Trumbull, Connecticut

Last updated
Trumbull, Connecticut
Capage, Cupheag, Cuphege [1]
Town of Trumbull
Trumbull flag.gif
Trumbullseal.jpg
Motto(s): 
Pride in our Past, Faith in our Future
Fairfield County Connecticut incorporated and unincorporated areas Trumbull highlighted.svg
Location in Fairfield County and the state of Connecticut.
Coordinates: 41°13′59″N73°13′6″W / 41.23306°N 73.21833°W / 41.23306; -73.21833 Coordinates: 41°13′59″N73°13′6″W / 41.23306°N 73.21833°W / 41.23306; -73.21833
Country United States
State Connecticut
County Fairfield
Metropolitan area Bridgeport-Stamford
Settled1639 as Stratford
Incorporated1797 as Trumbull
Government
  Type First selectman-Town council
  First SelectmanVicki Tesoro (D)
  Town CouncilMichael Buswell (R)
Mary Isaac (D)
Dede Robinson (R)
Bill Mecca (D)
Nicole Satin (D)
Donna Seidell (R)
Kevin Shively (D)
Thomas Whitmoyer (D)
Tony Scinto (R)
Jason Marsh (D)
Stephen Choi (R)
Alissa Hall (D)
Kelly Mallozzi (D)
Dawn Cantafio (D)
Joy Colón (D)
Lissette Colon (R)
Ashley Gaudiano (D)
Olga Leiva (R)
Stephen Lemoine (R)
Christopher DeCruze (R)
Carl Massaro, Jr. (R)
Area
  Total23.5 sq mi (60.9 km2)
  Land23.3 sq mi (60.3 km2)
  Water0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation
266 ft (81 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total36,827
  Density1,580.6/sq mi (610.3/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
06611
Area code(s) 203/475
FIPS code 09-77200
GNIS feature ID0213518
Website http://www.trumbull-ct.gov/

Trumbull is a town located in Fairfield County, Connecticut. It borders on the cities of Bridgeport and Shelton and the towns of Stratford, Fairfield, Easton and Monroe. The population was 36,827 during the 2020 census. [2] Trumbull was the home of the Golden Hill Paugussett Indian Nation for thousands of years before the English settlement was made in 1639. The town was named after Jonathan Trumbull (1710–1785), a merchant, patriot and statesman when it was incorporated in 1797. [3] Aviation pioneer Igor Sikorsky lived in Trumbull during his active years when he designed, built, and flew fixed-wing aircraft and put the helicopter into mass production for the first time.

Contents

History

The area comprising the town of Trumbull was occupied by the Paugusset Indian nation for thousands of years before English colonists arrived here during the Great Migration from England and established the town of Stratford, Connecticut in 1639.

In 1725, Stratford residents living in the northern part of the town petitioned the Colony of Connecticut to establish their own separate village. They wished to call their new village Nickol's Farms, after the family who lived in its center. However, the Colony named it Unity instead. The village of Unity merged with the village to its west called Long Hill (organized in 1740), to form the town of "North Stratford" in 1744.

In the late 1780s, North Stratford began to petition the Connecticut General Assembly seeking independence from Stratford. The Assembly finally granted full town rights in October 1797 and named the new town after Jonathan Trumbull (1710–1785), a merchant, patriot, statesman and slave owner when it was incorporated in 1797. [3] Aviation pioneer Igor Sikorsky lived in Trumbull during his active years when he designed, built, and flew fixed-wing aircraft and put the helicopter into mass production for the first time.

Geography

Bodies of water

The Pequonnock River is the only major waterway in Trumbull, beginning northwest of Old Mine Park at the Monroe border and flowing southeasterly through the Pequonnock River Valley State Park, Trumbull Center and Twin Brooks Park. [4] The river leaves Trumbull and continues into Beardsley Park in Bridgeport.

