Prince George's County, Maryland

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Prince George's County
Prince George's County, Maryland, [1]
P.G. County, Maryland Infobox Montage 1.png
The Prince George's County courthouse in 2008, the Boulevard at the Capital Centre in 2005, downtown Upper Marlboro in 2006, the Prince George's Plaza metro station in 2004, Laurel's Patuxent Square in 2013, Andrews AFB in 2008, downtown Adelphi in 2008.
Seal of Prince George's County, Maryland.svg
Seal
Logo of Prince George's County, Maryland.png
Logo
Nickname(s): 
"PG County", [2] [3] "PG", [2] [3]
Motto(s): 
"Semper Eadem" (English: "Ever the Same")
Map of Maryland highlighting Prince George's County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Maryland
Maryland in United States.svg
Maryland's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°50′N76°51′W / 38.83°N 76.85°W / 38.83; -76.85
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Maryland.svg  Maryland
FoundedApril 23, 1696 [4]
Named for Prince George of Denmark
Seat Upper Marlboro
Largest city Bowie
Area
  Total499 sq mi (1,290 km2)
  Land483 sq mi (1,250 km2)
  Water16 sq mi (40 km2)  3.2%%
Population
 (2010)
  Total863,420
  Estimate 
(2018)
909,308
  Density1,700/sq mi (670/km2)
Demonym(s) Prince Georgian
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
2060720774
Area code 240, 301
Congressional districts 4th, 5th
Website www.princegeorgescountymd.gov

Prince George's County (often shortened to "PG County") [2] [3] is located in the U.S. state of Maryland, bordering the eastern portion of Washington, D.C. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 863,420, [5] making it the second-most populous county in Maryland, behind Montgomery County. Its county seat is Upper Marlboro. [6] It is one of the richest African American-majority counties in the United States, with five of its communities identified in a 2015 top ten list. [7]

Contents

Prince George's County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. Due to its proximity to Washington, D.C. the county also hosts many U.S. governmental facilities, such as Joint Base Andrews, a U.S. military airbase, as well as the headquarters of the United States Census Bureau.

Etymology

The official name of the county, as specified in the county's charter, is "Prince George’s County, Maryland". [8] The county is named after Prince George of Denmark (1653–1708), the consort of Anne, Queen of Great Britain, and the brother of King Christian V of Denmark and Norway. The county's demonym is Prince Georgian, and its motto is Semper Eadem (English: "Ever the Same"), a phrase used by Queen Anne. Prince George's County is frequently referred to as "PG" or "PG County", an abbreviation which is the subject of debate, some residents viewing it as a pejorative and others holding neutral feelings toward the term or even preferring the abbreviation over the full name. [2]

History

Flag of Prince George's County, Maryland (1696-1963).svg
FIAV historical.svg The flag of Prince George's County, from 1696 to 1963.
Seal of Prince George's County, Maryland (1958-1971).svg
The official seal of Prince George's County, from 1958 to 1971. Note the lack of apostrophe in "GEORGES" and the spelling of "county" as "COVNTY".

The Cretaceous Era brought dinosaurs to the area which left fossils now preserved in a 7.5-acre (3.0 ha) park in Laurel. [9] The site, which among other finds has yielded fossilized teeth from Astrodon and Priconodon species, has been called the most prolific in the eastern United States. [10]

In the mid to late Holocene era, the area was occupied by Paleo-Native Americans and then later, Native Americans. When the first European settlers arrived, what is now Prince George's County was inhabited by people of the Piscataway Indian Nation. Three branches of the tribe are still living today, two of which are headquartered in Prince George's County. [11]

17th century

Prince George's County was created by the English Council of Maryland in the Province of Maryland in April 1696 [12] from portions of Charles and Calvert counties. The county was divided into six districts referred to as "Hundreds": Mattapany, Petuxant, Collington, Mount Calvert, Piscattoway and New Scotland. [12]

18th century

A portion was detached in 1748 to form Frederick County. Because Frederick County was subsequently divided to form the present Allegany, Garrett, Montgomery, and Washington counties, all of these counties in addition were derived from what had up to 1748 been Prince George's County.

In 1791, portions of Prince George's County were ceded to form the new District of Columbia (along with portions of Montgomery County, Maryland and parts of Northern Virginia that were later returned to Virginia).

19th century

During the War of 1812, the British marched through the county by way of Bladensburg to burn the White House. On their return, they kidnapped a prominent doctor, William Beanes. Lawyer Francis Scott Key was asked to negotiate for his release, which resulted in his writing "The Star-Spangled Banner".

Since much of the southern part of the county was tobacco farms that were worked by enslaved Africans, [13] there was a high population of African Americans in the region. After the Civil War, many African Americans attempted to become part of Maryland politics, but were met with violent repression after the fall of Reconstruction. [14] [ verification needed ]

In April 1865, John Wilkes Booth made his escape through Prince George's County while en route to Virginia after shooting President Abraham Lincoln.

20th century

The proportion of African Americans declined during the first half of the 20th century, but was renewed to over 50% in the early 1990s when the county again became majority African American. [15] The first African American County Executive was Wayne K. Curry, elected in 1994.

