The World Cup of Golf is a men's golf tournament contested by teams of two representing their country. Only one team is allowed from each country. The players are selected on the basis of the Official World Golf Ranking, although not all of the first choice players choose to compete. The equivalent event for women was the Women's World Cup of Golf, played from 2005 to 2008.
The tournament was founded by Canadian industrialist John Jay Hopkins, who hoped it would promote international goodwill through golf. It began in 1953 as the Canada Cup and changed its name to the World Cup in 1967.With Fred Corcoran as the Tournament Director and the International Golf Association behind it (1955–1977), the World Cup traveled the globe and grew to be one of golf's most prestigious tournaments throughout the 1960s and 1970s, but interest in the event faded to the point that the event was not held in 1981 or 1986.
The tournament was incorporated into the World Golf Championships series from 2000 to 2006. In 2007 it ceased to be a World Golf Championships event, but continued to be sanctioned by the International Federation of PGA Tours.
From 2007 through 2009 the tournament was held at the Mission Hills Golf Club in Shenzhen, China, receiving the name Mission Hills World Cup. There was no tournament in 2010, it having been announced that the event would change from annual to biennial, held in odd-numbered years, to accommodate the 2016 inclusion of golf at the Olympics.The 2011 tournament was at a new venue — Mission Hills Haikou in the Chinese island province of Hainan.
The United States has a clear lead in wins, with 24 as of 2018.
In 1953, the format was 36 holes of stroke play with the combined score of the two-man team determining the winner. From 1954 to 1999, the format was 72 holes of stroke play. Beginning in 2000, the format became alternating stroke play rounds of bestball (fourball) and alternate shot (foursomes).
The 2013 tournament was primarily an individual event with a team component. The 60-player field was selected based on the Official World Golf Ranking (OWGR) with up to two players per country allowed to qualify (four per country if they are within the top 15 of the OWGR). The format returned to 72 holes of stroke play, with the individuals competing for US$7 million of the $8 million total purse. OWGR points were awarded for the first time. The top two-ranked players from each country competed for the team portion, using combined stroke play scores.The individual portion was similar to what would be used at the 2016 Summer Olympics, except that England, Scotland, and Wales had teams instead of a single Great Britain team as in the Olympics, while Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland again played as a single team.
In 2016, the format reverted to that used from 2000 to 2011.
From 1955 to 1999, there was also a separate award, the International Trophy, for the individual with the best 72-hole score.
|ISPS Handa Melbourne World Cup of Golf|
|2018||Thomas Detry and Thomas Pieters||Melbourne, Australia|
|ISPS Handa World Cup of Golf|
|2016||Søren Kjeldsen and Thorbjørn Olesen||Melbourne, Australia|
|2013||Jason Day and Adam Scott||Melbourne, Australia|
|Omega Mission Hills World Cup|
|2011||Matt Kuchar and Gary Woodland||Haikou, Hainan Island, China|
|2009||Edoardo Molinari and Francesco Molinari||Shenzhen, China|
|2008||Robert Karlsson and Henrik Stenson||Shenzhen, China|
|2007||Colin Montgomerie and Marc Warren||Shenzhen, China|
|2006||Bernhard Langer and Marcel Siem||Sandy Lane Resort, Barbados|
|2005||Stephen Dodd and Bradley Dredge||Algarve, Portugal|
|2004||Paul Casey and Luke Donald||Seville, Spain|
|2003||Trevor Immelman and Rory Sabbatini||Kiawah Island, South Carolina, United States|
|2002||Toshimitsu Izawa and Shigeki Maruyama||Puerto Vallarta, Mexico|
|2001||Ernie Els and Retief Goosen||Gotemba, Japan|
|2000||David Duval and Tiger Woods||Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|World Cup of Golf|
