Jessica Meir

Last updated

Jessica Meir
Jessica Meir official portrait in an EMU.jpg
Meir in 2019
Born
Jessica Ulrika Meir

(1977-07-01) July 1, 1977 (age 43)
StatusActive
NationalityAmerican and Swedish dual citizenship
Alma mater Scripps Institution of Oceanography
International Space University
Brown University
University of British Columbia
Occupationastronaut, physiologist
Space career
NASA Astronaut
Time in space
204d 15h 19m 00s
Selection 2013 NASA Group
Total EVAs
3
Total EVA time
21h 44m
Missions Soyuz MS-15 (Expedition 61/62)
Mission insignia
Soyuz-MS-15-Mission-Patch.png ISS Expedition 61 Patch.svg ISS Expedition 62 Patch.png
Scientific career
Fields
Institutions
Thesis Blood oxygen transport and depletion: The key of consummate divers  (2009)
Doctoral advisor Paul Ponganis
Other academic advisorsBill Milsom (post doc)

Jessica Ulrika Meir (IPA: /mɪər/ ; m-eer; born July 1, 1977) is an American-born NASA astronaut, marine biologist, and physiologist. She was previously Assistant Professor of Anesthesia at Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, following postdoctoral research in comparative physiology at the University of British Columbia. [1] [2] She has studied the diving physiology and behavior of emperor penguins in Antarctica, [3] and the physiology of bar-headed geese, which are able to migrate over the Himalayas. [4] In September 2002, Meir served as an aquanaut on the NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations 4 (NEEMO 4) crew. [5] In 2013 she was selected by NASA to Astronaut Group 21. Meir launched on September 25, 2019, to the ISS onboard Soyuz MS-15, where she served as a flight Engineer during Expedition 61 and 62. [6] On October 18, 2019, Meir and Christina Koch were the first women to participate in an all-female spacewalk. The Soyuz capsule carrying Jessica Meir and fellow astronauts Andrew Morgan and Oleg Skripochka touched down on Friday April 17, 2020 near the town of Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan, at 11.16am local time. [7]

Contents

Meir was included in Time magazine 's 100 Most Influential People of 2020. [8]

Early life and career

Jessica Meir was born in Caribou, Maine, to a Swedish mother who was a nurse and an Israeli father of Iraqi-Jewish descent, who worked as a physician. Her mother is from Västerås, Sweden; her father was born in Iraq and moved to Israel as a child. After taking part in the Israeli Independence War (1948 Arab–Israeli War), he later moved to Sweden where he met Meir's mother who grew up in a Christian family. The couple moved to Maine, US where Meir was born. [9] Although her mother did not convert to Judaism, Meir identifies as culturally Jewish, attended synagogue while growing up, and had a Bat Mitzvah. [9] [10]

She was inspired to venture into space after watching the Space Shuttle missions on television. Meir knew no one who worked for NASA or for the space program. She attributes her abiding dream of personally participating in space exploration to the love of nature she learned from her mother, and from her father's predilection for wandering and adventure. "And it might have had something to do with the fact that the stars shone so brightly in rural Maine", Meir added. [10]

At the age of 13, Meir attended a youth space camp at Purdue University. [11] [12] [13] During her undergraduate biology studies at Brown University, she also spent a semester studying at Stockholm University in Sweden during her undergraduate years, [14] and ran a student experiment on a NASA reduced gravity aircraft "vomit comet" in her senior year. [10] [12] Meir graduated from Brown in 1999 with a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Biology, with Honors, magna cum laude. [15] In 2000, Meir graduated with a Master of Space Studies from the International Space University in Strasbourg, France. [16]

Comparative physiology research

Meir earned a Ph.D. in marine biology in 2009 from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography for research on the diving physiology of emperor penguins and northern elephant seals. [15] [17] [18] Meir performed field work at Penguin Ranch on McMurdo Sound in Antarctica to study the diving abilities of the emperor penguin while scuba diving alongside them under the ice. [19] [18] She also studied elephant seals while they were diving in the Pacific Ocean off Northern California. [18]

Meir did post-doctoral research at the University of British Columbia, raising bar-headed geese so their tolerance of high altitude and low oxygen levels during flight over the Himalayas could be studied in a controlled environment. [4] [18] For the 2012 academic year she continued her research as an assistant professor of anesthesia at the Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts General Hospital and then took a leave of absence to enter the astronaut corps. [20]

