|Administrator||International Cricket Council|
|First edition|| 1973 |
|Latest edition|| 2017 |
|Next edition|| 2021 |
|Number of teams||(see list below)|
The ICC Women's Cricket World Cup is the sport's oldest world championship, with the first tournament held in England in 1973. Matches are played as One Day Internationals (ODIs) over 50 overs, while there is also another championship for Twenty20 International cricket, the ICC Women's T20 World Cup.
A world championship is generally an international competition open to elite competitors from around the world, representing their nations, and winning such an event will be considered the highest or near highest achievement in the sport, game, or ability.
The 1973 Women's Cricket World Cup was the first tournament of its kind, held two years before the first limited overs World Cup for men in 1975. The competition was won by the hosts, England. The competition was the brainchild of businessman Sir Jack Hayward, who contributed £40,000 towards its costs.
Women's One Day International (WODI) is the limited overs form of women's cricket. Matches are scheduled for 50 overs, equivalent to the men's game. The first women's ODIs were played in 1973, as part of the first Women's World Cup which was held in England. The first ODI saw the hosts beat an International XI. The 1,000th women's ODI took place between South Africa and New Zealand on 13 October 2016.
The World Cup is currently organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC). Until 2005, when the two organisations merged, it was administered by a separate body, the International Women's Cricket Council (IWCC). The first World Cup was held in England in 1973, two years before the inaugural men's tournament. The event's early years were marked by funding difficulties, which meant several teams had to decline invitations to compete and caused gaps of up to six years between tournaments. However, since 2005 World Cups have been hosted at regular four-year intervals.
The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the global governing body of cricket. It was founded as the Imperial Cricket Conference in 1909 by representatives from Australia, England and South Africa. It was renamed as the International Cricket Conference in 1965, and took up its current name in 1989. It organises world championship events such as Cricket World Cup, Women's Cricket World Cup, ICC T20 World Cup, ICC Women's T20 World Cup, ICC Champions Trophy and Under-19 Cricket World Cup.
The International Women's Cricket Council was formed in February 1958 by the women's cricket associations of Australia, England, the Netherlands, New Zealand and South Africa to organise international matches between the countries.
The 1975 Cricket World Cup was the first edition of the Cricket World Cup, organised by the International Cricket Conference (ICC) and was the first major limited overs One Day International (ODI) cricket tournament to be held. It was held from 7 to 21 June 1975 in England.
The eleven World Cups played to date have been held in five countries, with India and England having hosted the event three times. The number of teams has been fixed at eight since the 2000 event, with the preceding tournament in 1997 having been contested by a record eleven teams, the most to date. Australia are the most successful team, having won six titles and failed to make the final on only three occasions. England (four titles) and New Zealand (one title) are the only other teams to have won the event, while India (twice) and the West Indies (once) have each reached the final without going on to win.
The 2000 CricInfo Women's Cricket World Cup was an international cricket tournament played in New Zealand from 29 November to 23 December 2000. It was the seventh edition of the Women's Cricket World Cup, and the second to be hosted by New Zealand, after the 1982 tournament.
The 1997 Women's Cricket World Cup, known also as the Hero Honda Women's World Cup, was that year's World Cup in Women's One-day International cricket, and was held in India. With 32 matches between a record 11 teams across 25 cricket grounds, England, Australia, New Zealand and India reached the semi-finals, with Australia and New Zealand progressing to the final match, which was played on 29 December 1997. Australia defeated New Zealand in front of 80,000 spectators to win their 4th championship title.
The Australian women's national cricket team represent Australia in international women's cricket. They were nicknamed Southern Stars, but in 2017 this name was dropped and are now known only as the Australian women's cricket team in an attempt to promote gender equality with the men, who have no nickname for their team.
Women's international cricket was first played in 1934, when a party from England toured Australia and New Zealand. The first Test match was played on 28–31 December 1934, and was won by England.The first Test against New Zealand followed early the following year. These three nations remained the only Test playing teams in women's cricket until 1960, when South Africa played a number of matches against England. Limited overs cricket was first played by first-class teams in England in 1962. Nine years later, the first international one day match was played in men's cricket, when England took on Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.