|1999||Mark O'Meara and Tiger Woods||Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia|
|1998||David Carter and Nick Faldo||Auckland, New Zealand|
|1997||Pádraig Harrington and Paul McGinley||Kiawah Island, South Carolina, United States|
|1996||Ernie Els and Wayne Westner||Cape Town, South Africa|
|1995||Fred Couples and Davis Love III||Shenzhen, China|
|1994||Fred Couples and Davis Love III||Dorado, Puerto Rico|
|1993||Fred Couples and Davis Love III||Orlando, Florida, United States|
|1992||Fred Couples and Davis Love III||Madrid, Spain|
|1991||Anders Forsbrand and Per-Ulrik Johansson||Rome, Italy|
|1990||Torsten Giedeon and Bernhard Langer||Orlando, Florida, United States|
|1989||Peter Fowler and Wayne Grady||Marbella, Spain|
|1988||Ben Crenshaw and Mark McCumber||Melbourne, Australia|
|1987||David Llewellyn and Ian Woosnam||Maui, Hawaii, United States|
|1985||Dave Barr and Dan Halldorson||La Quinta, California, United States|
|1984||José Maria Cañizares and José Rivero||Rome, Italy|
|1983||Rex Caldwell and John Cook||Jakarta, Indonesia|
|1982||José Maria Cañizares and Manuel Piñero||Acapulco, Mexico|
|1980||Dan Halldorson and Jim Nelford||Bogotá, Colombia|
|1979||Hale Irwin and John Mahaffey||Athens, Greece|
|1978||John Mahaffey and Andy North||Hanalei, Hawaii, United States|
|1977||Seve Ballesteros and Antonio Garrido||Manila, Philippines|
|1976||Seve Ballesteros and Manuel Piñero||Palm Springs, California, United States|
|1975||Lou Graham and Johnny Miller||Bangkok, Thailand|
|1974||Bobby Cole and Dale Hayes||Caracas, Venezuela|
|1973||Johnny Miller and Jack Nicklaus||Marbella, Spain|
|1972||Hsieh Min-Nan and Lu Liang-Huan||Melbourne, Australia|
|1971||Jack Nicklaus and Lee Trevino||Palm Beach Gardens, Florida, United States|
|1970||Bruce Devlin and David Graham||Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|1969||Orville Moody and Lee Trevino||Singapore|
|1968||Al Balding and George Knudson||Rome, Italy|
|1967||Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer||Mexico City, Mexico|
|1966||Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer||Tokyo, Japan|
|1965||Harold Henning and Gary Player||Madrid, Spain|
|1964||Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer||Maui, Hawaii, United States|
|1963||Jack Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer||Paris, France|
|1962||Arnold Palmer and Sam Snead||Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|1961||Jimmy Demaret and Sam Snead||Dorado, Puerto Rico|
|1960||Arnold Palmer and Sam Snead||Portmarnock, Dublin, Ireland|
|1959||Kel Nagle and Peter Thomson||Melbourne, Australia|
|1958||Harry Bradshaw and Christy O'Connor Snr||Mexico City, Mexico|
|1957||Torakichi Nakamura and Koichi Ono||Tokyo, Japan|
|1956||Ben Hogan and Sam Snead||Wentworth, Surrey, England|
|1955||Ed Furgol and Chick Harbert||Washington, DC, United States|
|1954||Kel Nagle and Peter Thomson||Montreal, Canada|
|1953||Antonio Cerdá and Roberto De Vicenzo||Montreal, Canada|
|Year||Winner||Country||Score||To par||Margin of|
|2016–2018: No individual tournament|
|2013||Jason Day||274||−10||2 strokes|
|2000–2011: No individual tournament|
|1999||Tiger Woods||263||−21||9 strokes|
|1998||Scott Verplank||279||−9||1 stroke|
|1997||Colin Montgomerie||266||−22||2 strokes|
|1996||Ernie Els||272||−16||3 strokes|
|1995||Davis Love III||267||−21||Playoff|
|1994||Fred Couples||265||−23||5 strokes|
|1993||Bernhard Langer||272||−16||3 strokes|
|1991||Ian Woosnam||273||−15||3 strokes|
|1990||Payne Stewart||271||−17||2 strokes|
|1989||Peter Fowler||137||−7||1 stroke|
|1988||Ben Crenshaw||275||−13||1 stroke|
|1987||Ian Woosnam||274||−14||5 strokes|
|1986: No tournament|
|1985||Howard Clark||272||−16||5 strokes|
|1984||José María Cañizares||205||−11||2 strokes|
|1983||Dave Barr||276||−12||3 strokes|
|1982||Manuel Piñero||281||−3||1 stroke|
|1981: No tournament|
|1980||Sandy Lyle||282||−6||1 stroke|
|1979||Hale Irwin||285||−3||2 strokes|
|1978||John Mahaffey||281||−7||2 strokes|
|1977||Gary Player||289||+1||3 strokes|