NASA career

Meir in 2014 Jessica U. Meir portrait.jpg
Meir in 2014

After getting her master's degree, Meir worked from 2000 to 2003 for Lockheed Martin Space Operations as an experiment support scientist for the Human Research Facility at the NASA Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Houston, Texas. [21] [22] Meir coordinated and supported human space life science experiments that were performed by astronauts on Space Shuttle and International Space Station (ISS) missions. These experiments included physiological studies (bone loss, muscle control/atrophy, lung function, etc.) to determine if any bodily processes were altered in the spaceflight environment. Meir guided these experiments through the necessary review cycles, developed procedures that the astronauts would use on-orbit, trained crew members, and provided ground support in the Mission Control Center while the astronauts were performing the experiments on the shuttle or ISS. [14]

Meir in 2016 Jessica Meir portrait in a WB-57 flight suit (3).jpg
Meir in 2016

In September 2002, Meir served as an aquanaut on the joint NASA-NOAA NEEMO 4 expedition (NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations), an exploration research mission held in Aquarius, an undersea research laboratory four miles off shore from Key Largo. Meir and her crewmates spent five days saturation diving from the Aquarius habitat as a space analogue for working and training under extreme environmental conditions. The mission was delayed due to Hurricane Isadore, forcing National Undersea Research Center managers to shorten it to an underwater duration of five days. Then, three days into their underwater mission, the crew members were told that Tropical Storm Lili was headed in their direction and to prepare for an early departure from Aquarius. Fortunately, Lili degenerated to the point where it was no longer a threat, so the crew was able to remain the full five days. [5] [23]

At the time of NEEMO 4, Meir was leaning toward pursuing a PhD in a field related to evolutionary biology and/or life in extreme environments (astrobiology). She was also fascinated by marine biology (which suited the NEEMO mission well), and hoped to coordinate a specific topic of study to combine these main interests. [14] She received her PhD in marine biology from Scripps Institution of Oceanography, studying diving physiology, in 2009. [21]

In 2009, Meir was a semi-finalist for selection to NASA Astronaut Group 20. [24] For the next selection group in June 2013, Meir was chosen as one of eight astronaut candidates for training in NASA Astronaut Group 21. [2] She completed training in July 2015. [25]

During her time in the astronaut office, Meir has served as the capsule communicator for various missions. She was the lead capsule communicator for Expedition 47, the BEAM mission, and a HTV (Japanese Space Agency cargo vehicle) mission.[ citation needed ]

Meir is a member of the science advisory board of Adventurers and Scientists for Conservation. [26]

Expedition 61/62

In April 2019 NASA announced that Meir had been assigned to the crew of International Space Station Expedition 61/62 as flight engineer, scheduled to launch aboard Soyuz MS-15 alongside Roscosmos cosmonaut Oleg Skripochka and MBRSC astronaut Hazza Al Mansouri, who would fly a short duration mission and land with the crew of Soyuz MS-12 eight days after launch. [27]

Soyuz MS-15 photographed from the ISS during launch. ISS-60 Soyuz MS-15 crew ship ascending into space (cropped).jpg
Soyuz MS-15 photographed from the ISS during launch.

Meir, Skripochka and Al Mansouri launched aboard MS-15 on 25 September 2019, marking the final flight of the Soyuz-FG rocket and final launch from the Gagarin's Start launch pad, both of which were retired following launch of Soyuz MS-15. The crew successfully reached orbit and rendezvoused with the ISS only six hours later. [28] Soyuz MS-15 docked to the ISS at the very end of Expedition 60, meaning it marked an unusual period on the station where there were nine people aboard, the reason for this was to allow for Al Mansouri's flight, in which he became the first person from the United Arab Emirates to fly in space. Expedition 60 ended on 3 October 2019 when Al Mansouri, alongside Soyuz MS-12 crew members Aleksey Ovchinin and Nick Hague undocked from the station and returned to Earth, returning the ISS to normal six-crew operations during Expedition 61. [29]

Meir (right) and her Soyuz MS-15 crewmates Hazza Al Mansouri (left) and Oleg Skripochka (centre). Soyuz MS-15 crew in front of the Soyuz spacecraft simulator (cropped).jpg
Meir (right) and her Soyuz MS-15 crewmates Hazza Al Mansouri (left) and Oleg Skripochka (centre).

