FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup

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FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup
Current season, competition or edition:
Basketball current event.svg 2022 FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup
2018wbbwclogo.png
Sport Basketball
Founded1953
Inaugural season 1953
No. of teams12
Country FIBA member nations
Continent FIBA (International)
Most recent
champion(s)
Flag of the United States.svg  United States (10th title)
Most titlesFlag of the United States.svg  United States (10 titles)

The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, also known as the Basketball World Cup for Women or simply the FIBA Women's World Cup, is an international basketball tournament for women's national teams held quadrennially. It was created by the International Basketball Federation (FIBA). Its inaugural game was in 1953 in Chile, three years after the first men's World Championship. For most of its early history, it was not held in the same year as the men's championship, and was not granted a consistent quadrennial cycle until 1967. After the 1983 event, FIBA changed the scheduling so that the women's tournament would be held in even-numbered non-Olympic years, a change that had come to the men's tournament in 1970.

Contents

Formerly known as the FIBA World Championship for Women, the name changed shortly after its 2014 edition. [1] From 1986 through 2014, the tournament was held in the same year as the men's FIBA Basketball World Cup, though in different countries. After the 2014 editions of both championships, the men's event was rescheduled on a new four-year cycle (the latest in 2019) to avoid conflict with the men's FIFA World Cup, but the Women's World Cup remains on the same four-year cycle, with editions held in the same years as the men's FIFA World Cup and the final tournament played a few months after it. The next FIBA Women's World Cup will be held in 2022 in Australia. The number of participating women's FIBA teams has remained at 16, unlike the men's event, which has been expanded to 24 and further to 32 in 2019. [2]

History

Only four nations have won titles in the history of the Women's World Cup. The first tournament was held in 1953 in Chile, with participation of ten national teams. Despite of losing to Brazil in the final round, the United States won inaugural title. The next tournament which was held in 1957 in Brazil, marked beginning of long-time rivalry between US team and Soviet team who debuted at the World Championship. The first official match between these teams was played on last day of the tournament, it was also decisive match of the championship. Soviet players led after first half (27–24), but in the second half Americans managed to achieve victory (51–48) and to won second World title.

The third World Championship was held in 1959 in Moscow, Soviet Union. Due to international political tensions caused by the Cold War, United States and its allies didn't participate at this tournament, thus only 8 Eastern Bloc countries were able to play at the championship. In the absense of US team, Soviet team won their maiden World title while Bulgaria took silver medals and Czechosovakia finished third. But at the next World Championship which was held in 1964 in Peru, all these Eastern European teams also occupied whole podium – Soviet Union won second title in row, Czechosovakia won silver medals, Bulgaria took bronze while United States finished only at fourth place. This tournament marked the beginning of the era of dominance of the Soviet Union in world women's basketball which lasted for next two decades. Under leadership of head coach Lidiya Alekseyeva, Soviet team won three next World Championships held in 1967 (Czechoslovakia), 1971 (Brazil) and 1975 (Colombia). The vast majority of medals at these tournaments were won by Eastern European and East Asian teams while United States even failed to qualify into final round. In general, from 1959 to 1975 Soviet team won record five titles in a row by winning all their 40 matches with margin of 10 points and more. Therefore, it was not surprising when Soviet Union won inaugural women's Olympic tournament which was held in 1976 in Montreal, Canada (by winning all five matches). Despite of losing to Japan and Soviet Union, United States managed to finish second and capture silver medals while Bulgaria took Olympic bronze.

