2020 United States Senate election in Michigan

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2020 United States Senate election in Michigan
Flag of Michigan.svg
  2014 November 3, 2020 2026  
  Gary Peters official photo 115th congress.jpg John James 3 (1).png
Nominee Gary Peters John James
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote2,734,5682,642,233
Percentage49.9%48.2%

2020 United States Senate election in Michigan results map by county.svg
County results
Peters:     40–50%     50–60%     60–70%     70–80%
James:     40–50%     50–60%     60–70%     70–80%

U.S. senator before election

Gary Peters
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Gary Peters
Democratic

The 2020 United States Senate election in Michigan was held on November 3, 2020, to elect a member of the United States Senate to represent Michigan. It was held concurrently with the 2020 U.S. presidential election, as well as other elections to the United States Senate, elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections.

Contents

Incumbent Gary Peters was one of two Democratic U.S. Senators up for re-election in 2020 in a state President Donald Trump carried in 2016; the other was Doug Jones from Alabama. [1] The primary was held on August 4. [2] The filing deadline for candidates to run in the primary was April 21 [3] but was extended to May 8 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. [4] The election was considered a potential upset pickup by the Republicans due to the state's demographic trends, incumbent Trump's upset win in 2016, and Republican candidate John James's outperformance of polling expectations despite losing the state's Senate election in 2018. However, most experts still believed Peters to be the more likely winner.

Peters won re-election to a second term, though by a closer margin than expected. [5] James, who outperformed Trump on the same ballot, initially refused to concede, [6] baselessly claiming in a statement published to his campaign website two days after the election that he had been "cheated" out of winning the election. The statement alleged, without evidence, that there were "deep concerns that millions of Michiganders may have been disenfranchised by a dishonest few who cheat[s]"." [7] On November 24, James conceded the race exactly three weeks after election day. [8] With a margin of 1.68%, this election was the second-closest race of the 2020 Senate election cycle, behind only the regularly-scheduled election in Georgia.

Democratic primary

Candidates

Nominee

Declined

Endorsements

Democratic primary results

Democratic primary results [32]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Gary Peters (incumbent) 1,180,780 100.0%
Total votes1,180,780 100.0%

Republican primary

Candidates

Nominee

Disqualified

Declined

Endorsements

John James

Polling

Poll sourceDate(s)
administered
Sample
size [lower-alpha 1]
Margin
of error
John
James
Bill
Schuette
Undecided
June 6, 2019Schuette announces that he will not run by endorsing James
Target Insyght April 22–25, 2019296 (LV) [lower-alpha 2] 59%15%26%

Results

Republican primary results [32]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Republican John James 1,005,315 100.0%
Total votes1,005,315 100.0%

Other candidates

Communist Party

Withdrawn

  • Frank Seldon Cupps (as a write-in candidate) [44] [36] [45]

Green Party

Nominee

  • Marcia Squier (2018 Green Party nominee for US Senate) [46]

Natural Law Party

Nominee

U.S. Taxpayers Party

Nominee

  • Valerie L. Willis (switched from Republican candidacy after being disqualified for the Republican primary) [37]

Independents

Withdrawn

General election

Predictions

SourceRankingAs of
The Cook Political Report [48] Lean DOctober 29, 2020
Inside Elections [49] Lean DOctober 28, 2020
Sabato's Crystal Ball [50] Lean DNovember 2, 2020
Daily Kos [51] Lean DOctober 30, 2020
Politico [52] Lean DNovember 2, 2020
RCP [53] TossupOctober 23, 2020
DDHQ [54] Likely DNovember 3, 2020
538 [55] Likely DNovember 2, 2020
Economist [56] Likely DNovember 2, 2020

Endorsements

Gary Peters (D)
U.S. Executive Branch Officials
U.S. Senators
Organizations
Labor unions
Newspapers

