The World Cup of Golf is a men's golf tournament contested by teams of two representing their country. Only one team is allowed from each country. The players are selected on the basis of the Official World Golf Ranking, although not all of the first choice players choose to compete. The equivalent event for women was the Women's World Cup of Golf, played from 2005 to 2008.
Golf is a club-and-ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.
The Official World Golf Ranking is a system for rating the performance level of male professional golfers. It was started in 1986.
The Women's World Cup of Golf was a professional golf tournament contested by teams of two female golfers representing their respective countries. The tournament was played in two incarnations, first in 2000 at Adare Manor Hotel & Golf Resort, County Limerick in Ireland sanctioned by the Ladies European Tour, and later annually between 2005 and 2008 in South Africa sanctioned also by the LPGA Tour, money unofficial on both tours. The purse in the final year was US$1.4 million. The field consisted of twenty-two teams and each qualifying country could field one team. It was held in January or February, at the beginning of the season for the world's dominant professional tour, the U.S. LPGA Tour, and of other major tours such as those in Japan and Europe.
The tournament was founded by Canadian industrialist John Jay Hopkins, who hoped it would promote international goodwill through golf. It began in 1953 as the Canada Cup and changed its name to the World Cup in 1967.With Fred Corcoran as the Tournament Director and the International Golf Association behind it (1955–77), the World Cup traveled the globe and grew to be one of golf's most prestigious tournaments throughout the 1960s and 1970s, but interest in the event faded to the point that the event was not held in 1981 or 1986.
John Jay Hopkins was founder and president of General Dynamics from 1952 to 1957.
Fred J. Corcoran was a golf tournament director, publicist, agent and business manager. Known around the world as "Mr. Golf," he was one of the first non-players to be inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1975. He acted as tournament manager of the PGA in the 1930s, promotion manager in the 1940s; the founder of the LPGA, the Golf Writers Association of America, the Metropolitan Golf Writers Association; tournament director of the Thunderbird and Westchester Classic; and the director of the International Golf Association. In addition to golf, his diverse career also included the world of baseball, boxing, hockey, football as he at one time managed the business affairs of Sam Snead, Ted Williams, Babe Zaharias, Stan Musial, Tony Lema, Ken Venturi, Seve Ballesteros, Tom Weiskopf and Pete Gogolak.
The tournament was incorporated into the World Golf Championships series from 2000 to 2006. In 2007 it ceased to be a World Golf Championships event, but continued to be sanctioned by the International Federation of PGA Tours.
The World Golf Championships (WGC) are a group of four annual events for professional golfers created by the International Federation of PGA Tours. All four WGC tournaments are official money events on the PGA Tour, European Tour, and the Japan Golf Tour, and officially sanctioned by the Asian Tour, Sunshine Tour, and PGA Tour of Australasia.
From 2007 through 2009 the tournament was held at the Mission Hills Golf Club in Shenzhen, China, receiving the name Mission Hills World Cup. There was no tournament in 2010, it having been announced that the event would change from annual to biennial, held in odd-numbered years, to accommodate the 2016 inclusion of golf at the Olympics.The 2011 tournament was at a new venue — Mission Hills Haikou in the Chinese island province of Hainan.
Mission Hills Shenzhen is a twelve course 18-hole course golf resort, located in the town of Guanlan (觀瀾) in Shenzhen, between the cities of Shenzhen and Dongguan. It is accredited as the world's largest golf facility by the Guinness World Records in 2004, surpassing the Pinehurst Resort in the United States. It currently has 11 championship courses and an 18-hole par three course, each designed by a different golf personality. Ken Chu, also known as “Mr. Golf" in China, is the Chairman and CEO for Mission Hills Group.
Shenzhen is a major city in Guangdong Province, China; it forms part of the Pearl River Delta megalopolis, bordering Hong Kong to the south, Huizhou to the northeast, and Dongguan to the northwest. It holds sub-provincial administrative status, with powers slightly less than those of a province.
Golf was featured in the Summer Olympic Games official programme in 1900 and 1904. At the IOC session in Copenhagen in October 2009, the IOC decided to reinstate this event for the 2016 Summer Olympics.
The United States has a clear lead in wins, with 24 as of 2016.
In 1953, the format was 36 holes of stroke play with the combined score of the two-man team determining the winner. From 1954 to 1999, the format was 72 holes of stroke play. Beginning in 2000, the format became alternating stroke play rounds of bestball (fourball) and alternate shot (foursomes).
Fourball is a playing format in the game of golf. It is also known as best ball or more properly better ball.