Unfortunately, the next world women's basketball major tournaments were clouded by series of political boycottes caused by the Cold War. Firstly, Soviet Union and four other Eastern Bloc countries withdrew from next World Championships which was held in 1979 in South Korea. Despite of losing to hosts (82–94), United States won all other matches and captured gold medals thanks to better head-to-head point difference among Top 3 teams. It was third World title for US team and the first since 1957. On next year United States boycotted 1980 Olympic tournament which was held in Moscow, Soviet Union. In their absence, Soviet team captured second Olympic title relatively easy by winning all 6 matches while Bulgaria and Yugoslavia took silver and bronze medals respectively. Therefore, the next World Championship which was held in 1983 in Brazil became the first international major competition for seven years with participation of all world's top teams. Soviet Union captured their sixth World title by winning all 10 matches but this victory was most difficult one. In the final group round, Soviet team won match against United States with margin of only one point (85–84) after losing 40–49 at the end of first half. Later in the final match between these two teams Soviets lost first half with score of 37–40, but also managed to achieve victory with margin of only two points (84–82). Both those matches proved that advantage of Soviet team became not such overwhelming like it was before. China won their first World Championship medal after victory over South Korea in a bronze medal match (71–63). Next year Soviet Union and Hungary boycotted 1984 Olympic tournament which was held in Los Angeles, United States thus allowing hosts to win their maiden Olympic title. South Korea and China took silver and bronze Olympic medals respectively.

Fortunately, all world's top teams were able to take part at the next World Championship which was held in 1986 in Soviet Union. One month before start of tournament, United States won basketball tournament at the 1986 Goodwill Games in Moscow by beating Soviet Union with great margin of 23 points (83–60). Both reigning Olympic Champions (United States) and World Champions (Soviet Union) won all their group and semifinal matches, and then met in the final match in Moscow. In this final, US team once again proved own superiority by winning with margin of 20 points (108–88) thus ending remarkable winning streak of Soviet team at the World Championships which lasted 56 consecutive matches. This victory became turning point which marked beginning of the era of dominance of United States in world women's basketball. At the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea, US team defended their Olympic title by beating Yugoslavia in the final match (77–70) while Soviet team surprisingly failed to reach final and unexpectively finished only at third place for first time in their history. At the next World Championship which was held in 1990 in Malaysia, Soviet Union lost in the second group round to Czechosovakia (79–82) and Yugoslavia (63–64) and finished only at fifth place. It was first and only time when Soviet team failed to reach podium at the international competition where they participated. Like two years ago, United States and Yugoslavia met in the final match, and US team achieved victory again (88–78) by winning sixth World title. Two years later United States went to 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain in a status of obvious favorites - especially after Yugoslavian team was banned from competition because of United Nations sanctions. However, the former Soviet players who completed for Unified Team as a result of Soviet Union's dissolution in December 1991, managed to achieve surprising success after shocking victory over United States in semifinals (79–73) and victory over China in the final match (76–66). US team finished at the disappointing third place. There was last participation of Soviet basketball at the international competitions and true "true swan song" of Soviet team which ceased to exist after that.

The 12th World Championship was held in Australia in 1994, after the dissolution of Soviet Union, SFR Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. Slovakia became only newly-formed national team who managed to qualify to this World Championship. In such situation, United States aimed to return at first position. However, they surprisingly lost semifinal match to Brazil (107–110) and once again finished only at the third place. In the final match, Brazil beat China (96–87) thus breaking US-Soviet duopoly on World Championship which lasted for 37 years. Two years later United States took revenge at the home 1996 Olympic tournament at Atlanta by beating Brazil in the final match with margin of 24 points (111–87). This victory marked beginning of US dominance at the Olympic Games – from 1996 to 2016, they won six Olympic titles in a row with remarkable winning streak of 49 consecutive matches at Olympic tournaments.

The 13th World Championship took place in 1998 in Germany. Russian team participated at this tournament for first time after dissolution of Soviet Union. In the second group round, they lost to United States with great margin of 36 points (60–96) but then managed to reach final where met with US team again. In the final match, United States faced with much stronger resistance – Russia led with margin of 9 points after first half (28–37), but in the second half US team managed to reach advantage and achieved final victory (71–65). Australia won World Championship bronze medals for first time in their history. The similar story took place at the next World Championship which took place in 2002 in ChinaUnited States defeated Russian team at the preliminary round with margin of 34 points (89–55) but later they faced with stronger resistance from Russian side in the final. Despite of this, US team won final match with margin of 5 points (79–74) and captured seventh World title while Australia took bronze medals for second time in a row. At the next 2006 World Championship in Brazil, Russian team lost to United States at the preliminary round (80–90) and then lost two more matches at the group stage. But after group stage, Russia achieved remarkable victory by beating US team in semifinals (75–68). It was only first defeat of United States for 12 years at the either Olympic Games or World Championships (and the last till nowadays). They finished only at third place after beating hosts in a bronze medal match (99–59). After this success, Russia was unable to show the same resistance to Australian team who won final match with margin of 17 points (91–74). Therefore, Australia became only fourth national team to win either Olympic or World title in the history of women's basketball.