On July 1, 1997, the Prince George's County section of the city of Takoma Park, which straddled the boundary between Prince George's and Montgomery counties, was transferred to Montgomery County. [16] This was done after city residents voted to be under the sole jurisdiction of Montgomery County, and subsequent approval by both counties and the Maryland General Assembly. This was the first change in Prince George's County's boundaries since 1968, when the City of Laurel was unified in Prince George's County.[ citation needed ]

21st century

The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places. [17]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 499 square miles (1,290 km2), of which 483 square miles (1,250 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (3.2%) is water. [18]

Prince George's County lies in the Atlantic coastal plain, and its landscape is characterized by gently rolling hills and valleys. Along its western border with Montgomery County, Adelphi, Calverton and West Laurel rise into the piedmont, exceeding 300 feet (91 m) in elevation.

The Patuxent River forms the county's eastern border with Howard, Anne Arundel, and Calvert counties.

Regions

The five regions of Prince George's County.
= North County
= Central County
= Rural Tier
= Inner Beltway
= South County Prince George's County Maryland Regions.JPG
The five regions of Prince George's County.
     = North County
     = Central County
     = Rural Tier
     = Inner Beltway
     = South County

County terrain, culture and demographics differ significantly by location within the county. There are five key regions to Prince George's County: North County, Central County, the Rural Tier, the Inner Beltway, and South County. These regions are not formally defined, however, and the terms used to describe each area can vary greatly. [19] In the broadest terms, the county is generally divided into North County and South County with U.S. Route 50 serving as the dividing line. [20]

North County

Northern Prince George's County includes Laurel, Beltsville, Adelphi, College Park and Greenbelt. This area of the county is anchored by the Capital Beltway and the Baltimore–Washington Parkway. Laurel is experiencing a population boom with the construction of the Inter-County Connector. The key employers in this region are the University of Maryland, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, and NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center. Areas of geographic distinction include Greenbelt Park, a wooded reserve adjacent to the planned environmental community of Greenbelt, and University Park, a collection of historic homes adjacent to the University of Maryland. Riversdale Mansion, along with the historic homes of Berwyn Heights, Mt. Rainier and Hyattsville, along with Langley Park are also located in this area. The hidden Lake Artemesia, a park constructed during the completion of the Washington Metro Green Line, incorporates a stocked fishing lake and serves as the trail-head for an extensive Anacostia Tributary Trails system that runs along the Anacostia River and its tributaries. The south and central tracts of the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center also lie in this part of the county; the north tract lies north of the Patuxent River in Anne Arundel County.

Central County

Central County, located on the eastern outskirts of the Capital Beltway, consists of Mitchellville, Woodmore, Greater Upper Marlboro, Springdale, Largo, and Bowie. According to the 2010 census, it has generally been the fastest growing region of the county. [21] Mitchellville is named for a wealthy African American family, the Mitchells, who owned a large portion of land in this area of the county. [22] Central Avenue, a major exit off the I-95 beltway, running east to west, is one of two main roads in this portion of the county. The other major roadway is Old Crain Highway, which runs north to south along the eastern portion of the county. The Newton White Mansion on the grounds is a popular site for weddings and political events.

Bowie is best known as a planned Levittown. [23] William Levitt built traditional homes, as well as California contemporaries along U.S. Route 50, the key highway to the eastern shore and the state capital of Annapolis. Bowie has currently grown to be the largest city in Prince George's County, with more than 50,000 people. It also has a large Caucasian population, compared to much of the county (48% of the population). [24] Housing styles vary from the most contemporary to century old homes in Bowie's antique district (formerly known as Huntingtown), where the town of Bowie began as a haven for thoroughbred horse racing. Areas of geographic distinction include the Oden Bowie Mansion, Allen Pond, key segments of the Washington, Baltimore and Annapolis Trail, as well as planned parks, lakes and walking trails.

Rural Tier

Prince George's rural tier was designated "in the 2002 General Plan as an area where residential growth would be minimal"; [25] it may be found in the area well beyond the Beltway to the east and south of central county, bounded on the north by U.S. Route 50, the west by the communities Accokeek and Fort Washington, and the east by the Patuxent River. Prince George's origins are in this part of the county. Most of this area contains the unincorporated parishes, villages and lost towns of Prince George's County. Largely under postal designations of "Upper Marlboro" or "Brandywine", in truth the town of Upper Marlboro is more central county in character, though it is the post office location for various rural settlements. (The names of these unincorporated areas are listed below in the towns section of this article). Since 1721 Upper Marlboro has been the county seat of government, with families that trace their lineage back to Prince George's initial land grants and earliest governing officials. Names like Clagett, Sasscer, King James and Queen Anne pepper the streets.