Detroit Free Press

Polling

Graphical summary

Aggregate polls

John James vs. Gary Peters
Source of poll aggregationDates administeredDates updated Gary Peters John James Other/Undecided [lower-alpha 3] Margin
270 To Win November 2, 2020November 3, 202049.8%42.2%8.0%
Real Clear Politics November 1, 2020November 3, 202049.8%44.4%5.8%
Poll sourceDate(s)
administered
Sample
size [lower-alpha 1]
Margin
of error
Gary
Peters (D)
John
James (R)
Other/
Undecided
Research Co. October 31 – November 1, 2020450 (LV)± 4.6%52%37%12% [lower-alpha 4]
Change Research/CNBC October 29 – November 1, 2020383 (LV)± 5.01%51%46%3% [lower-alpha 5]
Swayable Archived November 13, 2020, at the Wayback Machine October 27 – November 1, 2020393 (LV)± 6.6%54%46%
Ipsos/Reuters October 27 – November 1, 2020654 (LV)± 4.4%51%44%5% [lower-alpha 6]
Ipsos/Reuters October 27 – November 1, 2020654 (LV)± 4.4%51%44%5% [lower-alpha 7]
Morning Consult October 22–31, 20201,736 (LV)± 2.0%49%43%
Emerson College October 29–30, 2020700 (LV)± 3.4%52% [lower-alpha 8] 46%2% [lower-alpha 9]
Public Policy Polling (D) [upper-alpha 1] October 29–30, 2020745 (V)± 3.6%54%44%2% [lower-alpha 10]
Targoz Market Research/PollSmart October 25–30, 2020993 (LV)54%43%2% [lower-alpha 11]
CNN/SSRS October 23–30, 2020907 (LV)± 3.8%52%40%7% [lower-alpha 12]
Mitchell Research (R) October 29, 2020817 (LV)± 3.43%50%45%5% [lower-alpha 13]
RMG Research October 27–29, 2020800 (LV)± 3.5%50% [lower-alpha 14] 41%9% [lower-alpha 15]
52% [lower-alpha 16] 39%9% [lower-alpha 17]
48% [lower-alpha 18] 42%9% [lower-alpha 19]
EPIC-MRA October 25–28, 2020600 (LV)± 4%47%42%11% [lower-alpha 20]
Kiaer Research October 21–28, 2020669 (LV)± 5.6%51%38%11% [lower-alpha 21]
Mitchell Research (R) October 25–27, 2020759 (LV)± 3.56%52%43%3% [lower-alpha 22]
Tarrance Group (R) [upper-alpha 2] October 24–26, 2020 [lower-alpha 23] – (V) [lower-alpha 24] ± 4.3%48%46%1% [lower-alpha 25]
Swayable October 23–26, 2020365 (LV)± 6.9%58%42%
Siena College/NYT Upshot October 23–26, 2020856 (LV)± 3.8%49%41%8% [lower-alpha 26]
Ipsos/Reuters October 20–26, 2020652 (LV)± 4.4%50%44%6% [lower-alpha 27]
Glengariff Group October 23–25, 2020600 (LV)± 4%48%39%9% [lower-alpha 28]
ABC/Washington Post October 20–25, 2020789 (LV)± 4%52%46%2% [lower-alpha 29]
Gravis Marketing October 24, 2020679 (LV)± 3.8%52%41%7% [lower-alpha 30]
Public Policy Polling (D) [upper-alpha 3] October 21–22, 2020804 (V)52%43%6% [lower-alpha 31]
Citizen Data October 17–20, 20201,000 (LV)± 3.1%46%42%12% [lower-alpha 32]
FOX News October 17–20, 20201,032 (LV)± 3%49%41%9% [lower-alpha 33]
Reuters/Ipsos October 14–20, 2020686 (LV)± 4.3%50%45%5% [lower-alpha 34]
Morning Consult October 11–20, 20201,717 (LV)± 2.4%48%42%
Change Research/CNBC October 16–19, 2020718 (LV) [lower-alpha 35] 50%45%
EPIC-MRA October 15–19, 2020600 (LV)± 4%45%39%16% [lower-alpha 36]
Mitchell Research (R) October 18, 2020900 (LV)± 3.27%49%43%8% [lower-alpha 37]
Trafalgar Group (R)/Restoration PAC (Hyperpartisan) [95] [96] [96] [upper-alpha 4] October 15–18, 20201,034 (LV)± 2.97%48%50%3% [lower-alpha 38]
Data For Progress October 15–18, 2020830 (LV)± 3.4%48%43%9% [lower-alpha 39]
HarrisX/The Hill October 12–15, 20201,289 (LV)50% [lower-alpha 40] 43%
Trafalgar Group (R) October 11–15, 20201,018 (LV)± 2.99%47%48%5% [lower-alpha 41]
Reuters/Ipsos October 7–13, 2020620 (LV)± 4.5%52%44%4% [lower-alpha 42]
EPIC-MRA October 8–12, 2020600 (LV)± 4%45%39%16% [lower-alpha 43]
Siena College/NYT Upshot October 6–11, 2020614 (LV)± 4.6%43%42%15% [lower-alpha 44]