Major bodies of water include Canoe Brook Lake, Pinewood Lake, Tashua Hills Golf Club Pond, and the six Twin Brooks Park ponds. Minor bodies of water include Dogwood Lake, Frog Pond, Kaatz Pond, Kaechele Pond, Porters Pond, Secret Pond, Thrush Wood Lake and Unity Park Pond.

Land

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 23.5 square miles (61 km2), of which 23.3 square miles (60 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2), or 0.98%, is water. According to the U.S. Geological Survey in 1986, the lowest point in town is approximately 40 feet (12 m) above sea level at Beach Park. [5] The highest point is the top of Monitor Hill at 615 feet (187 m) above sea level. [6]

According to the U.S. Geological Society, at 615 ft Monitor Hill (Tashua Hill) in Trumbull is the highest coastal point on the east coast of the United States. It is marked with a plaque on Monitor Hill Road.

Parks

Trumbull has 871.23 acres (3.5257 km2) of park facilities. [7] These areas include:

  • Abraham Nichols Park/Wood's Estate (13.8 acres (56,000 m2))
  • Aldo Memorial Park (Westwind Road) (7.0 acres (28,000 m2))
  • Robert G. Beach Memorial Park (331.0 acres (1.340 km2))
  • Davidow Park (15.2 acres (62,000 m2))
  • Great Oak Park (69.9 acres (283,000 m2))
  • Gunther Pond Park (1.3 acres (5,300 m2))
  • Indian Ledge Park (104.6 acres (0.423 km2))
  • Island Brook Park (47.0 acres (190,000 m2))
  • Kaatz Pond Park ( 17.5 acres (71,000 m2))
  • Kaechele Soccer Fields (12.23 acres (49,500 m2))
  • Long Hill Green (0.1-acre (400 m2))
  • Middlebrooks Park (13.7 acres (55,000 m2))
  • Mischee Brook Park (16.6 acres (67,000 m2))
  • Nothnagle Memorial Field (4.0 acres (16,000 m2))
  • Old Mine Park (Historic Mine Area Dedication) (72.1 acres (292,000 m2))
  • Parlor Rock Historic Amusement Area (2.5 acres (10,000 m2))
  • Strawberry Brook Estates (4.4 acres (18,000 m2))
  • Tashua Recreation Area (20 acres (81,000 m2))
  • Twin Brooks Park (83.2 acres (337,000 m2))
  • Unity Park (35.1 acres (142,000 m2))

State parks

The town of Trumbull, the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection and the Bridgeport Hydraulic Company agreed to make a joint Town and State purchase of land in the Pequonnock River Valley in 1989. The 382-acre (155 ha) parcel cost $9,275,000 and is maintained by the Department of Environmental Protection.

Neighborhoods

Demographics

As of the census [8] of 2000, there were 34,243 people, 11,911 households, and 9,707 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,470.6 people per square mile (567.7/km2). There were 12,160 housing units at an average density of 522.2 per square mile (201.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 94.02% White, 2.70% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 2.38% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.88% of the population.

There were 11,911 households, out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living within them, 71.7% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.5% were non-families. 16.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 26.0% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males. As of the 2000 census, males had a median income of $62,201 versus $41,384 for females. The per capita income for the town was $34,931. About 1.4% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those over age 65.

2008 estimates

According to the American Community Survey (ACS) 2008 estimate, [9] there were 37,134 people, 12,338 households, and 10,021 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,593.73 people per square mile. There were 12,651 housing units (93% ownership, 7% rental) with an average density of 542.9 per square mile.

There were 12,338 households, out of which 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living within them, 69% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.8% were non-families. 17.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the town, the population includes 25.5% under the age of 18 and 20.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $103,082, and the median income for a family was $115,686.The per capita income for the town was $46,307. About 1.7% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those over age 65.