The rural tier has been the focus of orchestrated efforts by residents and county government to preserve its rural character and environmental integrity. [26] [ failed verification ] Under the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission (M-NCPPC), Patuxent River Park is the largest natural preserve and provides public access for birdwatching and viewing the rural tier's natural waterfront vistas. In season, the park's Jug Bay Natural Area and the Patuxent Riverkeeper in Queen Anne both offer canoeing and kayaking rentals on the Patuxent. The county's largest collection of tobacco planter mansions and preserved homes are in the rural tier, some managed by the M-NCPPC. Many rural tier roads have scenic highway preservation status; a fall drive yields exceptional beauty along the Patuxent valley's Leeland Road, Croom Road, Clagett's Landing Rd., Mill Branch Rd., Queen Anne Rd., and Brandywine Rd. Walking access along roads in this area is very limited, because most property along the roads remains in private ownership. However, walking is much more accessible in the widespread M-NCPPC lands and trails and state holdings in the Patuxent valley, such as Merkle Wildlife Sanctuary and Rosaryville State Park, both popular among hikers and mountain bikers.[ citation needed ]

Inner Beltway

The inner beltway communities of Capitol Heights, District Heights, Forestville, Suitland, and Seat Pleasant border the neighboring District of Columbia's northeastern and southeastern quadrants. This region is the most-densely populated area of the county, although many communities here saw a decrease in population from 2000 to 2010. A high percentage of its residents are African-American. [27]

South County

South county is a blend of the greenery of the rural tier and the new development of central county. The communities of Clinton, Oxon Hill, Temple Hills and Fort Washington are the largest areas of south county. It is the only portion of Prince George's County to enjoy the Potomac River waterfront, and that geographic distinction has yielded the rise of the National Harbor project: a town center and riverside shopping and living development on the Potomac. The National Harbor has become a major tourist and convention attraction, with significant hotel accommodations, eateries and shopping. Water taxi service connects National Harbor to other destinations along the Potomac. [28] Several historic sites, including Jones Point Lighthouse, can be viewed from the harbor front. Piscataway Park in Accokeek preserves many acres of woodland and wetlands along the Potomac River opposite Mount Vernon, Virginia. River Road in Fort Washington also yields great views of the Potomac. Fort Washington Park was a major battery and gives access to the public for tours of the fort, scenic access to the river and other picnic grounds. Oxon Hill Manor offers a working farm and plantation mansion for touring; His Lordship's Kindness is another major historic home. Also, Fort Foote is an old American Civil War fort and tourist destination.

Adjacent counties and independent cities

Prince George's and Montgomery Counties share a bi-county planning and parks agency in the M-NCPPC and a public bi-county water and sewer utility in the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission

National protected areas

Government

Since 1792, the county seat has been Upper Marlboro. Prior to 1792, the county seat was located at Mount Calvert, a 76-acre (308,000 m²) estate along the Patuxent River on the edge of what is now in the unincorporated community of Croom. Since 1991, the county has slowly moved government functions from rural Upper Marlboro to the Largo area, closer to the center of population, while proposals to move the actual county seat remain controversial. [29]

Prince George's County was granted a charter form of government in 1970 with the county executive elected as the head of the executive branch and the county council members as the leadership of the legislative branch. The county is divided into nine councilmanic districts, whose number designations wind roughly from north to south. [30] Two at-large council seats were added in 2018. [31] Prince George's County is part of the Seventh Judicial Circuit of the state of Maryland and holds 23 of the 32 total circuit court judges in the circuit (which includes Calvert, Charles, Prince George's, and St. Mary's counties). [32]

Fitch Ratings assigned a 'AAA' bond rating to Prince George's County on August 25, 2011, re-affirming the county's stable financial outlook. Earlier in 2011, the County received 'AAA' status from Standard & Poor's and Moody's. 'AAA' bond ratings are the highest possible bond ratings a jurisdiction can receive. [33]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [34]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 8.4% 32,81188.1%344,0493.5% 13,525
2012 9.2% 35,73489.7%347,9381.1% 4,072
2008 10.4% 38,83388.9%332,3960.8% 2,797
2004 17.4% 55,53281.8%260,5320.8% 2,410
2000 18.4% 49,98779.5%216,1192.1% 5,803
1996 21.9% 52,69773.5%176,6124.6% 10,993
1992 24.5% 62,95565.7%168,6919.8% 25,213
1988 38.8% 86,54560.0%133,8161.1% 2,520
1984 41.0% 95,12158.6%136,0630.5% 1,036
1980 40.7% 78,97750.9%98,7578.4% 16,253
1976 42.0% 81,02758.0%111,743
1972 58.6%116,16640.3% 79,9141.2% 2,330
1968 41.2%73,26940.3% 71,52418.5% 32,867
1964 36.2% 46,41363.8%81,806
1960 42.0% 44,81758.1%62,013
1956 50.9%40,65449.1% 39,280
1952 56.3%38,06043.1% 29,1190.6% 423
1948 49.0% 14,71849.5%14,8741.4% 432
1944 49.5% 13,75050.5%14,006
1940 36.3% 9,52363.2%16,5920.5% 136
1936 34.8% 8,10764.8%15,0870.4% 101
1932 36.1% 6,69662.4%11,5801.5% 280
1928 59.1%9,78240.2% 6,6580.7% 122
1924 47.0%5,86840.7% 5,08812.3% 1,534
1920 56.8%6,62841.6% 4,8571.5% 178
1916 45.4% 3,05851.9%3,4932.7% 183
1912 27.3% 1,45645.4%2,42427.4% 1,461
1908 48.9% 2,63949.7%2,6801.5% 78
1904 55.4%2,84544.2% 2,2700.5% 24
1900 55.0%3,45544.4% 2,7870.6% 37