During Expedition 61 Meir was scheduled to perform three spacewalks during this mission to help install new lithium-ion batteries on the Port-6 truss structure of the ISS, although this schedule was later changed. [30] [31] On October 18, 2019, Meir performed her first spacewalk alongside her colleague Christina Koch, replacing a faulty Battery Charging Discharging Unit. The unit had unexpectedly failed to activate, preventing the station's newly installed lithium-ion batteries from providing additional power. [32] The three other scheduled spacewalks scheduled to install the new batteries had to be postponed in order to perform this spacewalk. [31] The spacewalk lasted seven hours and 17 minutes, and was the first all-female spacewalk in history. [33] [34] [35] During the spacewalk US president Donald Trump called and spoke to the astronauts in recognition of the historical significance of this event, being corrected by Meir after mistakenly announcing the event as the first time a woman was outside the space station. [36]

Jessica Meir during her EVA on October 18 Jessica Meir-first all female spacewalk in history-2019-10-18.jpg
Jessica Meir during her EVA on October 18

On 6 February 2020 Koch, alongside Soyuz MS-13 crew members Aleksandr Skvortsov and Luca Parmitano returned to Earth, following which Meir, Skripochka and Andrew Morgan transferred over to Expedition 62, due to delays with NASA's Commercial Crew Program, most of this increment was spent as a crew of three. During the final eight days of the Expedition, the crew was joined by the three person crew of Soyuz MS-16, Russian cosmonauts Anatoli Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner joined by NASA astronaut Christopher Cassidy, who launched and docked to the station on 9 April 2020. [37] Although their time as a six-person crew was short, the expanded Expedition 62 crew made the most of their time together, conducting experiments on how muscles react to long duration spaceflight as part of NASA's Muscle tone in space (Myotones) experiment. [38] On 13 April Meir and Cassidy, both Maine natives, participated in a live conference with several students from around Maine; [39] the two, joined by Andrew Morgan, also participated in a segment of Some Good News , an internet show hosted by American actor John Krasinski to spread good news during the COVID-19 pandemic. [40]

Meir following the return of Soyuz MS-15. Expedition 62 Soyuz Landing (NHQ202004170014).jpg
Meir following the return of Soyuz MS-15.

On 17 April 2020, Meir, joined by Skripochka and Morgan, returned to Earth aboard Soyuz MS-15, wrapping up a 205-day spaceflight for Meir and Skripochka and returning Morgan from a 272-day flight. The departure of the three crew members signaled the start of Expedition 63, commanded by Cassidy, which would see the arrival of the SpaceX Crew Dragon Demo-2 mission, the first crewed spaceflight to launch from American soil since STS-135, the final flight of the Space Shuttle program in 2011. [41]

Personal life

Meir played flute, piccolo, and saxophone as a youth, and enjoys reading classical literature. She enjoys recreational cycling, hiking, running, skiing, soccer and scuba diving, and holds a private pilot's license. [21]

Apart from English and Russian (required for astronaut training), she also speaks Swedish. [42] Although she is American, due to also holding Swedish citizenship by virtue of her mother's country of birth, she is technically the first Swedish female citizenship-holder in space and the second Swedish citizenship-holder in space overall after ESA astronaut Christer Fuglesang. [43]

Astronauts are allowed to bring a number of personal items to the International Space Station, and two among Meir's choices were an Israeli flag and a pair of novelty socks with Stars of David and menorahs. [9] [44] Most of Meir's relatives from her father's side reside in Israel. [10] Meir has visited Israel twice: the first time as a teenager with her parents and her brother, and the second time in 2016 for work as an astronaut where she gave a talk in Haifa at the International Space University summer session. [10] Among other things, she also took pictures of Israel from space. [44]

Awards

Meir has received numerous awards including: [21]

Related Research Articles

Scott Kelly (astronaut) American engineer, retired astronaut, and retired U.S. Navy captain

Scott Joseph Kelly is an American engineer, retired astronaut, and naval aviator. A veteran of four space flights, Kelly commanded the International Space Station (ISS) on Expeditions 26, 45, and 46.