|1976||Ernesto Perez Acosta||282||−6||3 strokes|
|1975||Johnny Miller||275||−13||2 strokes|
|1974||Bobby Cole||271||−9||5 strokes|
|1973||Johnny Miller||277||−11||3 strokes|
|1972||Hsieh Min-Nan||217||+1||2 strokes|
|1971||Jack Nicklaus||271||−17||7 strokes|
|1970||Roberto De Vicenzo||269||−19||1 stroke|
|1969||Lee Trevino||275||−9||1 stroke|
|1968||Al Balding||274||−14||5 strokes|
|1967||Arnold Palmer||276||−12||5 strokes|
|1965||Gary Player||281||−7||3 strokes|
|1964||Jack Nicklaus||276||−12||2 strokes|
|1963||Jack Nicklaus||237||−15||5 strokes|
|1962||Roberto De Vicenzo||276||−4||2 strokes|
|1961||Sam Snead||272||−16||8 strokes|
|1960||Flory Van Donck||279||−9||2 strokes|
|1957||Torakichi Nakamura||274||−14||7 strokes|
|1956||Ben Hogan||277||−7||5 strokes|
|1953–54: No individual award|
Samuel Jackson Snead was an American professional golfer who was one of the top players in the world for the better part of four decades and widely regarded as one of the greatest players of all time. Snead was awarded a record 94 gold medallions, for wins in PGA of America Tour events and later credited with winning a record 82 PGA Tour events, including seven majors. He never won the U.S. Open, though he was runner-up four times. Snead was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1974.
Arnold Daniel Palmer was an American professional golfer who is generally regarded as one of the greatest and most charismatic players in the sport's history. Dating back to 1955, he won numerous events on both the PGA Tour and the circuit now known as PGA Tour Champions. Nicknamed The King, he was one of golf's most popular stars and seen as a trailblazer, the first superstar of the sport's television age, which began in the 1950s.
The United States Open Championship, commonly known as the U.S. Open, is the annual open national championship of golf in the United States. It is the third of the four major championships in golf, and is on the official schedule of both the PGA Tour and the European Tour. Since 1898 the competition has been 72 holes of stroke play, with the winner being the player with the lowest total number of strokes. It is staged by the United States Golf Association (USGA) in mid-June, scheduled so that, if there are no weather delays, the final round is played on the third Sunday. The U.S. Open is staged at a variety of courses, set up in such a way that scoring is very difficult, with a premium placed on accurate driving. As of 2019 the U.S. Open awards a $12.5 million purse, the largest of all 4 major championships and tied for largest of all PGA Tour events.
Jack William Nicklaus, nicknamed The Golden Bear, is an American retired professional golfer. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest golfers of all time. Over a quarter-century, he won a record 18 major championships, three more than second-placed Tiger Woods. Nicklaus focused on the major championships—Masters Tournament, U.S. Open, Open Championship and PGA Championship—and played a selective schedule of regular PGA Tour events. He competed in 164 major tournaments, more than any other player, and finished with 73 PGA Tour victories, third behind Sam Snead (82) and Woods (82).
Gary Player DMS, OIG is a South African retired professional golfer who is widely considered to be one of the greatest golfers ever. During his career, Player won nine major championships on the regular tour and nine major championships on the Champions Tour. At the age of 29, Player won the 1965 U.S. Open and became the only non-American to win all four majors in a career, known as the career Grand Slam. At the time, he was the youngest player to do this, though Jack Nicklaus (26) and Tiger Woods (24) subsequently broke this record. Player became only the third golfer in history to win the Career Grand Slam, following Ben Hogan and Gene Sarazen, and only Nicklaus and Woods have performed the feat since. Player has won 163 tournaments on six continents over seven decades and was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1974.