The racial makeup of the town was 92.0% White, 4.1% Asian, 2.9% Black or African American, 0.5% from other races, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.70% of the population. The ten largest ethnicities were Italian 11,025 (29.70%), Irish 9,166 (24.70%), German 4,363 (11.70%), English 3,112 (8.40%), Polish 2,762 (7.40%), Russian 1,558 (4.20%), Hungarian 1,447 (3.90%), French (except Basque) 1,087 (2.90%), Portuguese 885 (2.40%), & Slovak 881 (2.40%).

Notable locations

Bicentennial Fountain. TrumbullCTbicen fountain.jpg
Bicentennial Fountain.
Trumbull's time capsule. TrumbullCTtimecapsule.jpg
Trumbull's time capsule.

Bicentennial fountain and time capsule

The town's Bicentennial fountain is located at the corner of Quality Street and Church Hill Road (Connecticut Route 127), near the main branch of the library and the town hall. It features the Trumbull town seal and a memorial plaque of donors. In 1997 a time capsule was laid at the base of the Bicentennial Fountain with an opening date of October 12, 2097, Trumbull's tricentennial. [10]

On the National Register of Historic Places

Economics

The revised town budget for 2009–2010 is $140,054,187.23. For 2009, Trumbull maintained a AA bond rating on $26.3 million in new general obligation issues. The total of Trumbull GOs is $98.1 million. [11] Trumbull has approximately 1400 businesses. [12]

Commerce

Shopping

The Westfield Trumbull Mall is located on Route 111, or Main Street, on the town boundary with Bridgeport, has over 180 stores including Target, J.C. Penney and Macy's.

The Hawley Lane Mall is located on Hawley Lane south of Route 8 on the town boundary with Stratford and features Best Buy, Kohl's and Target. [13]

Corporate and industrial parks

Located north of the Merritt Parkway and east of Route 8 near the town boundary with Shelton and Stratford, 93,000 square feet (8,600 m2) of commercial space is zoned and includes offices for large firms such as Helicopter Support, Sun Products, Unilever, and United Healthcare. [14] It is also home to the Market Integrity office of the NASDAQ OMX Group. [15]

Economic development

Planning and Zoning Regulations

Professional Office Overlay Zones (formerly Design Districts) have been established on certain areas along White Plains Road (Route 127), Church Hill Road and Main Street (Route 111). [16] A combination Business Commercial Multi-Family Residential Zone, or Mixed-use, has been created around the historic Long Hill Green (dating to 1720), to encourage new commercial development. [17]

Adaptive reuse has been adopted to permit the reuse of all antique structures situated on state numbered roads which have been previously occupied by a non-conforming use, or are deemed historic by the town, and for which uses allowed by the existing zones are no longer viable—resulting in structures that may become badly maintained, under-utilized, vacant or demolished by neglect. [18]

Blight Ordinance

The town amended its Municipal Code effective on October 1, 2012, to establish a Blight Prevention Ordinance pursuant to Section 7-148(c) (7) (H) (xv) of the Municipal Powers Act of the State of Connecticut General Statutes. This new ordinance encourages the rehabilitation of blighted premises by prohibiting any owner(s), or occupant(s) of real property from; allowing, creating, maintaining or causing the creation or maintenance of a blighted premises. [19]

Taxes

The town's grand list assesses the taxable value in Trumbull at $5.114 billion, with a 2017 mill rate of 33.39. The cumulative value of Trumbull real estate is $4.615 billion.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Roads