Shannon Walker American scientist and NASA astronaut

Shannon Walker is an American physicist and a NASA astronaut selected in 2004. She launched on her first mission into space on 25 June 2010 onboard Soyuz TMA-19 and has currently logged 163 days in space over one long-duration mission to the International Space Station (ISS).

Randolph Bresnik United States Marine Corps officer and a NASA astronaut on three expeditions

Randolph James "Komrade" Bresnik is a retired officer in the United States Marine Corps and an active NASA astronaut. A Marine Aviator by trade, Bresnik was selected as a member of NASA Astronaut Group 19 in May 2004. He first launched to space on STS-129, then served as Flight Engineer for Expedition 52, and as ISS Commander for Expedition 53.

Thomas Marshburn American physician and NASA astronaut

Thomas Henry "Tom" Marshburn is an American physician and a NASA astronaut. He served as a Mission Specialist on STS-127. Marshburn was a member of the Soyuz TMA-07M crew which launched to ISS in December 2012 to join Expedition 34.

Akihiko Hoshide Japanese engineer and JAXA astronaut

Akihiko Hoshide is a Japanese engineer and JAXA astronaut. On August 30, 2012, Hoshide became the third Japanese astronaut to walk in space.

Dmitri Kondratyev

Dmitri Yuryevich Kondratyev is a retired Russian cosmonaut. He served as a crew member on the International Space Station long duration mission Expedition 27 as Commander, having also served as a Flight Engineer on Expedition 26 during the same stay in space. Kondratyev traveled to space for the first time aboard the Soyuz TMA-20 spacecraft in December 2010.

Oleg Skripochka

Oleg Ivanovich Skripochka is a Russian engineer and cosmonaut. In 2011 he was in space serving as an Expedition 25/26 crewmember.

Expedition 26 Mission to the International Space Station

Expedition 26 was the 26th long-duration mission to the International Space Station. The expedition's first three crew members – one US astronaut and two Russian cosmonauts – arrived at the station on board Soyuz TMA-01M on 10 October 2010. Expedition 26 officially began the following month on 26 November, when half of the crew of the previous mission, Expedition 25, returned to Earth on board Soyuz TMA-19. The rest of the Expedition 26 crew – one US astronaut, one Russian cosmonaut and one ESA astronaut – joined the trio already on board when their spacecraft, Soyuz TMA-20, docked with the station on 17 December 2010.

Kimiya Yui Japanese pilot and JAXA astronaut

Kimiya Yui is a Japanese astronaut from the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). He was selected for the agency in 2009.

Luca Parmitano Italian engineer, pilot and ESA astronaut

Colonel Luca Parmitano is an Italian astronaut in the European Astronaut Corps for the European Space Agency (ESA). He was selected as an ESA astronaut in May 2009. Parmitano is also a Colonel and test pilot for the Italian Air Force. Parmitano is the youngest non-Russian astronaut to undertake a long-duration mission, at 36 years and eight months old on the launch day of his mission.

Kjell N. Lindgren American astronaut

Kjell Norwood Lindgren is an American astronaut currently in the employ of NASA. Lindgren was selected in June 2009 as a member of the NASA Astronaut Group 20. He launched to the International Space Station (ISS) as part of Expedition 44/45 on 22 July 2015.

Mark T. Vande Hei American engineer and NASA astronaut

Mark Thomas Vande Hei is a retired United States Army officer and NASA astronaut who served as a flight Engineer for Expedition 53 and 54 on the International Space Station. He is married to Julie Vande Hei.

Anatoli Ivanishin

Anatoli Alekseyevich Ivanishin is a Russian cosmonaut. His first visit to space was to the International Space Station on board the Soyuz TMA-22 spacecraft as an Expedition 29 / Expedition 30 crew member, launching in November 2011 and returning in April 2012. Ivanishin was the Commander of the International Space Station for Expedition 49.

Christina Koch American astronaut

Christina Hammock Koch is an American engineer and NASA astronaut of the class of 2013. She received Bachelor of Science degrees in Electrical Engineering and Physics and a Master of Science in Electrical Engineering from North Carolina State University. She also did advanced study while working at the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). Just before becoming an astronaut, she served with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration as Station Chief for American Samoa.

Andrew R. Morgan

Andrew Richard "Drew" Morgan is a NASA astronaut from the class of 2013.