Morning Consult October 2–11, 20201,710 (LV)± 2.4%49%40%
YouGov/CBS October 6–9, 20201,181 (LV)± 3.3%47%44%9% [lower-alpha 45]
Baldwin Wallace University September 30 – October 8, 20201,134 (LV)± 3.2%48%42%10% [lower-alpha 46]
Emerson College October 6–7, 2020716 (LV)± 3.6%51%41%8% [lower-alpha 47]
Opinion Insight/American Action Forum [upper-alpha 5] October 3–6, 2020800 (LV)± 3.46%49% [lower-alpha 48] 42%8% [lower-alpha 49]
Reuters/Ipsos September 29 – October 6, 2020709 (LV)± 4.2%50%43%7% [lower-alpha 50]
Tarrance Group (R) [upper-alpha 2] October 3–5, 2020605 (RV)± 4.1%48%46%
Change Research/CNBC October 2–4, 2020676 (LV)51%43%6% [lower-alpha 51]
Glengariff Group September 30 – October 3, 2020600 (LV)± 4%45%40%16% [lower-alpha 52]
Public Policy Polling (D) [upper-alpha 6] September 30 – October 1, 2020746 (V)48%41%10% [lower-alpha 53]
Trafalgar Group (R)/Restoration PAC (Hyperpartisan) [97] [upper-alpha 7] September 26–28, 20201,042 (LV)± 2.95%48%47%5% [lower-alpha 54]
Trafalgar Group (R) September 23–25, 20201,047 (LV)± 2.95%47%47%6% [lower-alpha 55]
Marist College/NBC September 19–23, 2020799 (LV)± 4.3%49%44%7% [lower-alpha 56]
Baldwin Wallace University September 9–22, 20201,001 (LV)± 3.6%46%41%13%
Change Research/CNBC September 18–20, 2020568 (LV)50%44%5% [lower-alpha 57]
Morning Consult September 11–20, 20201,376 (LV)± (2% – 7%)47% [lower-alpha 58] 40%
Hart Research Associates (D) [upper-alpha 8] September 17–19, 2020400 (LV)± 4.9%50%42%
Data for Progress (D) September 14–19, 2020455 (LV)± 4.6%47%42%12% [lower-alpha 59]
Marketing Resource Group (R) September 14–19, 2020600 (LV)± 4.0%42%40%20% [lower-alpha 60]
Morning Consult September 8–17, 20201,451 (LV) [lower-alpha 61] ± (2% – 4%)48%40%
Ipsos/Reuters September 11–16, 2020637 (LV)± 4.4%49%43%7% [lower-alpha 62]
EPIC-MRA September 10–15, 2020600 (LV)± 4%45%41%14% [lower-alpha 63]
Redfield & Wilton Strategies September 12–14, 2020930 (LV)± 3.21%51%35%13% [lower-alpha 64]
Benenson Strategy Group/GS Strategy Group [upper-alpha 9] August 28 – September 8, 20201,600 (LV)± 2.5%45%41%14% [lower-alpha 65]
Change Research/CNBC September 4–6, 2020876 (LV)± 3.2%50%46%5% [lower-alpha 66]
Rasmussen Reports September 2–3, 20201,000 (LV)± 3.0%48%40%13% [lower-alpha 67]
Glengariff Group/Detroit News September 1–3, 2020600 (LV)± 4.0%44%41%14% [lower-alpha 68]
Tarrance Group (R) [upper-alpha 2] September 1–3, 2020569 (RV)47%46%7% [lower-alpha 69]
Redfield & Wilton Strategies August 30 – September 3, 2020967 (LV)± 3.2%50%38%12% [lower-alpha 70]
Opinion Insight/American Action Forum [upper-alpha 5] August 30 – September 2, 2020802 (LV)± 3.46%49% [lower-alpha 71] 42%8% [lower-alpha 72]
Public Policy Polling (D) [upper-alpha 6] August 28–29, 2020897 (V)± 3.2%47%39%14% [lower-alpha 73]
Change Research/CNBC August 21–23, 2020809 (LV)± 3.4%50%45%6% [lower-alpha 74]
Trafalgar Group (R) August 14–23, 20201,048 (LV)± 3.0%47%48%5% [lower-alpha 75]
Redfield & Wilton Strategies August 16–18, 2020812 (LV)± 3.4%48%39%13% [lower-alpha 76]
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC [upper-alpha 10] (Hyperpartisan) [98] August 11–15, 2020600 (LV)53%39%8% [lower-alpha 77]
Tarrance Group (R) [upper-alpha 2] August 10–13, 2020602 (RV)± 4.1%49%44%7%
Change Research/CNBC August 7–9, 2020413 (LV)± 4.6%48%45%7% [lower-alpha 78]
EPIC-MRA July 25–30, 2020600 (LV)± 4.0%50%40%10% [lower-alpha 79]
Public Policy Polling (D) [upper-alpha 6] July 28–29, 2020876 (V)± 3.2%47%39%13% [lower-alpha 80]