County executive and council

County Executive (history)
NamePartyTerm
William W. Gullett Republican 1970–1974
Win Kelly Democratic1974–1978
Lawrence Hogan Republican1978–1982
Parris N. Glendening Democratic1982–1994
Wayne K. Curry Democratic1994–2002
Jack B. Johnson Democratic2002–2010
Rushern L. Baker III Democratic2010–2018
Angela D. Alsobrooks Democratic2018–date
County Council (current) [30] [31]
NamePartyDistrict
Tom Dernoga Democratic 1
Deni TaverasDemocratic2
Dannielle GlarosDemocratic3
Todd M. Turner (chair)Democratic4
Jolene Ivey Democratic5
Derrick Leon DavisDemocratic6
Rodney Colvin Streeter (vice-chair)Democratic7
Monique Anderson-WalkerDemocratic8
Sydney HarrisonDemocratic9
Mel FranklinDemocraticAt-large
Calvin HawkinsDemocraticAt-large

Other officials

Emergency services

Law enforcement

A marked Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor of the Prince George's County Police Department in February 2007. Ford-Crown-Victoria-police.jpg
A marked Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor of the Prince George's County Police Department in February 2007.

Prince George's County is serviced by multiple law enforcement agencies. The Prince George's County Police Department is the primary police service for county residents residing in unincorporated areas of the county. In addition, the Prince George's County Sheriff's Office acts as the enforcement arm of the county court, and also shares some patrol responsibility with the county police. County parks are serviced by the Prince George's County Division of the Maryland-National Capital Park Police. Besides the county-level services, all but one of the 27 local municipalities maintain police departments that share jurisdiction with the county police services.[ citation needed ] Furthermore, the Maryland State Police enforces the law on state highways which pass through the county with the exception of Maryland Route 200 where the Maryland Transportation Authority Police is the primary law enforcement agency and the Maryland Department of Natural Resources Police patrol the state parks and navigable waterways located within the county.

Along with the state and local law enforcement agencies, the federal government also maintains several departments that service citizens of the county such as the US Park Police, US Postal Police, Andrews Air Force Base Security Police, and other federal police located on various federal property within the county.

K9 cruiser of the Prince George's County Sheriff's Office in October 2009. Pgso k9.JPG
K9 cruiser of the Prince George's County Sheriff's Office in October 2009.

In addition, nearly all of the incorporated cities and towns in the county have their own municipal police force. Notable exceptions include the city of College Park.

Other emergency services

Prince George's County hospitals include Bowie Health Center, Doctors Community Hospital in Lanham, Gladys Spellman Specialty Hospital & Nursing Center in Cheverly, Laurel Regional Hospital in Laurel, Prince George's Hospital Center in Cheverly, Southern Maryland Hospital Center in Clinton, and Fort Washington Medical Center. Hospice of the Chesapeake has offices in Largo, with a staff that serves patients in their homes, including skilled nursing, senior living and assisted living facilities.

Engine 553 in the foreground, Ladder 55 in the background PGFD1.JPG
Engine 553 in the foreground, Ladder 55 in the background

The Prince George's County Volunteer Firemen's Association was formed in 1922 with several of the first companies organized in the county. The first members of the association were Hyattsville, Cottage City, Mount Rainier, and Brentwood.

In March 1966, the Prince George's County Government employed the firefighters who had been hired by individual volunteer stations and an organized career department was begun. The career firefighters and paramedics are represented by IAFF 1619. Prince George's County Fire/Rescue Operations consists of 45 Fire/EMS stations. [35]

Prince George's County became the first jurisdiction in Maryland to implement the 9-1-1 Emergency Reporting System in 1973. Advanced life support services began for citizens of the county in 1977. Firefighters were certified as Cardiac Rescue Technicians and deployed in what was called at the time Mobile Intensive Care Units to fire stations in Brentwood, Silver Hill, and Laurel.

As of 2007, the Prince George's County Fire/EMS Department operates a combination system staffed by over 800 career firefighters and paramedics, and nearly 1,100 active volunteers.

Transportation

I-95 southbound at MD 200 2019-07-05 15 17 37 View south along Interstate 95 from the overpass for the ramp from Maryland State Route 200 eastbound to Interstate 95 northbound in Konterra, Prince George's County, Maryland.jpg
I-95 southbound at MD 200

The County contains a 28-mile portion of the 65-mile-long Capital Beltway. After a decades-long debate, an east–west toll freeway, the Intercounty Connector ("ICC"), which extends Interstate 370 in Montgomery County to connect I-270 with Interstate 95 and U.S. 1 in Laurel, opened in 2012. An 11.5-mile portion of the 32.5-mile-long Baltimore–Washington Parkway runs from the county's border with Washington, D.C., to its border with Anne Arundel County near Laurel.

