Women's Rugby League World Cup

Last updated
Women's Rugby League World Cup
Current season or competition:
Rugby football current event.svg 2021 Women's Rugby League World Cup
Sport Rugby league
Instituted2000
Number of teams8
RegionInternational (RLIF)
Holders Flag of Australia.svg Australia (2017, 2nd title)
Most titles Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand (3 titles)
Website
Broadcast partner Fox Sports, Nine Network, 7mate
Related competition Rugby League World Cup

The Women's Rugby League World Cup is an international Rugby league tournament for women to determine the best Rugby league playing nation in the world. It was first held in 2000 in Great Britain coinciding with the men's Rugby League World Cup. In 2008, it was contested in Australia as part of the Festival of World Cups.

Rugby league Full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field

Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field. One of the two codes of rugby, it originated in Northern England in 1895 as a split from the Rugby Football Union over the issue of payments to players. Its rules progressively changed with the aim of producing a faster, more entertaining game for spectators.

World Earth and all life upon it, including human civilization

The world is the planet Earth and all life on it, including human civilization. In a philosophical context, the "world" is the whole of the physical Universe, or an ontological world. In a theological context, the world is the material or the profane sphere, as opposed to the celestial, spiritual, transcendent or sacred spheres. "End of the world" scenarios refer to the end of human history, often in religious contexts.

Great Britain island in the North Atlantic off the north-west coast of continental Europe

Great Britain is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe. With an area of 209,331 km2 (80,823 sq mi), it is the largest of the British Isles, the largest European island, and the ninth-largest island in the world. In 2011, Great Britain had a population of about 61 million people, making it the world's third-most populous island after Java in Indonesia and Honshu in Japan. The island of Ireland is situated to the west of Great Britain, and together these islands, along with over 1,000 smaller surrounding islands, form the British Isles archipelago.

Contents

History

Women's Rugby League had been played in both Oceania and the United Kingdom for several years but it was not until 1985 in Britain and 1993 in Australia and New Zealand where female only organizations and governing bodies were established and while the Rugby Football League recognized the British women in 1985 it took another five years for the Australian Rugby League to officially recognize the Australian Women's Rugby League. New Zealand Women's Rugby League were officially recognized by the governing body New Zealand Rugby League Inc in 1995. This is partially the reason for no Women's World Cup being held until the year 2000 when these organizations collectively came together to organize it.

Oceania Geographic region comprising Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia

Oceania is a geographic region which includes Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Spanning the eastern and western hemispheres, Oceania covers an area of 8,525,989 square kilometres (3,291,903 sq mi) and has a population of 40 million. Situated in the southeast of the Asia-Pacific region, Oceania, when compared to continental regions, is the smallest in land area and the second smallest in population after Antarctica.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

In the 2005 World Cup tournament in New Zealand, teams from Australia, Great Britain, Tokelau, Tonga, Cook Islands, Niue, Samoa, New Zealand Maori and New Zealand competed for the title which was eventually taken out by the New Zealand Kiwi Ferns. New Zealand went through the tournament unbeaten with only four points against.

New Zealand Country in Oceania

New Zealand is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, and the South Island —and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal, and plant life. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.

The Tonga women's national rugby league team, also known as the Tonga, represents Tonga in Women's rugby league. They are administered by the Tonga National Rugby League.

The Cook Islands women's national rugby league team, also known as the Cook Islands Moana represents Cook Islands in Women's rugby league. The Cook Islands have qualified for, and will be competing in the 2017 Women's Rugby League World Cup.

In the 2008 World Cup tournament, in Australia, teams from, Australia, New Zealand, Great Britain, Samoa, Tonga, Pacific Islands, France and Russia participate in the tournament. At the completion of the 2008 World Cup the next official tournament will be held in 2013 and then held every four years after.

The 2008 Women's Rugby League World Cup was the third staging of the Women's Rugby League World Cup since its inauguration in 2000, and the first since the 2005 tournament. The tournament was held in Australia from 6 November, culminating in the final between Australia and New Zealand on 15 November. It was held at Stockland Park alongside the Police World Cup. Eight teams took part including defending champions New Zealand.

The France women's national rugby league team, also known as the Les Chanticleers or Les Tricolores, represents France in Women's rugby league. They are administered by the French Rugby League Federation.

New Zealand won the 2008 World Cup defeating Australia 34–0 at Suncorp Stadium Brisbane.

New Zealand have won the Women's Rugby League World Cup in 2000, 2005 and 2008 competitions.

Australia won the 2013 Women's Rugby League World Cup beating the New Zealand Kiwi Ferns 22–12 in the final.

Results

New Zealand have been the most successful team by far, winning 3 of the 4 world cups that have currently been staged. In two of the finals (2005, 2008) they would even prevent their opponents from scoring, with the 2005 final seeing a devastation of the New Zealand Maori team by 58 points.