Change Research/CNBC July 24–26, 2020413 (LV)± 4.8%48%44%8%
Morning Consult July 17–26, 20201,320 (LV)± 3.0%49%35%16%
CNN/SSRS July 18–24, 2020927 (RV)± 3.8%54%38%8% [lower-alpha 81]
Redfield & Wilton Strategies July 19–23, 2020811 (LV)± 3.2%52%35%13% [lower-alpha 82]
Gravis Marketing [99] July 22, 2020754 (LV)± 3.6%49%39%11% [lower-alpha 83]
Marketing Resource Group (R) July 19–21, 2020600 (LV)± 4.0%41%34%26% [lower-alpha 84]
FOX News July 18–20, 2020756 (RV)± 3.5%48%38%15% [lower-alpha 85]
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan) [100] July 13–16, 2020600 (LV)± 4.0%51%40%9% [lower-alpha 86]
Spry Strategies (R) [upper-alpha 11] July 11–16, 2020600 (LV)± 3.7%47%37%15% [lower-alpha 87]
Change Research/CNBC July 10–12, 2020824 (LV)± 2.8%50%43%6% [lower-alpha 88]
Public Policy Polling (D) [upper-alpha 12] July 9–10, 20201,041 (V)± 3.2%49%42%9%
Change Research/CNBC June 26–28, 2020699 (LV) [lower-alpha 89] ± 3.9%49%42%9% [lower-alpha 90]
Public Policy Polling (D) [upper-alpha 6] June 26–27, 20201,237 (V)± 3.2%47%39%14% [lower-alpha 91]
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan) [101] [102] [102] [103] [104] [105] [106] [107] [98] [100] June 17–20, 2020600 (LV)± 4.0%51%38%12% [lower-alpha 92]
NYT Upshot/Siena College June 8–17, 2020610 (RV)± 4.3%41%31%29% [lower-alpha 93]
Redfield & Wilton Strategies June 14–16, 2020826 (LV)± 3.4%50%32%18% [lower-alpha 94]
Marketing Resource Group (R) June 12–15, 2020600 (LV)± 4.0%36%30%33% [lower-alpha 95]
American Greatness/TIPP (R) June 9–12, 2020907 (RV)± 3.3%47%35%17% [lower-alpha 96]
Kiaer Research May 31 – June 7, 2020543 (LV)± 6.4%48%32%20% [lower-alpha 97]
EPIC-MRA May 30 – June 3, 2020600 (LV)± 4.0%51%36%13% [lower-alpha 98]
Public Policy Polling (D) [upper-alpha 6] May 29–30, 20201,582 (V)± 2.5%48%39%13% [lower-alpha 99]
Change Research/Crooked Media May 11–17, 20203,070 (LV)± 2.6%48%43%9%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan) [108] [109] [109] [110] [111] [112] [113] [114] [99] [101] [96] May 1–5, 2020600 (LV)± 3.0%48%36%17% [lower-alpha 100]
Public Policy Polling (D) April 28–29, 20201,270 (V)± 3.2%46%37%17%
FOX News April 18–21, 2020801 (RV)± 3.5%46%36%13%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan) [115] April 9–18, 2020600 (LV)± 3.0%46%37%17%
Public Policy Polling (D) March 31 – April 1, 20201,019 (V)± 3.1%45%38%17%
Spry Strategies (R) March 30 – April 1, 2020602 (LV)± 4.0%42%40%18%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan) [116] [117] [117] [118] [119] [120] [121] [122] [101] [103] [98] March 12–21, 2020600 (LV)± 4.0%48%39%13%
Marketing Resource Group (R) March 16–20, 2020600 (LV)± 4.0%42%35%17% [lower-alpha 101]
Firehouse/0ptimus March 5–7, 2020550 (LV)± 5.0%40%41%11%
Quinnipiac University February 12–18, 2020845 (RV)± 3.4%45%39%15%
Baldwin Wallace University January 8–20, 20201,023 (RV)± 3.1%42%32%26%
Glengariff Group January 3–7, 2020600 (LV)± 4.0%44%40%16%
Emerson College October 31 – November 3, 20191,051 (RV)± 3.5%46%40%14%
Hodas & Associates Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan) [123] October 10–16, 2019 [lower-alpha 102] 600 (LV)± 3.0%48%35%17%
Marketing Resource Group (R) October 7–10, 2019600 (LV)± 4.0%43%40%17%
Target-Insyght/MIRS News September 24–26, 2019804 (LV)± 3.5%53%37%10%
Denno Research/Vanguard PA/PSC (D) September 21–24, 2019600 (LV)± 4.0%40%39%21%
Target Insyght April 22–25, 2019800 (LV)± 3.5%50%36%14%
Emerson College March 7–10, 2019743 (LV)± 3.5%44%43%14%
Hypothetical polling