The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority operates Metrobus fixed-route bus service and Metrorail heavy-rail passenger service in and out of the County as well as the regional MetroAccess paratransit system for the handicapped. The Prince George's County Department of Public Works and Transportation also operates TheBus, a County-wide fixed-route bus system, and the Call-A-Bus service for passengers who do not have access to or have difficulty using fixed-route bus service. Call-A-Bus is a demand-response service which generally requires 14-days advance reservations. The county also offers a subsidized taxicab service for elderly and disabled residents called Call-A-Cab in which eligible customers who sign up for the service purchase coupons giving them a 50 percent discount with participating taxicab companies in Prince George's and Montgomery Counties.

Washington Metro with Purple Line. Washington Metro diagram.png
Washington Metro with Purple Line.

Mass transit

Prince George's County Metro Rail

Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority has fifteen stations of the Washington Metro system, located in Prince George's County, with four of them as terminus stations: Greenbelt, New Carrollton, Largo, and Branch Avenue. The Purple Line, which would link highly developed areas of both Montgomery and Prince George's Counties is currently under-construction and slated to open in 2022. The Purple Line will provide connections to the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority's, Red Line (Washington Metro) via Northern Prince George's County and Montgomery County. The Orange Line (Washington Metro) and MARC Train's Penn Line will have transfer points at New Carrollton station.

Prince George's County Commuter Rail

The MARC Train (Maryland Area Rail Commuter) train service has two lines that traverse Prince George's County. The Camden Line, which runs between Baltimore Camden Station and Washington Union Station and has six stops in the county in Riverdale, College Park, Greenbelt station, Muirkirk station (MARC) ,Laurel station (MARC), and Laurel Race Track station. The Penn Line runs on the AMTRAK route between Baltimore Penn Station and Washington Union Station. It has three stops in the county: Bowie State station, Seabrook station, New Carrollton station,

Airports

The College Park Airport (CGS), established in 1909, is the world's oldest continuously operated airport and is home to the adjacent College Park Aviation Museum.

Privately owned general aviation airfields in the county include Freeway Airport (W00) in Mitchellville, Potomac Airfield (VKX) in Friendly, and Washington Executive Airpark/Hyde Field (W32) in Clinton, along with numerous private heliports. [36]

The area is served by three airports: Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (DCA) in Arlington County, Virginia, Baltimore–Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (BWI) near Baltimore, and Dulles International Airport (IAD) in Dulles, Virginia.

Andrews Air Force Base (ADW), the airfield portion of Joint Base Andrews, is also near Camp Springs.

Water taxi

Prince George's County is served by a water taxi that operates form the National Harbor to Alexandria, Virginia and to The Wharf in Washington, D.C. [37]

Major highways

Future transit

Because of its location north and east of Washington, D.C., several future transit technology projects look to be routed partially through Prince George's County. The first stage of The Boring Company's proposed Washington-to-New York hyperloop will travel beneath the Baltimore–Washington Parkway through Prince George's en route to Baltimore. [38] [39] No hyperloop stops within the county are projected. Similarly, Maryland Governor Larry Hogan has supported efforts to trial a 40-mile superconducting maglev (SCMaglev) train route connecting Washington to Baltimore. Proposed routes would run through Prince George's parallel to the Baltimore–Washington Parkway or along the Amtrak Penn Line corridor. [40] As with the hyperloop, no SCMaglev stop is planned within Prince George's County. The Purple Line light transit rail is currently in construction in College Park and New Carrollton. [41]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1790 21,344
1800 21,175−0.8%
1810 20,589−2.8%
1820 20,216−1.8%
1830 20,4741.3%
1840 19,539−4.6%
1850 21,54910.3%
1860 23,3278.3%
1870 21,138−9.4%
1880 26,45125.1%
1890 26,080−1.4%
1900 29,89814.6%
1910 36,14720.9%
1920 43,34719.9%
1930 60,09538.6%
1940 89,49048.9%
1950 194,182117.0%
1960 357,39584.1%
1970 660,56784.8%
1980 665,0710.7%
1990 729,2689.7%
2000 801,5159.9%
2010 863,4207.7%
Est. 2018909,308 [42] 5.3%
U.S. Decennial Census [43]
1790–1960 [44] 1900-1990 [45]
1990-2000 [46] 2010–2018 [5]

Prince George's County is the wealthiest African American-majority county in the United States. [47] [48] [ permanent dead link ]

2000

The racial makeup of the county was as of 2000:

By the 2008 estimates there were 298,439 households out of which 65.1% are family households and 34.9% were non-family households. 36.4% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.00% were married couples living together, 19.60% had a female householder with no husband present. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 persons and the average family size was 3.25 persons.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 33.00% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 7.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county in 2008 was $71,696, [5] and the median income for a family was $81,908. The 2008 mean income for a family in the county was $94,360. As of 2000, males had a median income of $38,904 versus $35,718 for females. The 2008 per capita income for the county was $23,360. About 4.70% of families and 7.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over. Prince George's County is the 70th most affluent county in the United States by median income for families and the most affluent county in the United States with an African-American majority. Almost 38.8% of all households in Prince George's County, earned over $100,000 in 2008. [49]

