Women's Rugby League World Cup

Last updated
Women's Rugby League World Cup
Current season or competition:
Rugby football current event.svg 2021 Women's Rugby League World Cup
Sport Rugby league
Instituted2000
Number of teams8
RegionInternational (RLIF)
Holders Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia (2017)
Most titles Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand (3 titles)
Website
Broadcast partner Fox Sports, Nine Network, 7mate
Related competition Rugby League World Cup

The Women's Rugby League World Cup is an international rugby league tournament, contested by the women's national team of the Rugby League International Federation (RLIF). The competition has been held since 2000 in Great Britain and since 2008 has been part of the Festival of World Cups. Under the current format, eight teams are separated into two groups of four with the top two qualifying for the semis.

Rugby league Full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field

Rugby league is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field measuring 68 m wide and 112–122 m long. One of the two codes of rugby football, it originated in Northern England in 1895 as a split from the Rugby Football Union over the issue of payments to players. Its rules progressively changed with the aim of producing a faster, more entertaining game for spectators.

The Festival of World Cups is a collection of Rugby League World Cups. First held in 2008, the festival includes the centerpiece Men's event as well as events for women, police, armed forces, student and wheelchair teams.

Contents

Throughout the five editions, the Women's Rugby League World Cup has been won by two teams. New Zealand has won three times while Australia has won the title twice including the most recent one (2017).

The New Zealand women's national rugby league team, also known as the Kiwi Ferns or New Zealand Kiwi Ferns, represents New Zealand in Women's rugby league. They are administered by the New Zealand Rugby League.

The Australia women's national rugby league team, also known as the Australian Jillaroos, or Harvey Norman Jillaroos for sponsorship reasons, represents Australia in women's rugby league. They are administered by the Australian Rugby League Commission and Australian Women's Rugby League.

The 2017 Women's Rugby League World Cup was the fifth staging of the Women's Rugby League World Cup and was held in Australia between 16 November and 2 December 2017. Pool and semi-final matches was held at Southern Cross Group Stadium in Sydney, with the final held at Brisbane Stadium. The final was played as a double-header with the men's final.

History

Background

Women's Rugby League had been played in both Oceania and the United Kingdom for several years but it was not until 1985 in Britain and 1993 in Australia and New Zealand where female only organizations and governing bodies were established and while the Rugby Football League recognized the British women in 1985 it took another five years for the Australian Rugby League to officially recognize the Australian Women's Rugby League. New Zealand Women's Rugby League were officially recognized by the governing body New Zealand Rugby League Inc in 1995. This is partially the reason for no Women's World Cup being held until the year 2000 when these organizations collectively came together to organize it.

Oceania Geographic region comprising Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia

Oceania is a geographic region that includes Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Spanning the eastern and western hemispheres, Oceania has a land area of 8,525,989 square kilometres (3,291,903 sq mi) and a population of 40 million. Situated in the southeast of the Asia-Pacific region, Oceania, when compared to continental regions, is the smallest in land area and the second smallest in population after Antarctica.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north­western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north­eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea separates Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

Rugby Football League governing body for professional rugby league football in England

The Rugby Football League is the governing body for professional rugby league in England. The name Rugby Football League previously also referred to the main league competition run by the organisation. This has since been supplanted by Super League, the Championship and League 1.

Tournaments

The 2000 World Cup was held at Stockland Park, Australia. The final was contested between Great Britain and New Zealand with New Zealand being crowned champions by a score of 26-4.

The 2000 Women's Rugby League World Cup was the first staging of the Women's Rugby League World Cup. The tournament was held in Great Britain from 26 October, culminating in the final between Australia and New Zealand on 22 November. It was held at Stockland Park. Eight teams took part including.

Sunshine Coast Stadium

Sunshine Coast Stadium is a multi-sport venue located at Kawana Waters on the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia. The stadium is the main venue in a sporting precinct that also includes seven fields.

The 2005 World Cup was held at Eden Park, New Zealand and was contested by teams from Australia, Great Britain, Tokelau, Tonga, Cook Islands, Niue, Samoa, New Zealand Maori and New Zealand. New Zealand would eventually win the competition, beating New Zealand Maori by a score of 58-0. New Zealand went through the tournament unbeaten with only four points scored against them.

The 2005 Women's Rugby League World Cup was the second staging of the Women's Rugby League World Cup. The tournament was held in New Zealand from 26 October, culminating in the final between Australia and New Zealand on 22 November. It was held at Eden Park. Eight teams took part including Australia, Great Britain, Tokelau, Tonga, Cook Islands, Niue, Samoa, New Zealand Maori and New Zealand.

Eden Park Sports stadium in New Zealand

Eden Park is New Zealand's largest sports stadium. Located in central Auckland, New Zealand's largest city, it is three kilometres southwest of the CBD, on the boundary between the suburbs of Mount Eden and Kingsland. Although used primarily for rugby union in winter and cricket in summer, it has hosted rugby league and football matches. In 2011 it hosted pool games, two quarter-finals, both semi-finals and the final of 2011 Rugby World Cup. In doing so it became the first stadium in the world to host two Rugby World Cup Finals, having held the inaugural final in 1987. It was a venue for the 2015 Cricket World Cup, which was jointly hosted by Australia and New Zealand. Eden Park is considered one of rugby union's most difficult assignments for visiting sides: New Zealand's national rugby union team, the All Blacks, have been unbeaten at this venue for over 40 consecutive test matches stretching back to 1994. Eden Park is the site of the 2021 Te Matatini.

