List of canonised popes

Last updated

This article lists the Popes who have been canonised or recognised as Saints in the Roman Catholic Church they had led. A total of 83 (out of 266) Popes have been recognised universally as canonised saints, including all of the first 35 Popes (31 of whom were martyrs) and 52 of the first 54. If Pope Liberius is numbered amongst the Saints as in Eastern Christianity, all of the first 49 Popes become recognised as Saints, of whom 31 are Martyr-Saints, and 53 of the first 54 Pontiffs would be acknowledged as Saints. In addition, 13 other Popes are in the process of becoming canonised Saints: as of December 2018, two are recognised as being Servants of God, two are recognised as being Venerable, and nine have been declared Blessed or Beati, making a total of 95 (97 if Pope Liberius and Pope Adeodatus II are recognised to be Saints) of the 266 Roman Pontiffs being recognised and venerated for their heroic virtues and inestimable contributions to the Church.

Contents

The most recently reigning Pope to have been canonised was Pope John Paul II, whose cause for canonisation was opened in May 2005. John Paul II was beatified on May 1, 2011, by Pope Benedict XVI and later canonised, along with Pope John XXIII, by Pope Francis on April 27, 2014. [1] Pope Francis also canonised Pope Paul VI on October 14, 2018.

Saints

  1. Pope Adeodatus I [2]
  2. Pope Adrian III [3]
  3. Pope Agapetus I
  4. Pope Agatho
  5. Pope Alexander I
  6. Pope Anacletus
  7. Pope Anicetus
  8. Pope Anastasius I
  9. Pope Anterus
  10. Pope Benedict II
  11. Pope Boniface I
  12. Pope Boniface IV
  13. Pope Caius
  14. Pope Callixtus I
  15. Pope Celestine I
  16. Pope Celestine V
  17. Pope Clement I
  18. Pope Cornelius
  19. Pope Damasus I
  20. Pope Dionysius
  21. Pope Eleuterus
  22. Pope Eugene I
  23. Pope Eusebius
  24. Pope Eutychian
  25. Pope Evaristus
  26. Pope Fabian
  27. Pope Felix I
  28. Pope Felix III
  29. Pope Felix IV
  30. Pope Gelasius I
  31. Pope Gregory I (St. Gregory the Great)
  32. Pope Gregory II
  33. Pope Gregory III
  34. Pope Gregory VII
  35. Pope Hilarius
  36. Pope Hormisdas
  37. Pope Hyginus
  38. Pope Innocent I
  39. Pope John I
  40. Pope John XXIII
  41. Pope John Paul II
  42. Pope Julius I
  43. Pope Leo I (St. Leo the Great)
  44. Pope Leo II
  45. Pope Leo III
  46. Pope Leo IV
  47. Pope Leo IX
  48. Pope Linus
  49. Pope Lucius I
  50. Pope Marcellinus
  51. Pope Marcellus I
  52. Pope Mark
  53. Pope Martin I
  54. Pope Miltiades
  55. Pope Nicholas I (St. Nicholas the Great)
  56. Pope Paschal I
  57. Pope Paul I
  58. Pope Paul VI [4]
  59. Pope Peter
  60. Pope Pius I
  61. Pope Pius V
  62. Pope Pius X
  63. Pope Pontian
  64. Pope Sergius I
  65. Pope Silverius
  66. Pope Simplicius
  67. Pope Siricius
  68. Pope Sixtus I
  69. Pope Sixtus II
  70. Pope Sixtus III
  71. Pope Soter
  72. Pope Stephen I
  73. Pope Stephen IV
  74. Pope Sylvester I
  75. Pope Symmachus
  76. Pope Telesphorus
  77. Pope Urban I
  78. Pope Victor I
  79. Pope Vitalian
  80. Pope Zachary
  81. Pope Zephyrinus
  82. Pope Zosimus
  83. Pope Adeodatus II
  84. Pope Liberius is regarded as a Saint in most of Eastern Christianity.

Blesseds

  1. Pope Benedict XI
  2. Pope Eugene III
  3. Pope Gregory X
  4. Pope Innocent V
  5. Pope Innocent XI
  6. Pope Pius IX [5]
  7. Pope Urban II
  8. Pope Urban V [6]
  9. Pope Victor III [7]

Venerables

  1. Pope John Paul I [8]
  2. Pope Pius XII

Servants of God

  1. Pope Benedict XIII [9]
  2. Pope Pius VII

See also

Related Research Articles

Antipope Person who holds a significantly accepted claim to be pope, but is not recognized as legitimately pope

An antipope is a person who, in opposition to the lawful pope, makes a significant attempt to occupy the position of Bishop of Rome and leader of the Catholic Church. At times between the 3rd and mid-15th centuries, antipopes were supported by important factions within the Church itself and by secular rulers.

Golden Rose Papal award

The Golden Rose is a gold ornament, which popes of the Catholic Church have traditionally blessed annually. It is occasionally conferred as a token of reverence or affection. Recipients have included churches and sanctuaries, royalty, military figures, and governments.