Hazza Al Mansouri Emirati astronaut

Hazza Al Mansouri (Arabic: هَزَّاع ٱلْمَنْصُوْرِي‎, romanized: Hazzāʿ Al-Manṣūrī, surname also spelled "Al Mansoori", full name Hazza Ali Abdan Khalfan Al Mansouri is an astronaut and the first person from the United Arab Emirates in space. On 25 September 2019, he launched aboard the Soyuz MS-15 spacecraft to the International Space Station. He landed safely in Kazakhstan after eight days, on 3 October 2019 aboard Soyuz MS-12. Al Mansouri stated that he proudly returned with Zayed's ambition achieved.

Expedition 61

Expedition 61 was the 61st Expedition to the International Space Station, which began on 3 October 2019 with the undocking of the Soyuz MS-12 spacecraft. The Expedition was commanded by ESA astronaut Luca Parmitano, who became the third European and first Italian astronaut to command the ISS. Parmitano, along with his Soyuz MS-13 colleagues Aleksandr Skvortsov and Andrew Morgan, and Christina Koch from Soyuz MS-12, transferred over from Expedition 60. They were joined by Oleg Skripochka and Jessica Meir, who launched on 25 September 2019 on board Soyuz MS-15.

Expedition 62

Expedition 62 was the 62nd long duration mission to the International Space Station, which began 5:50 UTC on 6 February 2020 with the undocking of the Soyuz MS-13 spacecraft. The Expedition consisted of Russian commander Oleg Skripochka, as well as American flight engineers Jessica Meir and Andrew Morgan. The second part of Expedition 62 was made up of the three crew members from Soyuz MS-16.

Ivan Vagner Cosmonaut

Ivan Viktorovich Vagner is a Russian engineer and cosmonaut who was selected in October 2010. He graduated from the Baltic State Technical University in 2008, before working as an engineer for RKK Energia.