The Tonga women's national rugby league team, also known as the Tonga, represents Tonga in Women's rugby league. They are administered by the Tonga National Rugby League.

The 2008 World Cup was held in Australia. Teams from Australia, New Zealand, England, Samoa, Tonga, Pacific Islands, France and Russia participated in the tournament. This was the first tournament in which Great Britain didn't participate, their place being taken by England. It was also the first tournament to feature more than one team from Europe with France and Russia. To date, this is the only tournament that Russia has participated in. New Zealand won the 2008 World Cup defeating Australia 34–0 at Suncorp Stadium Brisbane. Up to this point, New Zealand had won all three world cups that had been held.

The 2008 Women's Rugby League World Cup was the third staging of the Women's Rugby League World Cup since its inauguration in 2000, and the first since the 2005 tournament. The tournament was held in Australia from 6 November, culminating in the final between Australia and New Zealand on 15 November. It was held at Stockland Park alongside the Police World Cup. Eight teams took part including defending champions New Zealand.

The France women's national rugby league team, also known as the Les Chanticleers or Les Tricolores, represents France in Women's rugby league. They are administered by the French Rugby League Federation.

The 2013 World Cup was held in England with all four venues being in the county of West Yorkshire. For the tournament, the number of teams was reduced from eight to just four with Australia, New Zealand, England and France taking part. France performed particularly poorly in the competition, conceding 202 points in their three games and scoring just 4. The final was held at Headingley Stadium, Leeds and was contested by Australia and New Zealand. Australia won by a score of 22-12 to win their first world cup.

The 2017 World Cup was held in Australia. The number of teams was increased from the previous tournament to 6. Despite taking part in the previous two tournaments, France did not feature, making England to sole representative of Europe. For the first time in the tournament's history, Canada would take part thus becoming the first team from North America to feature. Canada performed well, beating Papua New Guinea and reaching the semi-finals, eventually losing 58-6 to Australia. For the first time, the final was held as a double-header with the men's World Cup final with Australia defending their title by beating New Zealand by a score of 23-16.

Future

On 18 July 2019, the teams for the 2021 World Cup were announced with the tournament being expanded once again to 8 teams. The tournament will be played alongside the men's and wheelchair competitions and will take place in England. Teams from England, France, Australia, New Zealand, Cook Islands, Papua New Guinea, Canada and Brazil will take part. For the first time, teams from 4 different continents will play in the competition. The inclusion of Brazil means a team from South America will take part in for the first time in any Rugby League World Cup. The opening ceremony will take place at Anfield, Liverpool on the same day as a Men's World Cup semi-final.

Results

New Zealand have been the most successful team in the tournaments history, winning 3 of the 5 World Cups that have been staged. In two of the finals (2005, 2008) they would even prevent their opponents from scoring, with the 2005 final seeing a devastation of the New Zealand Maori team by 58 points.

In the first two World Cups, the home nations competed as Great Britain just as they did in the men's equivalent tournament up to the expansion of the competition in 1995. Since then, England have competed in GB's place. The 2005 tournament is the only one that has not been run alongside the men's tournament, all of the others taking place at the same time and using some of the same stadiums. The 2017 final was significant in that it was the first final to be played as a curtain-raiser to the men's final, this final taking place at Suncorp Stadium, Brisbane.

Tournaments

YearHostWinnerScoreRunner-upNumber
of teams
2000 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
26–4Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
Great Britain
8
2005 Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
58–0Tino Rangatiratanga Maori sovereignty movement flag.svg
New Zealand Maori
8
2008 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
34–0Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
8
2013 Flag of England.svg  England Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
22–12Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
4
2017 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
23–16Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand
6
2021 Flag of England.svg  England Future event8
2025 Flag of the United States.svg  United States Future eventTBA

Performance by nation

TeamChampionsRunners-up
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 3 (2000, 2005, 2008)2 (2013, 2017)
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 2 (2013, 2017)1 (2008)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 1 (2000)
Tino Rangatiratanga Maori sovereignty movement flag.svg New Zealand Māori 1 (2005)

Format

From 2000 to 2008, the eight teams was split into two groups of four with the top two of each group progressing through semi-final and final rounds. The 2013 tournament saw a change in the format with the reductions of teams to four meant that there was only one group with the top two qualifying for the final. The following edition saw the return to a two-group format with the six teams being separated in two groups of three with an inter-group game so that they have still played three games as in previous tournaments. The semi-final round will be brought back for this tournament with the bottom team of each group being eliminated at the first stage.

Media coverage

Television coverage for the 2017 tournament is as follows:

CountryBroadcasterMatches
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Seven Network [1] All 12 matches live
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Sky Sport [2] All 12 matches live
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea EMTV [3] All 12 matches live

See also

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References

  1. Eoin Connolly (8 April 2016). "Channel Seven wins Rugby League World Cup TV rights". Sportspromedia.com. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
  2. "SKY SPORT SECURES BROADCAST RIGHTS TO WOMEN'S RUGBY LEAGUE WORLD CUP 2017". rlwc2017.com. 18 May 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  3. "EMTV SECURES BROADCAST RIGHTS TO WOMEN'S RUGBY LEAGUE WORLD CUP 2017". rlwc2017.com. 19 May 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2017.