  • Route 8 runs through the southeast part of town. Route 8 is a freeway that leads to Waterbury and Interstate 84, continues into Massachusetts as Massachusetts Route 8 and finally terminates in Searsburg, Vermont. Nichols residents petitioned the legislature and won a bypass for Route 8 which was initially proposed to be built directly through the center of the historic village in the early 1900s.
  • Route 15, the historic Merritt Parkway, runs north (east) to New Haven (eventually connecting to Interstate 91) and south (west) towards New York City. Route 15 was built through Nichols center displacing a home, the old Nichols Store and Trinity Episcopal Church in 1939.
  • Route 25 runs north to south, merging with Route 8 at the Bridgeport line and continues overlapped with Route 8 (commonly known as the Route 8/25 connector) into Bridgeport ending at Interstate 95. Continuing north on Route 25, the freeway ends as it crosses Route 111 and continues as a surface road towards I-84 in Newtown leading to Danbury.
  • Route 108, also known as Nichols Avenue and Huntington Turnpike, heads north into Trumbull from Stratford at Hawley Lane. The Nichols Avenue portion in Trumbull was completed and its dimensions and abutting landowners were entered into the land records on December 7, 1696, making it the third oldest documented highway in Connecticut. [20] It terminates in Shelton at the intersection with Route 110 (Howe Avenue). Route 108 can be reached via exit 52 from Route 15 or exit 8 from Route 8.
  • Route 111, also known as Main Street, begins at the intersection of Route 15 (exit 48) at the North End of Bridgeport. In 1801, the road connecting Bridgeport to Newtown was called the Bridgeport and Newtown Turnpike. From 1826 to 1852, the road from Trumbull to Stevenson was chartered as a turnpike and called the Monroe and Zoar Bridge Turnpike. Route 111 terminates at Route 34 in Monroe. Prior to the last section of the Route 25 highway opening in 1982, the portion of the current Route 111 from Route 15 to the intersection with the northern terminus of the divided-highway section of Route 25 was known as Route 25 instead of Route 111, with Route 111 starting at the Route 25 intersection.
  • Route 127, also known as White Plains Road and Church Hill Road, runs through the town center from south to north from the East Side of Bridgeport. The section in Trumbull was laid out to Pulpit Rock in 1705. [21] Route 127 ends at the intersection of Main Street (Route 111) at the Town Hall.

Bus

The Greater Bridgeport Transit Authority provides bus service for Trumbull. [22]

Train

3 train stations are nearby Trumbull:

All three stations are served by Metro-North's New Haven Line. [26] [24] Bridgeport's station is served by Amtrak's Northeast Corridor and the Vermonter. [23] All are easily accessible by bus routes or driving. The New Haven Railroad used to serve the town. [27]

Education

Public education

Public schools are managed by the Trumbull Public Schools System and include approximately 6,955 students, 450 teachers and 240 staff. The district has been ranked 18th (of 164) in Connecticut by the National Center for Education Statistics. [28]

The system includes Trumbull High School, which is also home to an Agriscience & Biotechnology program, the Alternative High School, and REACH. Trumbull has two middle schools: Hillcrest Middle School and Madison Middle School. The six elementary schools in town include Booth Hill Elementary, Daniels Farm Elementary, Frenchtown Elementary, Jane Ryan Elementary School, Middlebrook Elementary, and Tashua Elementary. The Trumbull Early Childhood Education Center serves as the town's pre-school. [29]

Private education

Trumbull has several private schools, including the (non-denominational) Christian Heritage School (K–12) and (Catholic) St. Catherine of Siena School (K–8), [30] St. Joseph High School, [31] and St. Theresa School (K–8). [32] A private pre-school, the Montessori Center for Early Learning, is located in Trumbull. [33]

Continuing education

Trumbull provides adult education in a variety of subjects at Trumbull High School, typically in the early evening. [34]

Emergency services

Emergency Medical Services

Trumbull EMS is a combined volunteer/paid organization founded in 1976. Trumbull EMS Headquarters is at 250 Middlebrooks Avenue. Their fleet of vesicles includes two Ford Ambulances, one Mercedes Benz ambulance, and two paramedic rapid response cars. [35] EMT-B and EMT re-certification classes are regularly offered.

