Tolaki language

Last updated
Native to Indonesia
Region Sulawesi
Native speakers
330,000 (2000 census) [1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 lbw
Glottolog tola1247

Tolaki (To'olaki) is the major language of Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. It is an Austronesian language of the Celebic branch.


Consonants [2] [3]
Labial Alveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
prenasal ᵐb ⁿd ᵑɡ
Fricative β s h
Lateral l
Trill r

/b/ and /d/ are optionally realized as implosives [ ɓ ] and [ ɗ ]. /β/ can also be heard as a glide [ w ]. [2]

Vowels [2]
Front Back
Close i u
Mid e o
Open a

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  1. Tolaki at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. 1 2 3 Zalili Sailan and La Ode Sidu Marafad and Gusarmin Sofyan and Sahlan, and Hamuni. 1995. Tata Bahasa Tolaki. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa, Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.
  3. Mead, David. 1998. Proto–Bungku-Tolaki: Reconstruction of its phonology and aspects of its morphosyntax . PhD dissertation. Houston: Rice University, p. 19. hdl : 1911/19290