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 863,420 people, 304,042 households, and 203,520 families residing in the county. [50] The population density was 1,788.8 inhabitants per square mile (690.7/km2). There were 328,182 housing units at an average density of 679.9 per square mile (262.5/km2). [51] The racial makeup of the county was 64.5% black or African American, 19.2% White, 4.1% Asian, 0.5% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 8.5% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 14.9% of the population. [50] In terms of ancestry, 6.5% were Subsaharan African, and 2.0% were American. [52]

Of the 304,042 households, 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.1% were married couples living together, 20.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.1% were non-families, and 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.31. The median age was 34.9 years. [50]

The median income for a household in the county was $71,260 and the median income for a family was $82,580. Males had a median income of $49,471 versus $49,478 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,215. About 5.0% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over. [53]

Education

"30.1% of all residents over the age of 25 had graduated from college and obtained a bachelor's degree (17.8%) or professional degree (12.2%). 86.2% of all residents over the age of 25 were high school graduates or higher." [54]

Religion

Prince George's County is home to more than 800 churches, including 12 megachurches, [55] as well as a number of mosques, synagogues, and Hindu and Buddhist temples. Property belonging to religious entities makes up 3,450 acres (14.0 km2) of land in the county, or 1.8% of the total area of the county. [56]

Economy

Top employers

According to the county's comprehensive annual financial report, the top private-sector employers in the county are the following. "NA" indicates not in the top ten for the year given.

EmployerEmployees
(2014) [57]
Employees
(2011) [58]
Employees
(2005) [58]
United Parcel Service (UPS)4,2204,2202,300
Giant 3,0003,6006,152
Verizon 2,7382,738NA
Dimensions Healthcare System2,5002,5002,100
Marriott International
(Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center)
2,4302,000NA
Shoppers Food & Pharmacy 1,9751,9751,975
Safeway 1,6051,6052,400
Capital One Bank (formerly Chevy Chase Bank)NA1,456NA
Target 1,4001,400NA
Doctor's Community Hospital1,3001,300NA
MedStar Health
(Southern Maryland Hospital Center)
1,2421,3001,300

The top public-sector employers in the county are:

EmployerEmployees
(2014) [57]
Employees
(2011) [58]
University System of Maryland 17,90516,014
Joint Base Andrews Naval Air Facility Washington 13,5008,057
Prince George's County7,0037,052
Internal Revenue Service 5,5395,539
U.S. Census Bureau 4,4144,287
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center 3,3973,171
Prince George's Community College 2,6371,700
U.S. Department of Agriculture
(Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center)
1,8501,850
National Maritime Intelligence-Integration Office 1,7241,724
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 1,3501,350

Crime

Winter snow falls in front of the main entrance to the Prince George's County courthouse at Upper Marlboro in January 2009. PG courthouse winter.JPG
Winter snow falls in front of the main entrance to the Prince George's County courthouse at Upper Marlboro in January 2009.

Prince George's County accounted for 20% of murders in the State of Maryland from 1985 to 2006. [59] A twenty-year crime index trends study, performed by Prince George's County Police Department Information Resource Management, showed the county had a 23.1% increase in total crime for the years of 2000 to 2004. Between the years of 1984 to 2004, Prince George's had a 62.8% increase in total crime. [60]

However, as of 2009, crime had generally declined in the county [61] and the number of homicides declined from 151 in 2005 to 99 in 2009. [62] [63]

Violence continued into 2013 initially. The Washington Post reported that, as of February 20, Prince George's County already had 15 homicides in 2013, up from 10 on the same date in 2012. [64] However, as of the end of 2013, the County had experienced a record drop in crime, especially record lows in violent crimes. [65]

Education

Colleges and universities

The University of Maryland System headquarters are in the unincorporated area of Adelphi. [66]

Public schools

The county's public schools are managed by the Prince George's County Public Schools system.

Enterprises and recreation

Prince George's County is home to the United States Department of Agriculture's Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, the United States Census Bureau, Andrews Air Force Base, the National Archives and Records Administration's College Park facility, the University of Maryland’s flagship College Park campus, Six Flags America and Six Flags Hurricane Harbor, FedExField (home of the Washington Redskins), and the National Harbor, which its developers, Peterson Companies and Gaylord Entertainment Company, bill as the largest single mixed-use project and combined convention center–hotel complex on the East Coast.

Media

Recreation

A painted water tower at the Prince George's County Equestrian Center in Upper Marlboro, Maryland. Equestrian center1.JPG
A painted water tower at the Prince George's County Equestrian Center in Upper Marlboro, Maryland.