In the first World Cup, the home nations competed as Great Britain just as they did in the men's equivalent tournament up to the expansion of the competition in 1995. Since then, England have competed in GB's place. The 2005 tournament is the only one that has not been run alongside the men's tournament, all of the others taking place at the same time and using some of the same stadiums. The 2017 final will be significant as it will be the first one to be played as a curtain-raiser to the men's final, this final taking place at Suncorp Stadium, Brisbane.

Brisbane capital city of Queensland, Australia

Brisbane is the capital of and the most populated city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia. Brisbane's metropolitan area has a population of approximately 2.5 million, and the South East Queensland metropolitan region, centred on Brisbane, encompasses a population of more than 3.6 million.

Tournaments

YearHostWinnerScoreRunner-upNumber
of teams
2000 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
26–4Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Great Britain
8
2005 Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
58–0Tino Rangatiratanga Maori sovereignty movement flag.svg
New Zealand Maori
8
2008 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
34–0Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
8
2013 Flag of England.svg  England Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
22–12Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
4
2017 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
23–16Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
6
2021 Flag of England.svg  England Future eventTBA
2025 Flag of the United States.svg  United States Future eventTBA

Performance by nation

TeamChampionsRunners-up
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 3 (2000, 2005, 2008)2 (2013, 2017)
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 2 (2013, 2017)1 (2008)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 1 (2000)
Tino Rangatiratanga Maori sovereignty movement flag.svg New Zealand Māori1 (2005)

Format

The tournament runs in much the say way as international world cups in other sports as well as the men's equivalent in rugby league. From 2000 to 2008, the 8 teams were split into 2 groups of 4 with the top 2 of each group progressing through semi-final and final rounds. In 2013, the number of teams was reduced to 4 and so there was only 1 group with no semi-final round, the top 2 teams playing a final game. 2017 will be the first time that a group of 4 does not take place, this due to the fact that 6 teams are taking part in the tournament. Instead, the teams will be split into 2 groups of 3 with teams playing an inter-group game so that they have still played 3 games as in previous tournaments. The semi-final round will be brought back for this tournament with the bottom team of each group being eliminated at the first stage.

Media coverage

Television coverage for the 2017 tournament is as follows:

CountryBroadcasterMatches
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Seven Network [1] All 12 matches live
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Sky Sport [2] All 12 matches live
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea EMTV [3] All 12 matches live

See also

Related Research Articles

2008 Rugby League World Cup

The 2008 Rugby League World Cup was the thirteenth staging of the Rugby League World Cup since its inauguration in 1954, and the first since the 2000 tournament. The tournament was held in Australia from 26 October, culminating in the final between Australia and New Zealand on 22 November.

Churchill Cup

The Churchill Cup was an annual rugby union tournament, held in June, contested by representative men's teams from Canada, England, the United States, and other invited teams from a wide array of countries.

The New Zealand national rugby league team has represented New Zealand in rugby league since 1907. Administered by the New Zealand Rugby League, they are commonly known as the Kiwis, after the native bird of that name. The team's colour's are majority black with white and the players perform a haka before every match they play as a challenge to their opponents. The New Zealand Kiwis are currently third in the RLIF World Rankings. Since the 1980s, most New Zealand representatives have been based overseas, in the professional National Rugby League and Super League competitions. Before that players were selected entirely from clubs in domestic New Zealand leagues.

The 1999 Rugby League Tri-Nations series was contested by Australia, Great Britain and New Zealand in 1999. It was the first multi-national rugby league tournament to feature the sport's three world powers since the 1989-92 World Cup. Co-hosts Australia and New Zealand played in the final, which was narrowly won by the Kangaroos. Great Britain didn't win a game of the tournament.

Tonga national rugby league team Tonga national rugby league team

The Tonga national rugby league team represents Tonga in rugby league football. They are currently the 4th ranked team in the world, and the highest ranked tier-two nation. The team was formed to compete in the 1986 Pacific Cup, and have competed at five Rugby League World Cups, starting in 1995 and continuing consecutively until the most recent tournament in 2017, where they achieved their best ever result as semi-finalists.

Samoa national rugby league team rugby league team that represents Samoa in rugby league football

The Samoa national rugby league team represents Samoa in rugby league football and has been participating in international competition since 1986. Known as Western Samoa prior to 1997, the team is administered by Rugby League Samoa and are nicknamed Toa Samoa.

The 2004 Pacific Rim Championship and the 2004 Pacific Cup was the 9th Pacific Cup, a rugby league tournament held between Pacific teams. The tournament was hosted in Auckland and for the first time split into two competitions; The Pacific Rim Championship between national teams and the Pacific Cup between Auckland-based selections. In the final of the Pacific Rim competition the Cook Islands defeated New Zealand Māori 46-6 while Samoa XIII defeated Tonga XIII 52–18 to win the Pacific Cup.

Simon Mannering New Zealand rugby league player

Simon Alexander Mannering is a New Zealand former professional rugby league footballer who played for the New Zealand Warriors in the NRL. A New Zealand international representative second row forward, who could also play as a centre. He was appointed the New Zealand national team's captain in 2013 and was replaced by Jesse Bromwich in 2016 and was part of the 2008 World Cup-winning Kiwis team. Mannering was a one-club player who played his whole NRL career with the Warriors. With 301 appearances for the Warriors, Mannering is the club's most capped player.