The following poll assumes neither Republican candidate would withdraw after their primary.

with Bob Carr and John James
Poll sourceDate(s)
administered
Sample
size [lower-alpha 1]
Margin
of error
Gary
Peters (D)
Bob
Carr (R)
John
James (R)
Undecided
Baldwin Wallace University Great Lakes March 17–25, 2020822 (RV)± 3.8%40%6% [lower-alpha 103] 27%28%
with Bill Schuette
Poll sourceDate(s)
administered
Sample
size [lower-alpha 1]
Margin
of error
Gary
Peters (D)
Bill
Schuette (R)
Undecided
Target Insyght April 22–25, 2019800 (LV)± 3.5%51%32%17%
with Gary Peters and Generic Republican
Poll sourceDate(s)
administered
Sample
size [lower-alpha 1]
Margin
of error
Gary
Peters (D)
Generic
Republican
Undecided
Denno Research/Vanguard PA (D) May 8–10, 2019600 (LV)± 4.0%42%36%21%
with Gary Peters and Generic Opponent
Poll sourceDate(s)
administered
Sample
size [lower-alpha 1]
Margin
of error
Gary
Peters (D)
Generic
Opponent
Undecided
MRG Jun 12–15, 2020600 (LV)± 4.0%19.2%30.3% [lower-alpha 104] 50.5%
with Generic Democrat and Generic Republican
Poll sourceDate(s)
administered
Sample
size [lower-alpha 1]
Margin
of error
Generic
Democrat
Generic
Republican
OtherUndecided
Glengariff Group/Detroit News October 23–25, 2020600 (LV)± 4%47%41%
Ipsos/Reuters September 11–16, 2020637 (LV)± 4.4%47%43%2% [lower-alpha 105] 8% [lower-alpha 106]
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC [upper-alpha 13] August 11–15, 2020600 (LV)48%39%13%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan) [100] July 13–16, 2020600 (LV)± 4.0%49%38%13%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) June 17–20, 2020600 (LV)± 4.0%50%34%15%
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan) May 1–5, 2020600 (LV)± 3.0%43%38%15% [lower-alpha 107]
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan) April 9–18, 2020600 (LV)± 3.0%40%44%16% [lower-alpha 108]
Hodas & Associates/Restoration PAC (R) (Hyperpartisan) March 12–21, 2020600 (LV)± 4.0%46%42%12% [lower-alpha 109]