The 2013 tournament was primarily an individual event with a team component. The 60-player field was selected based on the Official World Golf Ranking (OWGR) with up to two players per country allowed to qualify (four per country if they are within the top 15 of the OWGR). The format returned to 72 holes of stroke play, with the individuals competing for US$7 million of the $8 million total purse. OWGR points were awarded for the first time. The top two-ranked players from each country competed for the team portion, using combined stroke play scores.The individual portion was similar to what would be used at the 2016 Summer Olympics, except that England, Scotland, and Wales had teams instead of a single Great Britain team as in the Olympics, while Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland again played as a single team.
In 2016, the format reverted to that used from 2000 to 2011.
From 1955 to 1999, there was also a separate award, the International Trophy, for the individual with the best 72-hole score.
|ISPS Handa Melbourne World Cup of Golf|
|2018||Thomas Pieters & Thomas Detry||Melbourne, Australia|
|ISPS Handa World Cup of Golf|
|2016||Søren Kjeldsen & Thorbjørn Olesen||Melbourne, Australia|
|2013||Jason Day & Adam Scott||Melbourne, Australia|
|Omega Mission Hills World Cup|
|2011||Matt Kuchar & Gary Woodland||Haikou, Hainan Island, China|
|2009||Edoardo Molinari & Francesco Molinari||Shenzhen, China|
|2008||Robert Karlsson & Henrik Stenson||Shenzhen, China|
|2007||Colin Montgomerie & Marc Warren||Shenzhen, China|
|2006||Bernhard Langer & Marcel Siem||Sandy Lane Resort, Barbados|
|2005||Stephen Dodd & Bradley Dredge||Algarve, Portugal|
|2004||Paul Casey & Luke Donald||Seville, Spain|
|2003||Trevor Immelman & Rory Sabbatini||Kiawah Island, South Carolina, United States|
|2002||Toshimitsu Izawa & Shigeki Maruyama||Puerto Vallarta, Mexico|
|2001||Ernie Els & Retief Goosen||Gotemba, Japan|
|2000||David Duval & Tiger Woods||Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|World Cup of Golf|
|1999||Mark O'Meara & Tiger Woods||Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia|
|1998||David Carter & Nick Faldo||Auckland, New Zealand|
|1997||Pádraig Harrington & Paul McGinley||Kiawah Island, South Carolina, United States|
|1996||Ernie Els & Wayne Westner||Cape Town, South Africa|
|1995||Fred Couples & Davis Love III||Shenzhen, China|
|1994||Fred Couples & Davis Love III||Dorado, Puerto Rico|
|1993||Fred Couples & Davis Love III||Orlando, Florida, United States|
|1992||Fred Couples & Davis Love III||Madrid, Spain|
|1991||Anders Forsbrand & Per-Ulrik Johansson||Rome, Italy|
|1990||Torsten Giedeon & Bernhard Langer||Orlando, Florida, United States|
|1989||Peter Fowler & Wayne Grady||Marbella, Spain|
|1988||Ben Crenshaw & Mark McCumber||Melbourne, Australia|
|1987||David Llewellyn & Ian Woosnam||Maui, Hawaii, United States|
|1985||Dave Barr & Dan Halldorson||La Quinta, California, United States|
|1984||José Maria Cañizares & José Rivero||Rome, Italy|
|1983||Rex Caldwell & John Cook||Jakarta, Indonesia|
|1982||José Maria Cañizares & Manuel Piñero||Acapulco, Mexico|
|1980||Dan Halldorson & Jim Nelford||Bogotá, Colombia|
|1979||Hale Irwin & John Mahaffey||Athens, Greece|
|1978||John Mahaffey & Andy North||Hanalei, Hawaii, United States|
|1977||Seve Ballesteros & Antonio Garrido||Manila, Philippines|
|1976||Seve Ballesteros & Manuel Piñero||Palm Springs, California, United States|
|1975||Lou Graham & Johnny Miller||Bangkok, Thailand|
|1974||Bobby Cole & Dale Hayes||Caracas, Venezuela|
|1973||Johnny Miller & Jack Nicklaus||Marbella, Spain|
|1972||Hsieh Min-Nan & Lu Liang-Huan||Melbourne, Australia|
|1971||Jack Nicklaus & Lee Trevino||Palm Beach, Florida, United States|
|1970||Bruce Devlin & David Graham||Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|1969||Orville Moody & Lee Trevino||Singapore|
|1968||Al Balding & George Knudson||Rome, Italy|
|1967||Jack Nicklaus & Arnold Palmer||Mexico City, Mexico|
|1966||Jack Nicklaus & Arnold Palmer||Tokyo, Japan|
|1965||Harold Henning & Gary Player||Madrid, Spain|
|1964||Jack Nicklaus & Arnold Palmer||Maui, Hawaii, United States|
|1963||Jack Nicklaus & Arnold Palmer||Paris, France|
