Buhid script

Last updated
(Mangyan Baybayin, Surat Mangyan)
Buhid script sample.svg
Script type
Time period
c. 1300present
Directionleft-to-right  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Languages Buhid, Tagalog [1]
Related scripts
Parent systems
Sister systems
In the Philippines:

Hanunó'o (Mangyan Baybayin, Surat Mangyan)
Kulitan (Kapampangan Baybayin, Surat Kapampangan)
Baybayin (Tagalog Baybayin, Sulat Tagalog)
Tagbanwa script
Ibalnan script


In other countries:
ISO 15924
ISO 15924 Buhd, 372  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg ,Buhid
Unicode alias

Surat Buhid is an Abugida used to write the Buhid language. As a Brahmic script indigenous to the Philippines, it closely related to Baybayin and Hanunó'o. It is still used today by the Mangyans, found mainly on island of Mindoro, to write their language, Buhid, together with the Filipino latin script.

There are efforts to reinvigorate the use of Surat Buhid. [2] Buhid script use varies across Northern (Bansud area) and Southern Buhid (Bongabong) communities. [3]


The Buhid script has 18 independent characters, 15 are consonants and 3 vowels. As an Abugida, there is an additional diacritic vowels. Consonants have an inherent /a/ vowel. The other two vowels are indicated by a diacritic above (for /i/) or below (for /u/) the consonant. Depending on the consonant, ligatures are formed, changing the shape of the consonant-vowel combination. [4] Vowels at the beginning of syllables are represented by their own, independent characters. Syllables ending in a consonant are written without the final consonant. [5]


The letter order of Buhid, recorded in Unicode, is based on phonetic principles that consider both the manner and place of articulation of the consonants and vowels they represent.


Buhid Vowels
transcription aiuiu


Buhid Syllables [4]
consonant + a
consonant + iᝃᝒᝄᝒᝅᝒᝆᝒᝇᝒᝈᝒᝉᝒᝊᝒᝋᝒᝌᝒᝍᝒᝎᝒᝏᝒᝐᝒᝑᝒ
consonant + uᝃᝓᝄᝓᝅᝓᝆᝓᝇᝓᝈᝓᝉᝓᝊᝓᝋᝓᝌᝓᝍᝓᝎᝓᝏᝓᝐᝓᝑᝓ

Note: With the proper rendering support, the Buhid syllable ki above (ᝃᝒ) should resemble a plus sign (+).

Buhid writing makes use of single () and double () punctuation marks. [4]


Buhid script was added to the Unicode Standard in March, 2002 with the release of version 3.2.

The Unicode block for Buhid is U+1740U+175F:

Buhid [1] [2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
1. ^ As of Unicode version 14.0
2. ^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

See also

Related Research Articles

Alphabet Standard set of letters that represent phonemes of a spoken language

An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols or graphemes that represent the phonemes of certain spoken languages. Not all writing systems represent language in this way; in a syllabary, each character represents a syllable, for instance, and logographic systems use characters to represent words, morphemes, or other semantic units.

Abugida Writing system

An abugida, sometimes known as alphasyllabary, neosyllabary or pseudo-alphabet, is a segmental writing system in which consonant-vowel sequences are written as units; each unit is based on a consonant letter, and vowel notation is secondary. This contrasts with a full alphabet, in which vowels have status equal to consonants, and with an abjad, in which vowel marking is absent, partial, or optional. The terms also contrast them with a syllabary, in which the symbols cannot be split into separate consonants and vowels.

A diacritic is a glyph added to a letter or to a basic glyph. The term derives from the Ancient Greek διακριτικός, from διακρίνω. The word diacritic is a noun, though it is sometimes used in an attributive sense, whereas diacritical is only an adjective. Some diacritics, such as the acute ( ◌́ ) and grave ( ◌̀ ), are often called accents. Diacritics may appear above or below a letter or in some other position such as within the letter or between two letters.

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  1. "Buhid language and alphabet".
  2. Catapang, Emerenciana (2014). "Reviving the Hanunoo and Buhid Mangyan syllabic scripts of the Philippines" (PDF). Proceedings of the International Workshop on Endangered Scripts of Island Southeast Asia.
  3. "Buhid". Mangyan Heritage Center.{{cite web}}: |archive-url= requires |archive-date= (help)
  4. 1 2 3 "Chapter 17: Indonesia and Oceania" (PDF). Unicode Consortium. March 2020.
  5. Everson, Michael (1998-11-23). "N1933 Revised proposal for encoding the Philippine scripts in the UCS" (PDF).