General results

Polls indicated that the race would be close with Peters leading in most polls. In 2018, Michigan voters approved 'no reason required' absentee balloting. [124] The COVID-19 pandemic led to a record number of absentee voters. [125] Michigan law does not allow for early tabulating of absentee ballots, [126] so the absentee ballots were tabulated after completing the tabulating of ballots from polling places. This created a 'mirage' effect because more Republicans voted on Election Day and more Democrats voted by absentee ballot. [127] James was ahead when the counting of Election Day ballots was completed. When the absentee ballots were tabulated and with 98% of the votes counted, Peters was declared the winner by a tight margin of one percentage point after a day of waiting. [128] When the results were certified on November 23, Peters' margin of victory was 1.68%. [129]

2020 United States Senate election in Michigan [130]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Democratic Gary Peters (incumbent) 2,734,568 49.90% -4.71%
Republican John James 2,642,23348.22%+6.89%
Taxpayers Valerie Willis50,5970.92%-0.28%
Green Marcia Squier39,2170.72%-0.12%
Natural Law Doug Dern13,0930.24%N/A
Write-in 120.00%±0.00%
Total votes5,479,720 100.0%
Democratic hold

African-Americans in Detroit were a major demographic contributing to Gary Peters winning the election. [131]

Litigation

After Peters took the lead in the election on the 4th, James refused to concede the race. The following day, James claimed that he had been cheated out of winning the election in a statement published to his campaign website. The statement said that there were "[...] deep concerns that millions of Michiganders may have been disenfranchised by a dishonest few who cheat" and that "[...] there is enough credible evidence to warrant an investigation to ensure that elections were conducted in a transparent, legal and fair manner." [7] A lawyer for James' campaign alleged that fraud was committed at the TCF Center, which the Trump campaign had also attempted to claim in a dismissed lawsuit. [6] [132] [133] James conceded the election to Peters on November 24. [134]