|1962||Arnold Palmer & Sam Snead||Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|1961||Jimmy Demaret & Sam Snead||Dorado, Puerto Rico|
|1960||Arnold Palmer & Sam Snead||Portmarnock, Dublin, Ireland|
|1959||Kel Nagle & Peter Thomson||Melbourne, Australia|
|1958||Harry Bradshaw & Christy O'Connor Snr||Mexico City, Mexico|
|1957||Torakichi Nakamura & Koichi Ono||Tokyo, Japan|
|1956||Ben Hogan & Sam Snead||Wentworth, Surrey, England|
|1955||Ed Furgol & Chick Harbert||Washington, DC, United States|
|1954||Kel Nagle & Peter Thomson||Montreal, Canada|
|1953||Antonio Cerdá & Roberto De Vicenzo||Montreal, Canada|
|Year||Winner||Country||Score||To par||Margin of|
|2016–2018: No individual tournament|
|2013||Jason Day||274||−10||2 strokes|
|2000–2011: No individual tournament|
|1999||Tiger Woods||263||−21||9 strokes|
|1998||Scott Verplank||279||−9||1 stroke|
|1997||Colin Montgomerie||266||−22||2 strokes|
|1996||Ernie Els||272||−16||3 strokes|
|1995||Davis Love III||267||−21||Playoff|
|1994||Fred Couples||265||−23||5 strokes|
|1993||Bernhard Langer||272||−16||3 strokes|
|1991||Ian Woosnam||273||−15||3 strokes|
|1990||Payne Stewart||271||−17||2 strokes|
|1989||Peter Fowler||137||−7||1 stroke|
|1988||Ben Crenshaw||275||−13||1 stroke|
|1987||Ian Woosnam||274||−14||5 strokes|
|1986: No tournament|
|1985||Howard Clark||272||−16||5 strokes|
|1984||José María Cañizares||205||−11||2 strokes|
|1983||Dave Barr||276||−12||3 strokes|
|1982||Manuel Piñero||281||−3||1 stroke|
|1981: No tournament|
|1980||Sandy Lyle||282||−6||1 stroke|
|1979||Hale Irwin||285||−3||2 strokes|
|1978||John Mahaffey||281||−7||2 strokes|
|1977||Gary Player||289||+1||3 strokes|
|1976||Ernesto Acosta||282||−6||3 strokes|
|1975||Johnny Miller||275||−13||2 strokes|
|1974||Bobby Cole||271||−9||5 strokes|
|1973||Johnny Miller||277||−11||3 strokes|
|1972||Hsieh Min-Nan||217||+1||2 strokes|
|1971||Jack Nicklaus||271||−17||7 strokes|
|1970||Roberto De Vicenzo||269||−19||1 stroke|
|1969||Lee Trevino||275||−9||1 stroke|
|1968||Al Balding||274||−14||5 strokes|
|1967||Arnold Palmer||276||−12||5 strokes|
|1965||Gary Player||281||−7||3 strokes|
|1964||Jack Nicklaus||276||−12||2 strokes|
|1963||Jack Nicklaus||237||−15||5 strokes|
|1962||Roberto De Vicenzo||276||−4||2 strokes|
|1961||Sam Snead||272||−16||8 strokes|
|1960||Flory Van Donck||279||−9||2 strokes|
|1957||Torakichi Nakamura||274||−14||7 strokes|
|1956||Ben Hogan||277||−7||5 strokes|
|1953–54: No individual award|
Samuel Jackson Snead was an American professional golfer who was one of the top players in the world for the better part of four decades. Snead won a record 82 PGA Tour events, including seven majors. He never won the U.S. Open, though he was runner-up four times.
Arnold Daniel Palmer was an American professional golfer who is generally regarded as one of the greatest and most charismatic players in the sport's history. Dating back to 1955, he won numerous events on both the PGA Tour and the circuit now known as PGA Tour Champions. Nicknamed The King, he was one of golf's most popular stars and seen as a trailblazer, the first superstar of the sport's television age, which began in the 1950s.
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Jack William Nicklaus, nicknamed The Golden Bear, is a retired American professional golfer. Many observers regard him as the greatest golfer of all time. During a span of more than 25 years, he won a record 18 major championships while producing 19 second-place and 9 third-place finishes. Nicklaus focused on the major championships—Masters Tournament, U.S. Open, Open Championship and PGA Championship—and played a selective schedule of regular PGA Tour events, yet still finished with 73 victories, third on the all-time list behind Sam Snead (82) and Tiger Woods (80).
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The Sentry Tournament of Champions is the calendar-year opening tournament of golf's PGA Tour season, played in Hawaii on the island of Maui. The tournament was founded in 1953; its field is restricted to golfers who won a tournament on the tour during the previous calendar year. From 1986 through 2013, it was the opening event of each tour season; the PGA Tour switched to its wrap-around October–September season in the fall of 2013.
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