Fire departments

Firefighting in the town of Trumbull is served by three independent and all-volunteer fire departments. Each fire department handles its own tax structure and fundraising but receives no funding from the town. There are a total of seven fire stations, equipped with an apparatus fleet of six engines, three ladder trucks (including one quint), three rescues, two squads, two fireboats, one town-wide command trailer, five utility units, and numerous support units. The current Town Fire Marshal is Megan Murphy. [36]

Fire station locations and apparatus

Fire StationEngineLadderRescueSpecial UnitAddressNeighborhood
Trumbull Center Fire Station # 1Engine 103Tower Ladder 104Rescue 100Service 109 (Utility Unit)860 White Plains Rd.White Plains
Trumbull Center Fire Station # 2Engine 102Attack 105 (Mini Pumper), Service 107 (Utility Unit)980 Daniels Farm Rd.Daniels Farm
Long Hill Fire Station # 1Engine 206Rescue 2006315 Main St.Long Hill
Long Hill Fire Station # 2Engine 205Tower Ladder 204Truck 203 (Marine Unit), Marine 25404 Main St.Town Center
Long Hill Fire Station # 3Squad 209Engine 202 (Brush Unit), Truck 208 (Utility Unit)4229 Madison Ave.Madison
Nichols Fire Station # 1Engine 301, Engine 302Rescue 300100 Shelton Rd.Nichols
Nichols Fire Station # 2Squad 309Truck 304Service 307 (Utility Unit)548 Booth Hill Rd.Booth Hill

Police department

The Trumbull Police Department was created in 1941 through an act of the State Legislature. It is under the jurisdiction of a six-member Board of Police Commissioners appointed by the First Selectman. The department currently has eighty officers and ten civilian workers, including the dog warden. The current Chief of Police is Micahel Lombardo. The police department is located at 158 Edison Road. [37] The 2009–2010 revised departmental budget is $6,819,421.00.

Government and politics

Trumbull town vote
by party in presidential elections [38]
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2020 55.7%11,91942.9% 9,1751.5% 76
2016 46.86% 9,29949.14%9,7534.00% 794
2012 46.12% 8,70352.92%9,9860.95% 180
2008 49.17% 9,75750.03%9,9270.80% 158
2004 44.02% 8,65654.86%10,7891.12% 221
2000 46.82% 8,65949.43%9,1423.75% 694
1996 42.21% 7,33846.02%8,00111.77% 2,047
1992 31.81% 6,35347.49%9,48620.70% 4,135
1988 34.06% 6,17964.88%11,7691.06% 192
1984 26.61% 4,92073.07%13,5120.32% 60
1980 27.92% 4,88061.69%10,78210.39% 1,816
1976 37.35% 6,19461.96%10,2770.69% 115
1972 28.11% 4,43769.88%11,0282.01% 317
1968 34.07% 4,64258.16%7,9237.77% 1,059
1964 50.47%5,78049.53% 5,6730.00% 0
1960 41.46% 4,43558.54%6,2610.00% 0
1956 21.06% 1,67778.94%6,2860.00% 0

Trumbull is a reliably Republican stronghold in presidential elections. However, the town has seen a few swings in favor of the Democrats in recent years. In 2008, John McCain only carried the town by 0.86% [39] [40] In 2016, Hillary Clinton only lost by 2.28%. [41] In 2020, Democrat Joe Biden won. [42]

Notable sport teams

The National Little League of Trumbull defeated the Kang-Tu Little League of Kaohsiung, Taiwan, in the championship game of the 1989 Little League World Series.