Women's Test cricket is the longest format of women's cricket and is the female equivalent to men's Test cricket. Matches comprise four-innings and are held over a maximum of four days between two of the leading cricketing nations. The rules governing the format differ little from those for the men's game, with differences generally being technicalities surrounding umpiring and field size. Far fewer women's Test matches are played each year than women's One Day Internationals, with the international calendar revolving around the shorter format of the game. The first women's Test match was played by England women and Australia women in December 1934, a three-day contest held in Brisbane which England won by nine wickets.
Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket in which a match is generally completed in one day, which includes List A cricket and Twenty20 cricket. The name reflects the rule that in the match each team bowls a set maximum number of overs, usually between 20 and 50, although shorter and longer forms of limited overs cricket have been played.
First-class cricket is an official classification of the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket. A first-class match is of three or more days' scheduled duration between two sides of eleven players each and is officially adjudged to be worthy of the status by virtue of the standard of the competing teams. Matches must allow for the teams to play two innings each although, in practice, a team might play only one innings or none at all.
Talks began in 1971 about holding a World Cup for women's cricket, led by Jack Hayward.South Africa, under pressure from the world for their apartheid laws, were not invited to take part in the competition. Both of the other two Test playing nations, Australia and New Zealand were invited. Hayward had previously organised tours of the West Indies by England women, and it was from this region that the other two competing nations were drawn; Jamaica and Trinidad & Tobago. To make up the numbers, England also fielded a "Young England" team, and an "International XI" was also included. Five South Africans were invited to play for the International XI as a means of compensation for the team not being invited, but these invitations were later withdrawn.
Sir Jack Arnold Hayward was an English businessman, property developer, philanthropist and president of English football club Wolverhampton Wanderers.
The Young England women's cricket team was a team that played in the 1973 Women's Cricket World Cup. They were an Under 25 side, playing in addition to the senior England team. They finished last in the seven team tournament, their only win coming against the International XI.
The International XI women's cricket team was a team that took part in two Women's Cricket World Cups. They were essentially a "best of the rest" team, including players not selected by their own countries. They took part in the 1973 Women's Cricket World Cup, finishing in fourth place, and returned for the 1982 tournament, finishing in last place. Their overall record in ODIs was played 18, won 3, lost 14, with one no result.
The inaugural tournament was held at a variety of venues across England in June and July 1973,two years before the first men's Cricket World Cup was played. The competition was played as a round-robin tournament, and the last scheduled match was England against Australia. Australia went into the game leading the table by a solitary point: they had won four matches and had one abandoned. England had also won four matches, but they had lost to New Zealand. As a result, the match also served as a de facto final for the competition. England won the match, held at Edgbaston, Birmingham by 92 runs to win the tournament.
The ICC Cricket World Cup is the international championship of One Day International (ODI) cricket. The event is organised by the sport's governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), every four years, with first qualification rounds leading up to a semifinals and then finals tournament. The tournament is one of the world's most viewed sporting events and is considered the "flagship event of the international cricket calendar" by the ICC.
Edgbaston Cricket Ground, also known as the County Ground or Edgbaston Stadium, is a cricket ground in the Edgbaston area of Birmingham, England. It is home to Warwickshire County Cricket Club, and is also used for Test matches, One-Day Internationals and Twenty20 Internationals. Edgbaston has also hosted the T20 Finals Day more than any other cricket ground.
|England won on points|
|Australia won on points|
152/7 (59 overs)
|Australia won by 3 wickets|
151/5 (60 overs)
129/2 (44.5 overs)
|Australia won by 8 wickets|
127/7 (60 overs)
195/5 (60 overs)
|England won by 67 runs|
128 (55.1 overs)
165/5 (47.4 overs)
|Australia won by 5 wickets|
164 (49.3 overs)
184 (48.4 overs)
|New Zealand won by 4 runs|
180 (49.1 overs)
215/4 (50 overs)
|Australia won by 98 runs|
117 (46 overs)
167/6 (46.1 overs)
|England won by 4 wickets|
166 (47.2 overs)
259/7 (50 overs)
|Australia won by 114 runs|
145 (43.1 overs)
228/7 (50 overs)
|England won by 9 runs|
219 (48.4 overs)
Thirteen nations have qualified for the Women's Cricket World Cup at least once (excluding qualification tournaments). Five teams have competed in every finals tournament, three of which have won the title.
