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An administrative village or subdistrict is the lowest level of government administration in Indonesia. It can refer to a desa or a kelurahan. A desa is headed by a kepala desa, who is elected by popular vote. A kelurahan is headed by lurah, a civil servant appointed by local government (city or regency). A village is divided non-administratively into local communities which manage a certain number of households. In Aceh, a village is called as gampong . Since the implementation of regional autonomy in 2001, the larger nagari has been introduced in place of the desa as the lowest government unit in West Sumatra.
Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometres, the 14th largest by land area and 7th in the combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, is home to more than half of the country's population.
Aceh is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the northern end of Sumatra. Its capital and largest city is Banda Aceh. It is close to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India and separated from them by the Andaman Sea. Granted a special autonomous status, Aceh is a religiously conservative territory and the only Indonesian province practicing Sharia law officially. There are ten indigenous ethnic groups in this region, the largest being the Acehnese people, accounting for approximately 80% to 90% of the region's population.
A nagari is a semi-autonomous Minangkabau people regional administrative unit in West Sumatra, Indonesia. From 1983-1999 the national government attempted to apply the Javanese desa village system to other ethnic groups throughout Indonesia, and in 1983 the traditional Minangkabau nagari village units were split into smaller jorong units, with some disruption to traditional nagari-centred social and cultural institutions. However following restoration of the role of the nagari in rural Minangkabau society after 1999 residence and employment in a nagari is still an aspect of social identity, just as residence in the smaller jorong, or membership of a clan.
The village is the lowest level of government administration in Indonesia. A village is divided into several community groups ( rukun warga (RW)), which are further divided into neighbourhood groups (rukun tetangga (RT)).
Rukun Warga (RW) is the division of regions in Indonesia under the Village or Kelurahan. Rukun Warga not including the division of administration, and the formation of local communities is through consultation in the framework of community service set by the village or villages. RW is further divided into Rukun Tetangga (RT). Most information about governance and functioning of the RW and RT is in Indonesian. Some non-Indonesian anthropologists have written about the functions and issues of the RW.
As of September 2019, there were 83,436 fourth-level administrative divisions (desa, kampungpekon, or kelurahan) in Indonesia.
Papua is the largest and easternmost province of Indonesia, comprising most of Western New Guinea. It is bordered by the state of Papua New Guinea to the east, the province of West Papua to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the north, and the Arafura Sea to the south. According to the 2010 census by Statistics Indonesia, Papua had a population of 2,833,381, the majority of whom are Christians. The province is divided into twenty-eight regencies and one city. Its capital and largest city is Jayapura.
A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. The term is used to contrast with offices at state level, which are referred to as the central government, national government, or federal government and also to supranational government which deals with governing institutions between states. Local governments generally act within powers delegated to them by legislation or directives of the higher level of government. In federal states, local government generally comprises the third tier of government, whereas in unitary states, local government usually occupies the second or third tier of government, often with greater powers than higher-level administrative divisions.
Japan is divided into 47 prefectures, forming the first level of jurisdiction and administrative division. They consist of 43 prefectures proper, two urban prefectures, one "circuit" or "territory" and one "metropolis". In 1868, the Meiji Fuhanken sanchisei administration created the first prefectures to replace the urban and rural administrators in the parts of the country previously controlled directly by the shogunate and a few territories of rebels/shogunate loyalists who had not submitted to the new government such as Aizu/Wakamatsu. In 1871, all remaining feudal domains (han) were also transformed into prefectures, so that prefectures subdivided the whole country. In several waves of territorial consolidation, today's 47 prefectures were formed by the turn of the century. In many instances, these are contiguous with the ancient ritsuryō provinces of Japan.
A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or counties, several municipalities, subdivisions of municipalities, school district, or political district.
The Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 largest subdivisions of the country and the highest tier of the local government. Provinces are further divided into regencies and cities, which are in turn subdivided into districts (kecamatan).
West Sumatra is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the west coast of the island of Sumatra. It had a population of 4,846,909 at the 2010 Census and of 5,190,577 at the 2015 Intermediate Census; the latest official estimate for mid 2019 shows a population of 5,479,491. West Sumatra is sub-divided administratively into twelve regencies and seven cities. It has relatively more cities than other provinces in Indonesia, except Java province. Its capital is Padang.
Indonesia is divided into provinces. Provinces are made up of regencies and cities. Provinces, regencies and cities have their own local governments and parliamentary bodies.
Tomohon is a city in North Sulawesi Province, in central Indonesia. It covers an area of 114.2 sq.km, and had a population of 91,553 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate is 107,600..Tomohon was formerly a part of the Minahasa Regency in North Sulawesi, but it officially became a city separated from the Regency, inaugurated on August 4, 2003.
Blora is a regency in the northeastern part of Central Java province in Indonesia. Its capital is Blora. This regency is located at the easternmost of Central Java province, and is bordered by Bengawan Solo River with East Java province.
Dairi Regency is a regency on the northwest shore of Lake Toba in North Sumatra. In 2000, the regency covered an area of 1,927.8 square kilometres (744.3 sq mi) square kilometres and according to the 2010 census had a population of 269,848 people. Its seat is Sidikalang. Immediately to the south are Samosir Regency and Pakpak Bharat Regency.
The administrative division or territorial organization of Chile exemplifies characteristics of a unitary state. State administration is functionally and geographically decentralized, as appropriate for each authority in accordance with the law.
Following the implementation on 1 January 2011 of the Kallikratis Plan, the administrative divisions of Greece consist of two main levels: the regions and the municipalities. In addition, a number of decentralized administrations overseeing the regions exist as part of the Ministry of the Interior, but are not entities of local government. The old prefectures were either abolished and split up or transformed into regional units in 2011. The administrative regions are divided into regional units which are further subdivided into municipalities.The Eastern Orthodox monastic community on Mount Athos is an autonomous self-governing entity.
North Lampung Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of Lampung Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. It has an area of 2,725.63 km² and a population of 583,925 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate was 612,218. The capital lies at Kotabumi.
Anggabaya is a small village in Bali, Indonesia.
Purwodadi is one of the Kelurahans in Kecamatan Tepus, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia. A Kelurahan is an administrative village, the lowest level of government administration in Indonesia.
Rukun Tetangga (RT) is the division of villages in Indonesia under Rukun Warga. RT is the lowest administrative division of Indonesia.
In the year 2000, Rwanda engaged in a decentralization process materialized by the adoption of the National Decentralization Policy. The policy's objective were the promotion of good governance, the reduction of poverty as well as the promotion of efficient, effective, and accountable service delivery.
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