Ghormach District

Last updated
Ghormach District

غورماچ
Afghanistan adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Ghormach District
Location in Afghanistan
Coordinates: 35°43′32″N63°47′22″E / 35.72556°N 63.78944°E / 35.72556; 63.78944 Coordinates: 35°43′32″N63°47′22″E / 35.72556°N 63.78944°E / 35.72556; 63.78944
CountryFlag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan
Province Badghis Province
Seat Ghormach
Area
  Total804 sq mi (2,083 km2)
Population
 (2003)
  Total52,566

Ghormach (Persian: ولسوالی غورماچ) is a district situated in the northwest of Faryab Province of Afghanistan. The district centre is Ghormach.

Contents

Demographics

The estimated population of Ghormach District in 2003 was roughly 52,566. Based upon the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development of Afghanistan's (MRRD) district profile for Ghormach, Pashtuns made up 97% of the total population, followed by 2% Aimaqs and 1% Baloch. [1]

In 2008, Ghormach was transferred from Badghis to Faryab province. All administration issues dealt by Faryab. [2]

Politics

Ghormach district experienced a resurgence in poppy cultivation after the fall of the Taliban government in 2001, although the Karzai government's eradication program had made some headway by spring 2007. [3]

Moalem Nooruddin was the chief district officer in 2007 when he was believed to have been captured by the Taliban on 16 December 2007. Other district leaders include Abdullah Jan and as of July 2010 Qari Dalat. [4] As of 2007 much of Ghormach District was under Taliban control. [5] [6]

Taliban captured the district on 11 October 2016. [7]

Geography

Ghormach district has 100 villages which covers an area of 2,083 km2. Murghab is surrounded by Turkmenistan, Bala Murghab of Badghis Province, Almar and Qaysar districts of neighbouring Faryab Province.

Notable localities in this district include Ab-i-Garmak, Arzanak, Du Abi, Garband, Husayn, Joy-i-Shor, Karez, Khatun, Khushki, Pamakhtu, Petaw, Rangin, Rashid, Sartakit, Sawriwon, Senjetak and Sharshari.

Education

There is 1 high school, 2 secondary schools and 13 primary schools in the district. [1]

Related Research Articles

Faryab Province Province of Afghanistan

Faryab is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, which is located in the north of the country bordering neighboring Turkmenistan. It has a population of about 1,109,223, which is multi-ethnic and mostly a tribal society. The province encompasses 15 districts and over 1,000 villages. The capital of Faryab province is Maymana. It also borders Jowzjan Province, Sar-e Pol Province, Ghor Province and Badghis Province.

Panjdeh incident Armed engagement between the Russian Empire and the Emirate of Afghanistan in 1885

The Panjdeh incident was an armed engagement between Afghanistan and the Russian Empire in 1885 that led to a diplomatic crisis between the British Empire and the Russian Empire caused by the Russian expansion south-eastwards towards the Emirate of Afghanistan and the British Raj (India). After nearly completing the Russian conquest of Central Asia the Russians captured an Afghan border fort, threatening British interests in the area. Seeing a threat to India, Britain prepared for war but both sides backed down and the matter was settled by diplomacy. The effect of this incident was to stop further Russian expansion in Asia, except for the Pamir Mountains and to define the north-western border of Afghanistan.

Marghab River

The Murghāb River, also called Margos, Margu and Margiana River ) and from Turkmen language "murgas", is an 850-kilometre (530 mi) long river in Central Asia. It rises in central-western Afghanistan specially from Marghab District. The river takes its name from the region of Marghab District in Ghor province and runs north-west towards the Bala Murghab. Reaching the oasis of Mary in the Karakum Desert of Turkmenistan, the Murghab debouches into the Karakum Canal, a diversion of water from the Amu Darya.

Bala Murghab District Place in Badghis, Afghanistan

Bala murghab is a district situated in the northeast of Badghis Province, Afghanistan. The district capital is Bala Murghab city which is located along the Murghab River. Bala Murghab is surrounded by some other important districts such as Ab Kamari, Muqur, Jawand, and Qadis.

Afghan Civil War (1992–1996)

This article covers a part of the contemporary Afghan history that started between 28 April 1992, the day that a new interim Afghan government was supposed to replace the Republic of Afghanistan of President Mohammad Najibullah, and the Taliban's conquest of Kabul establishing the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan on 27 September 1996.

Muqur District, Badghis Place in Padghis, Afghanistan

Muqur District is a district located within Badghis Province in the western part of Afghanistan. It is located between the districts of Ab Kamari to the east, Qala i Naw to the south, Qadis to the southeast and Bala Murghab to the northeast. To the north is the national border with Turkmenistan. The district is in a long river valley. The estimated population in 2019 was 26,375.

Qadis District district in Badghis, Afghanistan

The Qadis District is located in the southern part of Badghis province, Afghanistan, between the districts Jawand in the East, Qala i Naw in the west, Muqur and Bala Murghab in the North. In the South is the Herat province. The capital is Qadis.