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Key:
    A – all adults
    RV – registered voters
    LV – likely voters
    V – unclear
  2. Sample size estimated by multiplying the total sample size with the percentage of it that identifies as Republican
  3. Calculated by taking the difference of 100% and all other candidates combined.
  4. "Someone else" with 2%; Undecided with 10%
  5. "Refused" with 1%; Did not vote and would not vote with 0%; Undecided with 2%
  6. "Some other candidate" with 3%; would not vote with 0%; Undecided with 2%
  7. "Some other candidate" with 3%; would not vote with 0%; Undecided with 2%
  8. With voters who lean towards a given candidate
  9. "Someone else" with 2%
  10. Squier (G) with 0%; Undecided with 2%
  11. "Not sure/Someone else/Undecided" with 2%
  12. Squier (G) with 3%; "None of these" with 1%; "Other" with 0%; Undecided with 3%
  13. "Other" with 3%; Undecided with 2%
  14. Standard VI response
  15. "Other" with 3%; Undecided with 6%
  16. Results generated with high Democratic turnout model
  17. "Other" with 3%; Undecided with 6%
  18. Results generated with high Republican turnout model
  19. "Other" with 3%; Undecided with 6%
  20. "Third party" with 5%; "Undecided/Refused" with 6%
  21. "Other/third party" with 2%; Undecided with 9%
  22. Undecided with 3%
  23. Additional details sourced from FiveThirtyEight
  24. Not yet released
  25. Undecided with 1%
  26. Squier (G) and would not vote with 1%; Dern (Natural Law), "Someone else" and Willis (Taxpayers) with 0%; "Undecided/Refused" with 6%
  27. "Some other candidate" with 4%; would not vote with 0%; "Undecided/Refused" with 2%
  28. Undecided with 9%
  29. "Other" with 1%; "None of these" with 0%; would not vote with no voters; Undecided with 1%
  30. Undecided with 7%
  31. Undecided with 6%
  32. "Other" with 1%; Undecided with 11%
  33. "Other" with 3%; would not vote with 1%; Undecided with 5%
  34. "Some other candidate" with 3%; would not vote with 0%; "Undecided/Refused" with 2%
  35. Additional data sourced from FiveThirtyEight
  36. "Third party candidate" with 5%; "Undecided/Refused" with 11%
  37. Undecided with 8%
  38. "Someone else" and Undecided with 1%
  39. Undecided with 9%
  40. Additional data sourced from FiveThirtyEight
  41. "Someone else" and Undecided with 3%
  42. "Some other candidate" with 2%; would not vote with 0%; "Undecided/Refused" with 2%
  43. "Third party candidate" with 5%; "Undecided/Refused" with 11%
  44. Squier (G) and would not vote with 1%; Dern (Natural Law), "someone else" and Willis (Taxpayers Party) with 0%; "Undecided/Refused" with 13%
  45. "Someone else" with 1%; Undecided with 8%
  46. Undecided with 10%
  47. "Someone else" with 2%; Undecided with 6%
  48. With voters who lean towards a given candidate
  49. Did/would not vote with 1%; Undecided with 6%
  50. "Some other candidate" with 3%; would not vote with 1%; "Undecided/Refused" with 3%
  51. "Do not recall" with 1%; "Did not vote" and would not vote with 0%; Undecided with 5%
  52. "Refused" with 2%; "Third Party" with 1%; Undecided with 13%
  53. Squier (G) with 3%; Undecided with 7%
  54. "Another Party Candidate" with 2%; Undecided with 4%
  55. "Another Party Candidate" with 2%; Undecided with 4%
  56. "Other" with 1%; Undecided with 6%
  57. Would not vote with 2%; Undecided with 3%
  58. Overlapping sample with the previous Morning Consult poll, but more information available regarding sample size
  59. Undecided with 12%
  60. "Someone else" with 8%; "Refused" and would not vote with 1%; Undecided with 10%
  61. Additional data sourced from FiveThirtyEight
  62. "Some other candidate" with 1%; would not vote with 0%; Undecided with 6%
  63. "Third party candidate" with 5%; "Undecided/Refused" with 9%
  64. "Another Third Party/Write-in" with 2%; Undecided with 11%
  65. Squier (G) with 2%; Willis (Taxpayers Party) with 1%; Dern (Natural Law) and "someone else" with 0%; Undecided with 11%
  66. Would not vote with 1%; Undecided with 4%
  67. "Some other candidate" with 3%; Undecided with 10%
  68. Undecided with 14%
  69. "Other candidates" with 3%; Undecided with 4%
  70. "Another Third Party/Write-in" with 1%; Undecided with 11%
  71. With voters who lean towards a given candidate
  72. Would not vote with 1%; Undecided with 7%
  73. Squier (G) with 4%; Undecided with 10%
  74. Would not vote with 1%; Undecided with 5%