The next World Championship took place in 2010 in Czech Republic. Many people waited for another match between United States and Russia in playoffs. Both teams won all their group matches but then Russia suffered shocking defeat to Belarus in the quarterfinals (53–70). The defending champions, Australia also surprisingly lost quarterfinal match to hosts - Czech team (68–79). In the semifinals, Czech Republic beat Belarus in overtime (81–77) and reach final match for the first time after dissolution of Czechoslovakia. However, in the final match United States looked stronger and managed to return World title after victory with margin of 20 points (89–69). Spain won World Championship medals for first time in their history after beating Belarus in a bronze medal match (77–68). The next two World Championships were held without participation of Russian team who failed to qualify to these tournaments. In 2014 US team repeated their success by beating Spain in the final match (77–64). The home team, Turkey managed to reach semifinals for first time in history but failed to win medals after losing to Australia in a bronze medal match (44–74). At the next 2018 World Championship in Spain, United States captured gold again after victory over Australia in a final match (73–56). Therefore, US team won seven of last nine World Championships and captured their 10th World title. The home team, Spain reached podium for third time in a row after victory over Belgium in a bronze medal match (67–60).

Results

Summaries

YearHosts (final location)Gold medal gameBronze medal gameNumber of teams
GoldScoreSilverBronzeScoreFourth place
1953
Details
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg
United States
49–36Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
Flag of France (1794-1815, 1830-1958).svg
France
49–37Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
10
1957
Details
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg
United States
51–48Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
83–70Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
12
1959
Details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
51–38Flag of Bulgaria (1948-1967).svg
Bulgaria
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
79–43Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
8
1964
Details
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
70–35Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
Flag of Bulgaria (1948-1967).svg
Bulgaria
46–42Flag of the United States.svg
United States
13
1967
Details
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
83–50Flag of South Korea (1949-1984).svg
South Korea
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
60–54Flag of East Germany.svg
East Germany
11
1971
Details
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
88–69Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg
Brazil
70–63Flag of South Korea (1949-1984).svg
South Korea
13
1975
Details
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
106–75Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
Japan
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
55–45Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
13
1979
Details
Flag of South Korea (1949-1984).svg  South Korea Flag of the United States.svg
United States
82–94Flag of South Korea (1949-1984).svg
South Korea
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Canada
66–57Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
12
1983
Details
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
84–82Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
71–63Flag of South Korea (1949-1984).svg
South Korea
14
1986
Details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Flag of the United States.svg
United States
108–88Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Canada
64–59Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
12
1990
Details
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Flag of the United States.svg
United States
88–78Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
83–61Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
16
1994
Details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
96–87Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
100–95Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
16
1998
Details
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
United States
71–65Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
72–67Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
16
2002
Details
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
United States
79–74Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
91–63Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg
South Korea
16
2006
Details
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
91–74Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg
United States
99–59Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
16
2010
Details
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Flag of the United States.svg
United States
89–69Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czech Republic
Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
77–68Flag of Belarus (1995-2012).svg
Belarus
16
2014
Details
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Flag of the United States.svg
United States
77–64Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
74–44Flag of Turkey.svg
Turkey
16
2018
Details
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Flag of the United States.svg
United States
73–56Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
67–60Flag of Belgium (civil).svg
Belgium
16
2022
Details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 12

Note: From 1953 through 1979 the medalists were decided in a league format instead of in a knockout tournament; results of the final round matches are shown.