Operation Karez

Operation Karez was a military operation between May 13–23, 2008 involving Norwegian and German ISAF and Afghan government forces against the Taliban as part of the war in Afghanistan. Their objective was to eliminate the presence of Taliban insurgents who had regrouped in the area in the aftermath of Operation Harekate Yolo in late 2007.

Ghormach Place in Faryab Province, Afghanistan

Ghormach or Ghowrmach is a village in Faryab Province in north western Afghanistan. It serves as the center of Ghormach District.

Bala Murghab Place in Badghis Province, Afghanistan

Bala Murghab is a city in the Badghis Province of northwestern Afghanistan, located on the Murghab River. It is the district center for the Bala Murghab District. Bala Murghab is the largest city of Badghis Province, while Bala Murghab District, with a population of 109,381, is also the most populous district of the province. Close to Bala Murghab lie the ruins of the medieval city Marw al-Rudh, the historical capital of the medieval region of Gharjistan. As of January 2020, it is heavily contested by Taliban and Afghan National Security Forces.

Balamorghab ambush

The Balamorghab ambush occurred on 27 November 2008, when vehicles carrying Afghan security forces were attacked by Taliban insurgents led by Ghulam Dastagir. The ambush took place near Balamorghab in Badghis Province, in northwestern Afghanistan, and resulted in heavy casualties for the government forces. It was described as "one of the most humiliating attacks the Afghan security forces had ever suffered".

Badghis Province Province of Afghanistan

Bādghīs is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the northwest of the country, on the border with Turkmenistan. It is considered to be one of the country's most underdeveloped provinces. The capital is Qala i Naw, while the most populous city and district is Bala Murghab. The ruins of the medieval city of Marw al-Rudh, the historical capital of the medieval region of Gharjistan, are located in the province near the modern city of Bala Murghab.

Afghan Border Force

The Afghan Border Police (ABP) secure Afghanistan's 5,529 kilometres (3,436 mi) border with neighboring countries and all its international airports. It also administers immigration services such as checking documents of foreigners entering the country or deporting them. The ABP's anti-narcotic efforts are a prominent concern to the international community at present. The ABP and other divisions of the Afghan National Police jointly patrol a 55 km-wide corridor along the entirety of Afghanistan's border, particularly the longest and porous Durand Line border in the southeast with neighboring Pakistan.

The Battles of Mazar-i-Sharif were a part of the Afghan Civil War and took place in 1997 and 1998 between the forces of Abdul Malik Pahlawan and his Hazara allies, Junbish-e Milli-yi Islami-yi Afghanistan, and the Taliban.

The following lists events that happened during 2015 in Afghanistan.

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Khorasan Province Branch of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant operating in Afghanistan and Pakistan

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Khorasan Province is a branch of the militant Islamist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) active in South Asia and Central Asia. Some media sources also use the terms ISK, ISISK, IS-KP, ISIS-K, or Daesh-Khorasan in referring to the group. The Khorasan group's main activity is in the border region of eastern Afghanistan and northern Pakistan, but its area of operations also includes other parts such as Tajikistan, and India where individuals have pledged allegiance to it.

Events in the year 2018 in Afghanistan.

Ghazni offensive

The Ghazni offensive began on 10 August 2018, when Taliban fighters launched an assault on the city of Ghazni, Afghanistan's sixth largest city and one which has been culturally and strategically important for much of the country's history. The attack resulted in the deaths of hundreds of insurgents, soldiers, police, and civilians. The city also sustained large-scale property damage. The battle, occurring only weeks before Afghanistan's 2018 parliamentary election, was the largest since a three-day truce in June had raised hopes of peace talks.

Events from the year 2020 in Afghanistan.

References

  1. 1 2 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-01-06. Retrieved 2009-07-23.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. LLC, Books (May 2010). Badghis Province Geography: Ghormach District, Ghowrmach, Qala I Naw, Afghanistan, Jawand, Morghab, Afghanistan, Bala Bowkan, Pa'in Bowkan. General Books LLC. ISBN   978-1-155-61339-0.
  3. "Afghan police attacked during counter-narcotics campaign in northwest" 4 April 2007 BBC Monitoring South Asia - Political; excerpt from report by Afghan independent Radio Sahar on 4 April 2007
  4. "Taliban claim abducting district chief, guards in Badghis" 19 December 2007 Pajhwak Afghan News Agency from Afgha.com
  5. "Afghan governor says saboteurs behind insecurity in northern province" 3 October 2007 BBC Monitoring South Asia - Political; text of report by private Afghan Arzu TV on 3 October 2007
  6. "Taleban, Afghan official give contradictory information on attack" 4 May 2007 BBC Monitoring South Asia - Political; text of report by Pakistan-based Afghan Islamic Press news agency, Herat, 4 May 2007
  7. "Afghanistan: Taliban captures Ghormach district". Al Jazeera. 11 October 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2017.