†No longer exists.
The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams over past World Cups, as of the end of group stage of the 2017 tournament. Teams are sorted by best performance, then by appearances, total number of wins, total number of games, and alphabetical order respectively.
|11||1973||2017||Champions(1978, 1982, 1988, 1997, 2005, 2013)||84||70||11||1||2||85.47|
|11||1973||2017||Champions(1973, 1993, 2009, 2017)||83||57||23||2||1||75.04|
|2||1973||1982||First Round(1973, 1982)||18||3||14||0||1||16.66|
|2||1993||1997||First Round(1993, 1997)||13||2||11||0||0||15.38|
†No longer exists.
|1988||336 Runs/12 Wickets|
|1993||38 (33) / 1/28 (9)|
|World Cup records|
|Most runs||Debbie Hockley||1,501||1982–2000|
|Highest average (min. 10 innings)||Karen Rolton||74.92||1997–2009|
|Highest score||Belinda Clark||229 *||1997|
|Highest partnership||Tammy Beaumont & Sarah Taylor||275||2017|
|Most runs in a tournament||Debbie Hockley||456||1997|
|Most wickets||Lyn Fullston||39||1982–1988|
|Lowest average (min. 500 balls bowled)||Katrina Keenan||9.72||1997–2000|
|Best bowling figures||Jackie Lord||6/10||1982|
|Most wickets in a tournament||Lyn Fullston||23||1982|
|Most dismissals (wicket-keeper)||Jane Smit||40||1993–2005|
|Most catches (fielder)||Janette Brittin||19||1982–1997|
|Highest win %||85.97|
The Sri Lanka national men's cricket team, nicknamed The Lions, represents Sri Lanka in international cricket. It is a Full Member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) with Test, One-Day International (ODI) and T20 International (T20I) status. The team first played international cricket in 1926–27, and were later awarded Test status in 1982, which made Sri Lanka the eighth Test cricket playing nation. The team is administered by Sri Lanka Cricket.
The South African national cricket team also known as Proteas, is administered by Cricket South Africa. South Africa is a full member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) with Test, One-Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 International (T20I) status.
Twenty20 cricket or Twenty-20, is a shortened format of cricket. At the professional level, it was originally introduced by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) in 2003 for the inter-county competition. In a Twenty20 game the two teams have a single innings each, which is restricted to a maximum of 20 overs. Together with first-class and List A cricket, Twenty20 is one of the three current forms of cricket recognised by the International Cricket Council (ICC) as being at the highest international or domestic level. A typical Twenty20 game is completed in about three hours, with each innings lasting around 90 minutes and an official 10 minute break between the innings. This is much shorter than previous forms of the game, and is closer to the timespan of other popular team sports. It was introduced to create a fast-paced game which would be attractive to spectators at the ground and viewers on television.
Kumar Chokshanada Sangakkara is a cricket commentator, former cricketer and captain of the Sri Lankan national team. He is regarded as one of the great batsmen. and has been described as one of the "most polished and prudent of batsmen" in cricket. Sangakkara scored 28,016 runs in international cricket across all formats in a career that spanned 15 years. Sangakkara's partnership with Mahela Jayawardene holds the current batting partnership record in Test cricket. and the most wicket keeping dismissals in ODI cricket
The Kenya national cricket team represents the Republic of Kenya in international cricket. Kenya is an associate member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) which has Twenty20 International (T20I) status after the ICC granted T20I status to all of their members.