Medal table

Map of countries' best results FIBA Basketball Championships for Women countries.png
Map of countries' best results
Italics indicates nations that no longer exist.
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States 101213
2Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 6208
3Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 1135
4Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1012
5Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 0303
6Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 0246
7Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 0202
8Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 0123
9Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 0112
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 0112
11Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 0101
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 0101
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 0101
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 0101
15Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 0022
16Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 0011
Flag of France.svg  France 0011
Totals (17 nations)18181854

Participating nations

Team Flag of Chile.svg
1953
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
1957
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
1959
Flag of Peru.svg
1964
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
1967
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg
1971
Flag of Colombia.svg
1975
Flag of South Korea (1949-1984).svg
1979
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg
1983
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
1986
Flag of Malaysia.svg
1990
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
1994
Flag of Germany.svg
1998
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
2002
Flag of Brazil.svg
2006
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
2010
Flag of Turkey.svg
2014
Flag of Spain.svg
2018
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
2022
Total
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola 16th1
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 6th9th13th11th15th10th9th14th15th9
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 10th10th9th10th4th11th9th6th4th3rd3rd1st5th3rd2ndQ16
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus 4th10th2
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 4th1
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia 10th1
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 4th4th5th8th3rd12th9th5th11th10th1st4th7th4th9th11th16
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 2nd3rd7th6th7th8th7
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 10th11th3rd9th3rd7th7th10th12th5th7th11
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 2nd7th11th3
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 3rd5th9th2nd12th6th12th13th6th6th10
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei 12th14th14th14th4
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 7th1
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  DR Congo 14th15th16th3
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 10th12th7th10th6th3rd6th7th9th11th12th11
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 7th2nd9th3
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 3rd3rd2nd3rd2nd3rd4th4th8
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 4th1
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 12th1
Flag of France.svg  France 3rd10th6th7th9th8th5th6th7th5th10
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 11th1
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 11th11th2
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 5th7th9th8th10th5
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 9th4th5th13th11th5
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 9th5th5th2nd6th12th12th12th9th13th10th14th9th13
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 16th1
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 13th1
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 6th11th6th3
Flag of Madagascar.svg  Madagascar 13th1
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 11th16th2
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali 15th1
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 8th8th6th3
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique 15th1
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 8th1
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 15th1
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 16th8th2
Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea 8th1
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay 5th6th12th3
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 7th11th7th13th4
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 5th7th13th3
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico 16th1
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 6th1
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 2nd2nd2nd7th4
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 13th12th14th14th15th15th16th12th8
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 12th8th2
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 5th8th2
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 8th2nd4th5th2nd4th10th11th10th13th4th13th8th13th14th15
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 2nd1st1st1st1st1st1st2nd5th9
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 8th5th5th8th3rd2nd3rd7
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 9th1
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 16th1
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 4th10th2
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1st1st4th11th8th8th1st2nd1st1st3rd1st1st3rd1st1st1st17
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 4th6th6th8th2nd5
Total1012813111213131214121616161616161612

Most successful players

Boldface denotes active basketball players and highest medal count among all players (including these who not included in these tables) per type.

Multiple gold medalists

RankPlayerCountryFromToGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Sue Bird Flag of the United States.svg  United States 20022018415
2 Raisa Mikhaylova (Kuznetsova) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 19571967314
Nina Poznanskaya Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 19571967314
4 Diana Taurasi Flag of the United States.svg  United States 20062018314
5 Tina Charles Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2010201833
Uļjana (Iulijaka) Semjonova Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 1971198333
Skaidrīte Smildziņa Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 1959196733
8 Jennifer Azzi Flag of the United States.svg  United States 19901998213
Tamika Catchings Flag of the United States.svg  United States 20022010213
Teresa Edwards Flag of the United States.svg  United States 19861994213
Lisa Leslie Flag of the United States.svg  United States 19942002213
Katrina McClain Flag of the United States.svg  United States 19861994213
DeLisha Milton-Jones Flag of the United States.svg  United States 19982006213
Katie Smith Flag of the United States.svg  United States 19982006213
Dawn Staley Flag of the United States.svg  United States 19942002213

Multiple medalists

The table shows those who have won at least 4 medals in total at the World Cups.

RankPlayerCountryFromToGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Sue Bird Flag of the United States.svg  United States 20022018415
2 Raisa Mikhaylova (Kuznetsova) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 19571967314
Nina Poznanskaya Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 19571967314
4 Diana Taurasi Flag of the United States.svg  United States 20062018314
5 Milena Jindrová Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 19641975224

See also

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References

  1. "Spain submits candidature to host 2018 FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup" (Press release). FIBA. 31 October 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  2. "Mainini: calendar, system of competition and 3x3 our biggest priorities" (Press release). FIBA. 20 April 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2012.