saint has a story and a reason why they led an exemplary life. Symbols have been used to tell these stories throughout the history of the Church. A number of Christian saints are traditionally represented by a symbol or iconic motif associated with their life, termed an attribute or emblem, in order to identify them. The study of these forms part of iconography in art history. They were particularly used so that the illiterate could recognize a scene, and to give each of the Saints something of a personality in art. They are often carried in the hand by the Saint.
January 26 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - January 28
Theodore Stratelates, also known as Theodore of Heraclea, is a martyr and Warrior Saint venerated with the title Great-martyr in the Eastern Orthodox Church, Eastern Catholic and Roman Catholic Churches and Oriental Orthodox Churches.
Saint George is one of Christianity's most popular saints, and is highly honored by both the Western and Eastern Churches. A wide range of devotions, traditions, and prayers to honor the saint have emerged throughout the centuries. He has for long been distinguished by the title of "The Great Martyr" and is one of the most popular saints to be represented in icons. Devotions to Saint George have a large following among Christians, and a large number of churches are dedicated to him worldwide.
Saint Michael the Archangel is referenced in the Old Testament and has been part of Christian teachings since the earliest times. In Catholic writings and traditions he acts as the defender of the Church and chief opponent of Satan, and assists persons at the hour of death.
The Michaelion was one of the earliest and most famous sanctuaries dedicated to Saint Michael the Archangel in the Roman Empire. According to tradition, it was built in the 4th century by Emperor Constantine the Great over an ancient pagan temple, and was located just north of Constantinople, in the village of Sosthenion on the European shore of the Bosphorus strait.
Archangel Michael may be depicted in Christian art alone or with other angels such as Gabriel or saints. Some depictions with Gabriel date back to the 8th century, e.g. the stone casket at Notre Dame de Mortain church in France. He is very often present in scenes of the Last Judgement, but few other specific scenes, so most images including him are devotional rather than narrative. The angel who rescues Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego from the "fiery furnace" in the Book of Daniel Chapter 3 is usually regarded in Christian tradition as Michael; this is sometimes represented in Early Christian art and Eastern Orthodox icons, but rarely in later art of the Western church.
The Diocese of Birobidzhan and Kuldur is a diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church, the centralized religious organization headed by Moscow Patriarchate. The diocese operates churches within the borders of the Jewish Autonomous Region which borders with the Republic of China on the south, Amur Oblast on the west and Khabarovsk Krai on the northeast.
Saint Theodore's Day is a religious holiday celebrated on the first Saturday of the Great Lent. On this day as well as on February 17, the Orthodox Church celebrates the memory of Theodore Tyron. Veneration of St. Theodor is witnessed since in the early centuries.