References

  1. Scott, Graham R.; Meir, Jessica Ulrika; Hawkes, Lucy A.; Frappell, Peter B.; Milsom, William K.; Llanos, Anibal J.; Ebensperger, German; Herrera, Emilio A.; Reyes, Roberto Victor; Moraga, Fernando A.; Parer, Julian T.; Giussani, Dino A. (July 1, 2011). "Point: Counterpoint "High Altitude is / is not for the Birds!"". Journal of Applied Physiology . American Physiological Society. 111 (5): 1514–1515. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00821.2011. PMID   21737822.
  2. 1 2 Roberts, Jason. "2013 Astronaut Class". NASA . Archived from the original on June 21, 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
  3. Knight, Kathryn (May 12, 2011). "Penguins continue diving long after muscles run out of oxygen". Science Daily . Retrieved November 17, 2011.
  4. 1 2 Arnold, Carrie (April 15, 2011). "Sky's No Limit in High-Flying Goose Chase". U.S. News & World Report . Retrieved December 10, 2012.
  5. 1 2 "Life Sciences Data Archive: Experiment". NASA. April 21, 2011. Archived from the original on March 22, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  6. Graham, Gillian (September 8, 2019). "Astronaut from Maine prepares for takeoff". Portland Press Herald . Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  7. "Astronauts return to Earth after watching coronavirus outbreak from space". The Independent. April 17, 2020.
  8. "Astronauts Christina Koch and Jessica Meir: The 100 Most Influential People of 2020". Time. Retrieved September 23, 2020.
  9. 1 2 3 Dolsten, Josefin (May 9, 2019). "Swedish-Israeli NASA astronaut Jessica Meir gets ready for space". The Jerusalem Post . Retrieved October 20, 2019.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 Ghert-Zand, Renee (June 1, 2018). "No Risk, No Reward Says Fearless Jewish Astronaut Jessica Meir". The Times of Israel . Retrieved August 24, 2019.
  11. Burns, Christopher (April 17, 2019). "Astronaut from Aroostook County will soon go on her 1st spaceflight". Bangor Daily News . Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  12. 1 2 "Meet Jessica Meir". NASA Quest. Archived from the original on May 4, 2003. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
  13. Kaplan, Sarah (April 28, 2015). "Journey to Mars: Meet NASA astronaut candidate Jessica Meir". Washington Post .
  14. 1 2 3 Meir, Jessica. ":: NASA Quest > Space :: Meet Jessica Meir". National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Archived from the original on May 4, 2003. Retrieved November 19, 2011.
  15. 1 2 Meir, Jessica Ulrika (2009). Blood oxygen transport and depletion: The key of consummate divers (Ph.D. thesis). University of California, San Diego. ISBN   978-1-109-31853-1. OCLC   449187875. ProQuest   304852089.
  16. "Three I's of ISU Influential to 2013 NASA Astronaut Candidate Jessica Meir". International Space University . 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
  17. Williams, CL; Meir, JU; Ponganis, PJ (June 1, 2011). "What triggers the aerobic dive limit? Patterns of muscle oxygen depletion during dives of emperor penguins". The Journal of Experimental Biology . 214 (11): 1802–1812. doi:10.1242/jeb.052233. PMC   3092726 . PMID   21562166.
  18. 1 2 3 4 Kwok, Roberta (April 24, 2011). "Secrets of the world's extreme divers". Science News for Students . Retrieved August 24, 2019.
  19. Ponganis, Paul (May 19, 2008). "A Season at the Penguin Ranch in Antarctica". National Science Foundation . Retrieved August 24, 2019.
  20. Powell, Alvin (September 6, 2013). "Destination Space". The Harvard Gazette . Retrieved August 24, 2019.
  21. 1 2 3 4 Whiting, Melanie (September 25, 2019). "Jessica U. Meir (PH.D.) NASA Astronaut" . Retrieved October 19, 2019.
  22. Price, Mary Lynn. "Jessica Meir, Emperor Penguin Researcher in Antarctica". Women Working in Antarctica. Retrieved November 19, 2011.
  23. "NEEMO History". NASA. March 21, 2006. Archived from the original on October 8, 2006. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  24. Becker, Joachim Wilhelm Josef; Janssen, Heinz Hermann (March 27, 2010). "Biographies of Astronaut and Cosmonaut Candidates: Jessica Meir". Spacefacts. Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2011.
  25. "NASA's Newest Astronauts Complete Training". NASA. July 9, 2015.
  26. D'Aliesio, Renata (May 26, 2011). "Extreme trekkers, citizen scientists". The Globe and Mail . Retrieved December 10, 2012.
  27. Northon, Karen (April 16, 2019). "NASA Announces First Flight, Record-Setting Mission". NASA.
  28. "Final Soyuz-FG rocket delivers ISS crew". www.russianspaceweb.com.
  29. "Soyuz MS-12 return to Earth". October 3, 2019.
  30. "Expedition 60 – Space Station". NASA. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
  31. 1 2 "In-Space News Conference to Review First All-Woman Spacewalk". NASA (Press release). October 19, 2019.
  32. "NASA to Televise First All-Female Spacewalk, Host Media Teleconference". NASA (Press release). October 18, 2019.
  33. NASA Astronauts Spacewalk Outside the International Space Station on Oct. 18. NASA. October 18, 2019. Retrieved October 18, 2019 via YouTube.
  34. Garcia, Mark (October 18, 2019). "NASA TV is Live Now Broadcasting First All-Woman Spacewalk". NASA Blogs. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
  35. Keeter, Bill (October 18, 2019). "ISS Daily Summary Report – 10/18/2019". NASA.
  36. "2 female astronauts politely corrected Trump midspacewalk after the president made a galling error". Business Insider. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  37. "Russia conducts first Soyuz 2.1a human launch; MS-16 crew arrives at Station". April 8, 2020.
  38. "Human Research, Crew Departure Preps aboard Busy Station – Space Station". blogs.nasa.gov.
  39. "Maine astronauts host historic conversation from space". newscentermaine.com.
  40. "Some Good News from Space!" via www.facebook.com.
  41. "Touchdown! Expedition 62 Returns to Earth, Completes Station Mission – Space Station". blogs.nasa.gov.
  42. "Astronaut Selection". NASA. January 4, 2016. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
  43. Näslund, Anne-Sofie (May 11, 2018). "Jessica blir första svenska kvinnan i rymden: "Trodde det var kört"" [Jessica becomes the first Swedish woman in space: "Thought it was over"]. Expressen . Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  44. 1 2 "מת"א ועד הכוכבים: התמונות של ג'סיקה מאיר מהחלל". ynet. April 17, 2020.