Thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptor

Last updated
TRHR
Identifiers
Aliases TRHR , TRH-R, thyrotropin releasing hormone receptor, CHNG7
External IDs OMIM: 188545 MGI: 98824 HomoloGene: 20707 GeneCards: TRHR
Gene location (Human)
Ideogram human chromosome 8.svg
Chr. Chromosome 8 (human) [1]
Human chromosome 8 ideogram.svg
HSR 1996 II 3.5e.svg
Red rectangle 2x18.png
Band 8q23.1Start109,086,621 bp [1]
End109,119,584 bp [1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE TRHR 211438 at fs.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_003301

NM_013696

RefSeq (protein)

NP_003292

NP_038724

Location (UCSC) Chr 8: 109.09 – 109.12 Mb Chr 15: 44.2 – 44.24 Mb
PubMed search [3] [4]
Wikidata
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

Thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptor (TRHR) is a G protein-coupled receptor which binds thyrotropin-releasing hormone. [5] [6]

Contents

The TRHR is found on the cell membrane of thyrotropes of the anterior pituitary. When the TRHR binds TRH it activates phospholipase C, which causes the formation of inositol triphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG). This leads to an increase in cytoplasmic calcium ion concentrations which stimulates the exocytosis of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) into the blood.

Related Research Articles

Corticotropin-releasing hormone

Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a peptide hormone involved in the stress response. It is a releasing hormone that belongs to corticotropin-releasing factor family. In humans, it is encoded by the CRH gene. Its main function is the stimulation of the pituitary synthesis of ACTH, as part of the HPA Axis.

Thyrotropin-releasing hormone hormone

Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), is a hypophysiotropic hormone, produced by neurons in the hypothalamus, that stimulates the release of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and prolactin from the anterior pituitary.

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (also known as thyrotropin, thyrotropic hormone, or abbreviated TSH) is a pituitary hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroxine (T4), and then triiodothyronine (T3) which stimulates the metabolism of almost every tissue in the body. It is a glycoprotein hormone produced by thyrotrope cells in the anterior pituitary gland, which regulates the endocrine function of the thyroid.

Somatostatin

Somatostatin, also known as growth hormone-inhibiting hormone (GHIH) or by several other names, is a peptide hormone that regulates the endocrine system and affects neurotransmission and cell proliferation via interaction with G protein-coupled somatostatin receptors and inhibition of the release of numerous secondary hormones. Somatostatin inhibits insulin and glucagon secretion.

Follicle-stimulating hormone receptor

The follicle-stimulating hormone receptor or FSH receptor (FSHR) is a transmembrane receptor that interacts with the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and represents a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR). Its activation is necessary for the hormonal functioning of FSH. FSHRs are found in the ovary, testis, and uterus.

Luteinizing hormone/choriogonadotropin receptor

The luteinizing hormone/choriogonadotropin receptor (LHCGR), also lutropin/choriogonadotropin receptor (LCGR) or luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) is a transmembrane receptor found predominantly in the ovary and testis, but also many extragonadal organs such as the uterus and breasts. The receptor interacts with both luteinizing hormone (LH) and chorionic gonadotropins and represents a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR). Its activation is necessary for the hormonal functioning during reproduction.

Thyrotropin receptor

The thyrotropin receptor is a receptor that responds to thyroid-stimulating hormone and stimulates the production of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). The TSH receptor is a member of the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily of integral membrane proteins and is coupled to the Gs protein.

ACTH receptor

The adrenocorticotropic hormone receptor or ACTH receptor also known as the melanocortin receptor 2 or MC2 receptor is a type of melanocortin receptor (type 2) which is specific for ACTH. A G protein–coupled receptor located on the external cell plasma membrane, it is coupled to Gαs and upregulates levels of cAMP by activating adenylyl cyclase. The ACTH receptor plays a role in immune function and glucose metabolism.

Growth-hormone-releasing hormone receptor

The growth-hormone-releasing hormone receptor (GHRHR) is a G-protein-coupled receptor that binds growth hormone-releasing hormone. The GHRHR activates a Gs protein that causes a cascade of cAMP via adenylate cyclase.

Parathyroid hormone 1 receptor

Parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide receptor, also known as parathyroid hormone 1 receptor (PTH1R), is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PTH1R gene. PTH1R functions as a receptor for parathyroid hormone (PTH) and for parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP), also called parathyroid hormone-like hormone (PTHLH).

Somatostatin receptor 2

Somatostatin receptor type 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SSTR2 gene.

Corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 1

Corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 1 (CRHR1) is a protein, also known as CRF1, with the latter (CRF1) now being the IUPHAR-recommended name. In humans, CRF1 is encoded by the CRHR1 gene.

Corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 2

Corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 2 (CRHR2) is a protein, also known by the IUPHAR-recommended name CRF2, that is encoded by the CRHR2 gene and occurs on the surfaces of some mammalian cells. CRF2 receptors are type 2 G protein-coupled receptors for corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) that are resident in the plasma membranes of hormone-sensitive cells. CRH, a peptide of 41 amino acids synthesized in the hypothalamus, is the principal neuroregulator of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, signaling via guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) and downstream effectors such as adenylate cyclase. The CRF2 receptor is a multi-pass membrane protein with a transmembrane domain composed of seven helices arranged in a V-shape. CRF2 receptors are activated by two structurally similar peptides, urocortin II, and urocortin III, as well as CRH.

Endothelin A receptor

Endothelin receptor type A, also known as ETA, is a human G protein-coupled receptor.

Melanocortin 3 receptor

Melanocortin receptor 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MC3R gene.

Melatonin receptor 1A

Melatonin receptor type 1A is a protein that in humans is encoded by the MTNR1A gene.

Somatostatin receptor 4

Somatostatin receptor type 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SSTR4 gene.

IGSF1

Immunoglobulin superfamily, member 1 is a plasma membrane glycoprotein encoded by the IGSF1 gene, which maps to the X chromosome in humans and other mammalian species.

BRD8

Bromodomain-containing protein 8 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the BRD8 gene.

Thyrotropin releasing hormone degrading enzyme is a protein, specifically a pyroglutamyl-peptidase II enzyme, that in humans is encoded by the TRHDE gene.

References

  1. 1 2 3 GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000174417 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. 1 2 3 GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000038760 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. "Human PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  4. "Mouse PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  5. Yamada M, Monden T, Konaka S, Mori M (November 1993). "Assignment of human thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) receptor gene to chromosome 8". Somatic Cell and Molecular Genetics. 19 (6): 577–80. doi:10.1007/BF01233384. PMID   8128317. S2CID   44982871.
  6. Gershengorn MC (1993). "Thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptor: cloning and regulation of its expression". Thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptor: Cloning and regulation of its expression. Recent Progress in Hormone Research. 48. pp. 341–63. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-571148-7.50016-6. ISBN   9780125711487. PMID   8382829.

Further reading