Pax Christi

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Pax Christi International is an international Catholic Christian peace movement. The Pax Christi International website declares its mission is "to transform a world shaken by violence, terrorism, deepening inequalities, and global insecurity." [1]

Catholic peace traditions

Catholic peace traditions begin with its biblical and classical origins to the current practice in the 21st century. Because of its long history and breadth of geographical and cultural diversity, this Catholic tradition encompasses many strains and influences of both religious and secular peacemaking and many aspects of Christian pacifism, just war and nonviolence.

Contents

Pax Christi International Logo Pax Christi International logo.jpg
Pax Christi International Logo

History

Pax Christi protesting the U.S. invasion of Iraq. (Washington, D.C., March, 2008). Pax Christi supporting peace and protesting war.jpg
Pax Christi protesting the U.S. invasion of Iraq. (Washington, D.C., March, 2008).

Pax Christi (Latin for Peace of Christ) was established in France in 1945 through the inspiration of Marthe Dortel-Claudot and Bishop Pierre-Marie Théas. Both were French citizens interested in reconciliation between French and German citizens in the aftermath of World War II. [2] Some of the first actions of Pax Christi were the organisation of peace pilgrimages and other actions fostering reconciliation between France and Germany. Although Pax Christi initially began as a movement for French-German reconciliation, it expanded its focus and spread to other European countries in the 1950s. It grew as “a crusade of prayer for peace among all nations.” [3]

France Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.0 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

Pax Christi was recognized as “the official international Catholic peace movement” by Pope Pius XII in 1952. [4]

It also had chapters in the United States. In the 1960s, it became involved in Mississippi in organizing economic boycotts of businesses that discriminated against blacks, in an effort to support protesters in the civil rights movement, who were trying to end discrimination in facilities and employment. It was active in Greenwood, Mississippi, among other places.

Greenwood, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Greenwood is a city in and the county seat of Leflore County, Mississippi, located at the eastern edge of the Mississippi Delta, approximately 96 miles north of the state capital, Jackson, Mississippi, and 130 miles south of the riverport of Memphis, Tennessee. It was a center of cotton planter culture in the 19th century.

In 1983, Pax Christi International was awarded the UNESCO Peace Education Prize. [5]

The UNESCO Prize for Peace Education has been awarded annually since 1981. The main goal of UNESCO education price is to encourange excellent effort in the drive to reach a better quality education. The prize is endowed up to 60 000 US dollars and honours extraordinary activities for peace education in the spirit of the UNESCO constitution.

The Pax Christi network membership is made up of 18 national sections and 115 Member Organizations working in over 50 countries.[ citation needed ]

Peace work

Pax Christi focuses on five main issues: human rights, human security, disarmament and demilitarisation, just world order, and religion and peace. [6]

Organization

Pax Christi is made up of national sections of the movement, affiliated organizations and partner organizations. Its International Secretariat is in Brussels. Pax Christi has consultative status as a non-governmental organization at the United Nations. [7]

International Presidents of Pax Christi

In 2007, a co-presidency was created, a bishop and a lay woman. [8]

See also

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References

  1. "Why Pax Christi - Pax Christi". www.paxchristi.net.
  2. "History - Pax Christi". paxchristi.net.
  3. Pogorelc, Anthony J., Encyclopedia of American Religion and Politics, 2003, Pg. 317
  4. Dennis, Marie, “Pax Christi International” Archived 2014-03-04 at the Wayback Machine , CMSM Forum, Summer 2008
  5. "Unesco Prize for Peace Education". Unesco. 9 March 1983 via Google Books.
  6. "Our Work - Pax Christi". www.paxchristi.net.
  7. "Our History". 1 January 2011.
  8. "History - Pax Christi". www.paxchristi.net.

Further reading