Although Prince George’s County is not often credited for the Washington Redskins, the Redskins stadium is in Landover. No other major-league professional sports teams are in the county, though Bowie hosts the Bowie Baysox, a minor league baseball team. The county is known for its very successful youth. In basketball, ESPN published an article declaring Prince George's County the new "Hoops Hot Bed" and ranked it as the number one basketball talent pool in the country. [68] A number of basketball prospects, including Ty Lawson, Kevin Durant, Jeff Green, Roy Hibbert and Michael Beasley from AAU basketball teams such as the PG Jaguars, DC Assault, and DC Blue Devils. Besides AAU, basketball has skyrocketed from local high schools such as DeMatha Catholic High School and Bishop McNamara High School, both of which have found some great success locally and nationally.[ citation needed ]

Communities

This county contains the following incorporated municipalities:

Cities

Towns

Part of the city of Takoma Park was formerly in Prince George's County, but since 1997 the city has been entirely in Montgomery County. [69] The part of Takoma Park that changed counties comprises two residential neighborhoods, Carole Highlands (an unincorporated portion of which is still in Prince George's County) and New Hampshire Gardens.

Census-designated places

Unincorporated areas are also considered as towns by many people and listed in many collections of towns, but they lack local government. Various organizations, such as the United States Census Bureau, the United States Postal Service, and local chambers of commerce, define the communities they wish to recognize differently, and since they are not incorporated, their boundaries have no official status outside the organizations in question. The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

Sister cities

Prince George's County has three sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Notable people

Namesakes

See also

Related Research Articles

Bowie, Maryland City in Maryland, United States

Bowie is a city in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. The population was 54,727 at the 2010 U.S. Census. Bowie has grown from a small railroad stop to the largest municipality in Prince George's County, and the fifth most populous city and third largest city by area in the U.S. state of Maryland. In 2014, CNN Money ranked Bowie 28th in its Best Places to Live in America list.

Greenbelt, Maryland City in Maryland, United States

Greenbelt is a city in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States, and a suburb of Washington. Greenbelt is notable for being the first and the largest of the three experimental and controversial New Deal Greenbelt Towns, planned and built by the Federal government. The cooperative community was conceived in 1935 by Undersecretary of Agriculture Rexford Guy Tugwell, whose perceived collectivist ideology attracted opposition to the Greenbelt Towns project throughout its short duration. The project came into legal existence in the spring of 1935. On April 8, 1935, Congress passed the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935. Under the authority granted to him by this legislation, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an executive order, on May 1, 1935, establishing the United States Resettlement Administration (RA/RRA).

Largo, Maryland Census-designated place in Maryland

Largo, located within greater Upper Marlboro, Maryland, is an unincorporated area and census-designated place in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. The population was 10,709 at the 2010 census.

Laurel, Maryland City in Maryland, United States

Laurel is a city in Maryland, United States, located almost midway between Washington and Baltimore on the banks of the Patuxent River. While the city limits are entirely in northern Prince George's County, outlying developments extend into Anne Arundel, Montgomery and Howard counties. Founded as a mill town in the early 19th century, Laurel expanded local industry and was later able to become an early commuter town for Washington and Baltimore workers following the arrival of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in 1835. Largely residential today, the city maintains a historic district centered on its Main Street, highlighting its industrial past.

Temple Hills, Maryland Census-designated place in Maryland

Temple Hills is an unincorporated area and census-designated place (CDP) in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. Temple Hills borders the communities of Hillcrest Heights, Marlow Heights, Camp Springs and Oxon Hill. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 7,852.

Upper Marlboro, Maryland Town in Maryland, United States

Upper Marlboro, officially the Town of Upper Marlboro, is the seat of Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. The population within the town limits was 631 at the 2010 U.S. Census, although Greater Upper Marlboro is many times larger.

Patuxent River river in the state of Maryland, United States

The Patuxent River is a tributary of the Chesapeake Bay in the state of Maryland. There are three main river drainages for central Maryland: the Potomac River to the west passing through Washington, D.C., the Patapsco River to the northeast passing through Baltimore, and the Patuxent River between the two. The 908-square-mile (2,352 km2) Patuxent watershed had a rapidly growing population of 590,769 in 2000. It is the largest and longest river entirely within Maryland, and its watershed is the largest completely within the state.

Seabrook, Maryland Census-designated place in Maryland

Seabrook is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States, located approximately 12 miles (19 km) east of Washington. As of the 2010 census, the population of the CDP was 17,287. Prior to 2010, Seabrook was part of the Lanham-Seabrook census-designated place.

Baltimore–Washington Parkway highway in Maryland, United States

The Baltimore–Washington Parkway is a highway in the U.S. state of Maryland, running southwest from Baltimore to Washington, D.C. The road begins at an interchange with U.S. Route 50 (US 50) near Cheverly in Prince George's County at the D.C. border, and continues northeast as a parkway maintained by the National Park Service (NPS) to MD 175 near Fort Meade, serving many federal institutions. This portion of the parkway is dedicated to Gladys Noon Spellman, a representative of Maryland's 5th congressional district, and has the unsigned Maryland Route 295 (MD 295) designation. Commercial vehicles, including trucks, are prohibited within this stretch. This section is administered by the NPS's Greenbelt Park unit. After leaving park service boundaries the highway is maintained by the state and signed with the MD 295 designation. This section of the parkway passes near Baltimore–Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport. Upon entering Baltimore, the Baltimore Department of Transportation takes over maintenance of the road and it continues north to an interchange with Interstate 95 (I-95). Here, the Baltimore–Washington Parkway ends and MD 295 continues north unsigned on Russell Street, which carries the route north into downtown Baltimore. In downtown Baltimore, MD 295 follows Paca Street northbound and Greene Street southbound before ending at US 40.