Frank Pritchard Australian rugby league player

Frank Semu Pritchard, nicknamed Frank the Tank is a former professional rugby league footballer who played in the 2000s and 2010s. A New Zealand and Samoa international representative second-row forward, he played in the National Rugby League for Sydney clubs the Penrith Panthers, Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs and the Parramatta Eels. Pritchard also played in the Super League for English club Hull FC.

Women's Rugby League is the female-only version of the game rugby league football. There are currently clubs for female only participation running in Australia, Great Britain and New Zealand which are overseen by the various individual organisations of those separate countries and internationally by the Women & Girls Rugby League.

Jason Nightingale Australian rugby league player

Jason Nightingale is a former New Zealand international rugby league footballer who played for the St. George Illawarra Dragons in the NRL. He primarily played on the wing, but off the bench he’s played fullback, centre, lock, second row and even prop. Nightingale spent his entire career with the Dragons, with whom he won the 2010 NRL Premiership. Nightingale was also a member of the New Zealand national rugby league team team that beat Australia in the 2008 Rugby League World Cup Final.

Rugby League World Cup international rugby league football tournament

The Rugby League World Cup is an international rugby league tournament, contested by national teams of the Rugby League International Federation, which was first held in France in 1954, the first World Cup in either rugby code. The idea of a rugby league world cup tournament was first mooted in the 1930s with the French proposal to hold a tournament in 1931, and again in 1951. The fifteen tournaments held to date have been at intervals ranging from two to eight years, and have featured a number of formats. So far three nations have won the competition. Australia, France and New Zealand are the only teams to have played in all tournaments. Since 2000, the RLIF has also organised World Cups for women, students and other categories. The 2017 Rugby League World Cup was held in Australia, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea which was won by Australia.

Sika Manu New Zealand rugby league player

Viliami Sikalamu "Sika" Manu is a professional rugby league footballer who plays as a second-row forward for Hull F.C. in the Super League. He previously played for the Melbourne Storm and the Penrith Panthers in the National Rugby League. He was also a member of the World Cup winning New Zealand team who beat Australia in the 2008 World Cup Final.

2008 Festival of World Cups series of rugby league World Cups

The Festival of World Cups was a series of rugby league World Cups held in Australia during 2008. The Festival was being staged in Australia during 2008 to coincide with their Centenary of Rugby League celebrations. The centrepiece of the Festival was the men's 2008 Rugby League World Cup. In addition to this tournament, there were also world cups being held for University, Police, Women, Defence and Wheelchair teams.

2017 Rugby League World Cup

The 2017 Rugby League World Cup was the fifteenth staging of the Rugby League World Cup tournament and took place in Australia, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea between 27 October and 2 December 2017. The tournament featured the national teams of 14 Rugby League International Federation member countries who qualified through either standing in the previous tournament or a series of qualification play-off matches. In the final, defending champions Australia, playing in their 14th consecutive final, defeated England at Brisbane's Lang Park.

The 2013 Rugby League World Cup final was the conclusive game of the 2013 Rugby League World Cup tournament and was played between New Zealand and Australia on November 30, 2013 at Old Trafford, Manchester, England. Australia won the final by 34 points to 2 in front of a sell-out crowd, finishing the tournament undefeated. They reclaimed the cup from New Zealand, who had defeated them in the 2008 final. The Kangaroos won the Rugby League World Cup for the tenth time, and the first time since 2000. Their five-eighth, Johnathan Thurston was named man-of-the-match.

The 2005 Women's Rugby League World Cup was the second staging of the Women's Rugby League World Cup. The tournament was held in New Zealand from 26 October, culminating in the final between Australia and New Zealand on 22 November. It was held at Eden Park. Eight teams took part including Australia, Great Britain, Tokelau, Tonga, Cook Islands, Niue, Samoa, New Zealand Maori and New Zealand.

Jazz Tevaga

Jazz Iosefa Tevaga is a Samoan international rugby league footballer who plays as a hooker for the New Zealand Warriors in the NRL. He has represented Samoa in the rugby league world cup.

2019 Oceania Cup (rugby league)

The 2019 Oceania Cup is a current international rugby league tournament between countries of the Oceania region. The competition began in June and will be contested by six teams.

References

  1. Eoin Connolly (8 April 2016). "Channel Seven wins Rugby League World Cup TV rights". Sportspromedia.com. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
  2. "SKY SPORT SECURES BROADCAST RIGHTS TO WOMEN'S RUGBY LEAGUE WORLD CUP 2017". rlwc2017.com. 18 May 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  3. "EMTV SECURES BROADCAST RIGHTS TO WOMEN'S RUGBY LEAGUE WORLD CUP 2017". rlwc2017.com. 19 May 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017.