  75. "Another party candidate" with 2%; Undecided with 3%
  76. "Third party/write-in" with 1%; Undecided with 12%
  77. Undecided with 8%
  78. Would not vote with 2%; Undecided with 5%
  79. "Undecided/refused" with 10%
  80. "Third party" with 4%; Undecided with 9%
  81. "None of the above/neither" with 2%; "Other" with 0%; Undecided with 6%
  82. "Third party/write-in" with 2%; Undecided with 11%
  83. Undecided with 11%
  84. "Someone else" with 14%; "refused" and would not vote with 0%; Undecided with 12%
  85. "Other" with 3%; would not vote with 2%; Undecided with 10%
  86. Undecided with 9%
  87. "Another candidate" with 7%; Undecided with 8%
  88. Undecided with 5%; would not vote with 1%
  89. Additional data sourced from FiveThirtyEight
  90. Undecided with 7%; "would not vote" with 2%
  91. Undecided with 10%; "would not vote" with 4%
  92. Undecided with 12%
  93. Undecided with 24%; would not vote with 4%; "Another candidate" with 1%
  94. Undecided with 15%; "Third party/write-in" with 3%
  95. Undecided with 18.2%; "Someone else" with 13.7%; Would not vote with 1.5%
  96. Not sure with 13%; "Other" with 4%; "prefer not to answer" with 0%
  97. Undecided with 17%; "A different candidate" with 3%
  98. Includes "refused"
  99. "Third party" with 3%; Undecided with 10%
  100. Undecided with 17%
  101. "Someone else" with 2%; "Refused" and would not vote with 1%; Undecided with 13%
  102. Additional data sourced from FiveThirtyEight
  103. The survey indicates the candidate is called 'Bob Barr', but this is assumed to be an error.
  104. "It is time for someone new" with 30.3% as opposed to "Peters deserves to be re-elected"
  105. "Candidate from another party" with 2%
  106. "Prefer not to answer/refused" with 7%; "will not vote/not sure" with 1%
  107. "Independent/Undecided" with 15%
  108. "Independent/Undecided" with 16%
  109. "Independent/Undecided" with 12%
Partisan clients
  1. Progress Michigan is a non-profit that primarily supports Democratic candidates
  2. 1 2 3 4 Poll conducted for James' campaign.
  3. Poll sponsored by The American Bridge PAC, which exclusively supports Democratic candidates.
  4. The Restoration PAC is a 501 non-profit which supports Donald Trump's 2020 presidential campaign
  5. 1 2 The American Action Forum is a 501 organisation which usually supports Republican candidates
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 Poll conducted for Progress Michigan, a non-profit that primarily supports Democratic candidates.
  7. The Restoration PAC is a 501 non-profit which supports Donald Trump's 2020 presidential campaign
  8. Poll sponsored by the Human Rights Campaign which has endorsed Biden prior to this poll's sampling period.
  9. Poll sponsored by AARP.
  10. The Restoration PAC is a 501 non-profit which supports Donald Trump's 2020 presidential campaign
  11. This poll's sponsor is the American Principles Project, a 501 that supports the Republican Party.
  12. Poll sponsored by Giffords, which had endorsed Peters prior to the sampling period
  13. The Restoration PAC is a 501 non-profit which supports Donald Trump's 2020 presidential campaign

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  102. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
  103. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
  104. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
  105. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
  106. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
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  108. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
  109. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
  110. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
  111. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
  112. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
  113. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
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  116. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
  117. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
  118. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
  119. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
  120. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
  121. Citation error. See inline comment how to fix. [ verification needed ]
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Further reading

Official campaign websites