The Potomac Heritage Trail, also known as the Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail or the PHT, is a designated National Scenic Trail corridor spanning parts of the mid-Atlantic and upper southeastern regions of the United States that will connect various trails and historic sites in the states of Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania and the District of Columbia. The trail network includes 710 miles (1,140 km) of existing and planned sections, tracing the outstanding natural, historical, and cultural features of the Potomac River corridor, the upper Ohio River watershed in Pennsylvania and western Maryland, and a portion of the Rappahannock River watershed in Virginia. The trail is managed by the National Park Service.

Maryland Route 198 Highway in U.S. state of Maryland

Maryland Route 198 is a state highway in the U.S. state of Maryland. The highway runs 14.14 miles (22.76 km) from MD 650 near Spencerville east to the entrance of Fort George G. Meade beyond its junction with MD 32. MD 198 connects Laurel in far northern Prince George's County with the northeastern Montgomery County communities of Spencerville and Burtonsville and Maryland City and Fort Meade in western Anne Arundel County. The highway is a four-to-six-lane divided highway between U.S. Route 29 in Burtonsville and the Baltimore–Washington Parkway in Maryland City.

Prince Georges County Public Schools public school district for Prince George’s County, Maryland, United States

Prince George's County Public Schools (PGCPS) is a large public school district administered by the government of Prince George's County, Maryland, United States, and is overseen by the Maryland State Department of Education. The school system is headquartered in Upper Marlboro and the district serves Prince George's County. The district is headed by Monica Goldson and a 14-member Board of Education.

Maryland Route 193 highway in Maryland, United States

Maryland Route 193 is a state highway in the U.S. state of Maryland. Known for most of its length as University Boulevard and Greenbelt Road, the state highway runs 26.07 mi (41.96 km) from MD 185 in Kensington east to MD 202 north of Upper Marlboro. MD 193 serves as a major east-west commuter route in eastern Montgomery County and northern Prince George's County, connecting Wheaton, Silver Spring, Langley Park, College Park, and Greenbelt. The state highway also provides the primary access to the University of Maryland and Goddard Space Flight Center. In central Prince George's County, MD 193 is the main north-south highway connecting Glenn Dale and Greater Upper Marlboro with the affluent suburbs of Woodmore and Kettering.

Broad Creek, Prince Georges County, Maryland United States historic place

Broad Creek in Prince George's County was the first footprint of European settlement in the immediate counties around what would become the nation's capital, Washington, D.C. The area is part of greater Fort Washington.

Rocky Gorge Reservoir Maryland reservoir on the Patuxent River

Rocky Gorge Reservoir is located on the Patuxent River in Howard County, Montgomery County and Prince George's County, Maryland between Laurel and Burtonsville, Maryland. The reservoir was created in 1952 by the construction of the T. Howard Duckett Dam on the Patuxent. The dam is visible from Interstate 95 near mile marker 34. Because of its close association with a dam by the name, the reservoir is sometimes called the T. Howard Duckett Reservoir. It has a surface area of 773 acres (3.13 km2). The reservoir is maintained as a drinking water source by the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission (WSSC).

Croom, Maryland Census-designated place in Maryland

Croom is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Prince George's County, Maryland, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 2,631. Croom largely consists of former tobacco farms and forests converted to Washington bedroom subdivisions such as nearby Marlton. The main part of Patuxent River Park is in Croom.

Frederick Douglass High School (Prince Georges County, Maryland) High school in Upper Marlboro, Maryland, United States

Frederick Douglass High School (FDHS), established in 1934 as Marlboro High School and renamed Frederick Douglass High School in 1935, is a public high school located in the Croom census-designated place of unincorporated Prince George's County, Maryland, United States, with a mailing address of Upper Marlboro and near Upper Marlboro. Douglass is a part of the Prince George's County Public Schools system and is named after the famous abolitionist, journalist, and orator, Frederick Douglass.

Brock Hall, Maryland Census-designated place in Maryland

Brock Hall is an unincorporated area and census-designated place in eastern Prince George's County, Maryland, United States, located south of Largo and Bowie, and north of Upper Marlboro. As of the 2010 census, the CDP had a population of 9,552.

The Prince George's County Memorial Library System (PGCMLS) is the public library system of Prince George's County, Maryland, United States, in the Washington metropolitan area. Its headquarters are in the Largo-Kettering Branch in Largo.

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Further reading

Coordinates: 38°50′N76°51′W / 38.83°N 76.85°W / 38.83; -76.85