Decretals are letters of a pope that formulate decisions in ecclesiastical law of the Catholic Church.

A papal renunciation occurs when the reigning pope of the Catholic Church voluntarily steps down from his position. As the reign of the pope has conventionally been from election until death, papal renunciation is an uncommon event. Before the 21st century, only five popes unambiguously resigned with historical certainty, all between the 10th and 15th centuries. Additionally, there are disputed claims of four popes having resigned, dating from the 3rd to the 11th centuries; a fifth disputed case may have involved an antipope.

The Patrologia Latina is an enormous collection of the writings of the Church Fathers and other ecclesiastical writers published by Jacques-Paul Migne between 1841 and 1855, with indices published between 1862 and 1865. It is also known as the Latin series as it formed one half of Migne's Patrologiae Cursus Completus, the other part being the Patrologia Graeco-Latina of patristic and medieval Greek works with their medieval Latin translations.

A year of three popes is a common reference to a year when the College of Cardinals of the Catholic Church are required to elect two new popes within the same calendar year. Such a year generally occurs when a newly elected pope dies or resigns very early into his papacy. This results in the Catholic Church's being led by three different popes during the same calendar year. In one instance, in 1276, there was a year of four popes.

Timeline of the Catholic Church

As traditionally the oldest form of Christianity, along with the ancient or first millennial Orthodox Church, the non-Chalcedonian or Oriental Churches and the Church of the East, the history of the Roman Catholic Church is integral to the history of Christianity as a whole. It is also, according to church historian, Mark A. Noll, the "world's oldest continuously functioning international institution." This article covers a period of just under two thousand years

Papal coats of arms are the personal coat of arms of popes of the Catholic Church. These have been a tradition since the Late Middle Ages, and has displayed his own, initially that of his family, and thus not unique to himself alone, but in some cases composed by him with symbols referring to his past or his aspirations. This personal coat of arms coexists with that of the Holy See.

History of the papacy aspect of history

The history of the papacy, the office held by the pope as head of the Catholic Church, according to Catholic doctrine, spans from the time of Peter to the present day.

The Papal Mint is the pope's institute for the production of hard cash. Papal Mint also refers to the buildings in Avignon, Rome, and elsewhere that used to house the mint..

Sylvester Gozzolini Founder of the Sylvestrines

Saint Silvestro Guzzolini was an Italian Roman Catholic priest and the founder of the Silvestrini. He served as a canon in Osimo but respectful rebukes of his bishop's inappropriate conduct led him to leave for a hermitage before the bishop could strip him of his position. He remained in his hermitage with a determination to found a religious congregation and based it upon the Order of Saint Benedict after having a dream of Saint Benedict of Nursia. His order received papal approval from Pope Innocent IV which allowed his order to expand across Italian cities to a significant degree.

Cardinal-nephew Nephew or relative of a pope appointed as a cardinal by him

A cardinal-nephew was a cardinal elevated by a pope who was that cardinal's relative. The practice of creating cardinal-nephews originated in the Middle Ages, and reached its apex during the 16th and 17th centuries. The last cardinal-nephew was named in 1689 and the practice was extinguished in 1692. The word nepotism originally referred specifically to this practice, when it appeared in the English language about 1669. From the middle of the Avignon Papacy (1309–1377) until Pope Innocent XII's anti-nepotism bull, Romanum decet pontificem (1692), a pope without a cardinal-nephew was the exception to the rule. Every Renaissance pope who created cardinals appointed a relative to the College of Cardinals, and the nephew was the most common choice, although one of Alexander VI's creations was his own son.

Papal appointment

Papal appointment was a medieval method of selecting a pope. Popes have always been selected by a council of Church fathers, however, Papal selection before 1059 was often characterized by confirmation or "nomination" by secular European rulers or by their predecessors. The later procedures of the papal conclave are in large part designed to constrain the interference of secular rulers which characterized the first millennium of the Roman Catholic Church, and persisted in practices such as the creation of crown-cardinals and the jus exclusivae. Appointment might have taken several forms, with a variety of roles for the laity and civic leaders, Byzantine and Germanic emperors, and noble Roman families. The role of the election vis-a-vis the general population and the clergy was prone to vary considerably, with a nomination carrying weight that ranged from near total to a mere suggestion or ratification of a prior election.

Perugia Papacy

Perugia was a long-time papal residence during the 13th century. Five popes were elected here: Pope Honorius III (1216–1227), Pope Clement IV (1265–1268), Pope Honorius IV (1285–1287), Pope Celestine V (1294), and Pope Clement V (1305–1314). These elections took place in the Palazzo delle Canoniche adjoining the Perugia Cathedral.

Articles related to Christianity include:

Papal ferula Pastoral staff in the Catholic Church used by the pope

The papal ferula is the pastoral staff used in the Catholic Church by the pope. It is a rod with a knob on top surmounted by a cross. It differs from a crosier, the staff carried by other bishops of Latin-rite churches, which is curved or bent at the top in the style of a shepherd's crook.

References