The Farmers Insurance Open is a professional golf tournament on the PGA Tour, played in the San Diego, California, area in the early part of the season known as the "West Coast Swing".
The men's major golf championships, commonly known as the major championships, often referred to simply as the majors, are the four most prestigious annual tournaments in professional golf. In order of play date as of 2019, they are:
Thomas Edward Lehman is an American professional golfer. A former number 1 ranked golfer, his tournament wins include one major title, the 1996 Open Championship; and he is the only golfer in history to have been awarded the Player of the Year honor on all three PGA Tours: the regular PGA Tour, the Web.com Tour and the PGA Tour Champions.
The World Series of Golf was a professional golf tournament on the PGA Tour, played at Firestone Country Club in Akron, Ohio. From its inception in 1962 through 1975, it was an unofficial 36-hole event matching the winners of the four major championships. In 1976 it became an official PGA Tour event; the field expanded to 20 players and the event was lengthened to 72 holes. the victory and $100,000 winner's share went to Nicklaus. The field was increased to over 40 players in 1983, though it never exceeded 50; NEC began sponsoring the event in 1984.
The Canadian Open is a professional golf tournament in Canada. It is co-organized by Golf Canada and the PGA Tour. It was first played 116 years ago in 1904, and has been held annually since then, except for during World War I and World War II. It is the third oldest continuously running tournament on the tour, after The Open Championship and the U.S. Open. It is the only national championship that is a PGA Tour-managed event.
The Sentry Tournament of Champions is the calendar-year opening tournament of golf's PGA Tour season, played in Hawaii on the island of Maui. The tournament was founded in 1953; its field is restricted to golfers who won a tournament on the tour during the previous calendar year. From 1986 through 2013, it was the opening event of each tour season; the PGA Tour switched to its wrap-around season in the fall of 2013.
The Arnold Palmer Invitational is a professional golf tournament in Florida on the PGA Tour. It is played each March at the Bay Hill Club and Lodge, a private golf resort owned since 1974 by Arnold Palmer in Bay Hill, a suburb southwest of Orlando.
The following is a partial timeline of the history of golf.
The 1967 Masters Tournament was the 31st Masters Tournament, held April 6–9 at Augusta National Golf Club. Gay Brewer won his only major title by one stroke over runner-up Bobby Nichols.
The 1975 Masters Tournament was the 39th Masters Tournament, held April 10–13 at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia.
The 1949 PGA Championship was the 31st PGA Championship, held May 25–31 in Virginia at Belmont Golf Course, north of Richmond. Native Virginian Sam Snead won the match play championship, 3 & 2 over Johnny Palmer in the Tuesday final; the winner's share was $3,500 and the runner-up's was $1,500.
The Portland Open Invitational was a professional golf tournament in the northwest United States on the PGA Tour, played in Portland, Oregon. Established by Robert A. Hudson with a $10,000 purse in 1944, it was played in from 1944 to 1948 and again from 1959 to 1966. The event was hosted eight times at the Portland Golf Club, and four times at the Columbia Edgewater Country Club. First played as the Portland Open, the revived 1959 event played as the Portland Centennial Open Invitational, in honor of Oregon's centennial of statehood.
Kevin Alan Chappell is an American professional golfer who is currently playing on the PGA Tour.
The 1961 Canada Cup took place June 1–4 at Dorado Beach in Dorado, Puerto Rico. It was the ninth Canada Cup event, which became the World Cup in 1967. The tournament was a 72-hole stroke play team event with 33 teams. These were the same teams that had competed in 1960 but without Central Africa and with the addition of Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Uruguay and Venezuela. Each team consisted of two players from a country. The combined score of each team determined the team results. The American team of Jimmy Demaret and Sam Snead won by 12 strokes over the Australian team of Kel Nagle and Peter Thomson. The individual competition was won by Sam Snead, with a tournament record score of 272, finishing eight shots ahead of Peter Thomson.