Activities and organizations

Library

The Trumbull Library System (TLS) [50] is the town's main lending library with a staff of fifteen and two locations. The library features online book searches & renewal, statewide inter-library loan, adult & youth sections, and several meeting rooms. Internet terminals and photocopy machines are also available for use. Various groups utilize the library for meetings and workshops. The catalog of the library includes over 148,000 printed materials, 10,000 video materials, 4,500 audio materials and 200 subscriptions available as audio books on CD/tape/MP3, books, DVD's, graphic novels, magazines, music CD's, and VHS tapes. Annual circulation exceeds 373,000 transactions. [51]

There are two branches of the library:

Media

Local outlets

Movies filmed in Trumbull

Accolades

Family Circle magazine has ranked Trumbull 7th in their "10 Best Towns for Families" 2011. [60] U.S. News & World Report magazine has ranked Trumbull one of the best 15 places to retire in Connecticut. [61] RelocateAmerica.com ranked Trumbull in their annual list of America's "Top 100 Places to Live". [62] Money magazine ranked Trumbull #68 in their 100 best places to live rankings of U.S. cities in 2007 [63] and #77 in 2009. [64]

Notable people

Craig Breslow 091306 106 Craig Breslow.jpg
Craig Breslow
Will Geer The Waltons 1974.JPG
Will Geer
Igor Sikorsky Igor Sikorsky in a U.S. Coast Guard HNS-1, 14 August 1944 (232-8).jpg
Igor Sikorsky

Sister city

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Xinyi, Jiangsu (China), since 2008. [85] [86] A plaque in Twin Brooks Park commemorates this friendship.

See also

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Connecticut Route 108

Route 108 in the U.S. state of Connecticut, locally called Nichols Avenue and Huntington Turnpike, is a two-lane state highway that runs northerly from US 1, Boston Post Road in Stratford, through Trumbull, to Route 110 in downtown Shelton. Originally called the Farm Highway, it was laid out to the south side of Mischa Hill in Trumbull on December 7, 1696 and is considered to be the third oldest documented highway in Connecticut after the Mohegan Road in Norwich (1670) and the Boston Post Road or US 1 (1673).

Robert Hawley

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Nichols Farms Historic District United States historic place

Nichols Farms is a historic area within the town of Trumbull, Connecticut. The Nichols Farms Historic District, which encompasses part of the area, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

History of Trumbull, Connecticut

Trumbull, a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, in the New England region of the United States, was originally home to the Golden Hill Paugussett Indian Nation, and was colonized by the English during the Great Migration of the 1630s as a part of the coastal settlement of Stratford.

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Unity Burial Ground

The Unity Burial Ground is a small graveyard located on the southeast end of White Plain in the Nichols section of Trumbull, Connecticut. It is located a few rods north of the site of the first meeting house that was built in the parish of Unity, off of White Plains Road. The cemetery was laid out in 1730 and the first burial was that of 7 year old Samuel Bennitt on June 21, 1731. There are over 110 gravestones, 90 unmarked field stones and 241 known grave sites, and most of the original stones face east. This is unusual, as it runs contrary to the common practice of placing stones so that they face the road. The latest known burial was for Charles E Booth Jr. on August 17, 1935.

Long Hill, Trumbull, Connecticut Census-designated place in Connecticut, United States

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Zachariah Curtiss House

The Zachariah Curtiss House is located at 2950 Nichols Avenue on the east side of the Farm Highway or Route 108 on the south side of Mischa Hill, in the village of Nichols in Trumbull, Connecticut in New England. The house was built by Zachariah II between 1721 and 1746 in the Georgian architectural style. The Colonial American wooden post-and-beam timber frame farm house has a one and one-half story ell added in 1800. The house has the distinction of being located in four different townships in its history, but has never been moved; Stratford (1686–1725), Unity (1725–1744), North Stratford (1744–1797) and Trumbull (1797-present). It is currently in a dilapidated state awaiting demolition.

Geography of Bridgeport, Connecticut

Bridgeport, Connecticut is a major city of Connecticut located on Long Island Sound at the mouth of the Pequonnock River.

Trumbull Center is a section or neighborhood of the town of Trumbull in Fairfield County, Connecticut in New England. It is considered the center of the town, and was the seat of town government from 1883 through 1957. The Pequonnock River flows through the center in an easterly direction. The main thoroughfare is Connecticut Route 127.

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