The Nepal national cricket team nicknamed The Rhinos and Gorkhalis, represents the country of Nepal in the international cricket and is governed by the Cricket Association of Nepal (CAN). They have been an Associate Member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) since 1996. Nepal were awarded Twenty20 International (T20I) status by the ICC in June 2014 until the 2015 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. On 15 March 2018, Nepal gained One Day International (ODI) status for the first time, after winning the first playoff match in the 2018 Cricket World Cup Qualifier.
The Scotland national cricket team represents the country of Scotland. They play their home matches at The Grange, Edinburgh, and also some other venues.
The South Africa women's national cricket team, nicknamed the Proteas, represents South Africa in international women's cricket. One of eight teams competing in the ICC Women's Championship, the team is organised by Cricket South Africa (CSA), a full member of the International Cricket Council (ICC).
The Cayman Islands national cricket team is the team that represents the British overseas territory of the Cayman Islands in international cricket. The team is organised by the Cayman Islands Cricket Association, which has been an associate member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) since 2002, having previously been an affiliate member since 1997.
Abraham Benjamin de Villiers, commonly known as AB de Villiers, is a former international cricketer who has captained South African cricket team across all three formats. He was named as the ICC ODI Player of the Year three times during his 15-year international career. He is regarded as one of the greatest batsmen of all time and he is known for his versatility in short selection.
Rachael Heyhoe Flint, Baroness Heyhoe Flint, was an English cricketer, businesswoman and philanthropist. She was best known for being captain of England from 1966 to 1978, and was unbeaten in six Test series: in total, she played for the English women's cricket team from 1960 to 1982. Heyhoe Flint was captain when her team won the inaugural 1973 Women's Cricket World Cup, which England hosted. She was also the first female cricketer to hit a six in a Test match, and one of the first ten women to become a member of the MCC.
The Papua New Guinea national cricket team, nicknamed the Barramundis, is the team that represents the country of Papua New Guinea in international cricket. The team is organised by Cricket PNG, which has been an Associate Member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) since 1973. Papua New Guinea previously had One-Day International (ODI) status, which it gained by finishing fourth in 2014 World Cup Qualifier. Papua New Guinea lost both their ODI and T20I status in March 2018 after losing a playoff match against Nepal during the 2018 Cricket World Cup Qualifier, a result that earned ODI and T20I status for their opponents. On 26 April 2019, at the final World Cricket League 2 fixture; PNG defeated Oman to finish at the fourth position and reclaim their ODI status.
The West Indies cricket team is a multi-national men's cricket team representing the Anglophone Caribbean region and administered by Cricket West Indies. The players on this composite team are selected from a chain of fifteen Caribbean territories, which are parts of several different countries and dependencies. As of 24 June 2018, the West Indies cricket team is ranked ninth in the world in Tests, ninth in One-Day Internationals (ODIs) and seventh in Twenty20 Internationals (T20Is) in the official International Cricket Council (ICC) rankings.
The ICC T20 World Cup is the international championship of Twenty20 International cricket. Organised by cricket's governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), the tournament currently consists of 16 teams, comprising the top ten teams from the rankings at the given deadline and six other teams chosen through the T20 World Cup Qualifier. All matches are played as Twenty20 Internationals.
Smriti Shriniwas Mandhana is an Indian cricketer who plays for the Indian women's national team. In June 2018, the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) named her as the Best Women's International Cricketer. In December 2018, the International Cricket Council (ICC) awarded her with the Rachael Heyhoe-Flint Award for the best female cricketer of the year. She was also named the ODI Player of the Year by the ICC at the same time.
The 2014–16 ICC Women's Championship was the first edition of the ICC Women's Championship, a women's One Day International cricket (WODI) competition contested by eight teams. The top four teams at the conclusion of the tournament gained automatically qualification for the 2017 World Cup. The bottom four teams faced six qualifying teams in the 2017 World Cup Qualifier for the remaining four places at the World Cup. When four or more WODIs were played in a series, only three pre-selected matches were included in the championship. The second edition of the competition started in October 2017.
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